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특허 상세정보

Salt compositions for explosives

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/2 ; 149/41 ; 149/44 ; 149/46
출원번호 US-0137301 (1987-12-23)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 22  인용 특허 : 59
초록

Salt compositions are disclosed which comprise: (A) at least one salt moiety derived from (A)(I) at least one high-molecular weight polycarboxylic acylating agent, said acylating agent (A)(I) having at least one hydrocarbyl substituent having an average of from about 20 to about 500 carbon atoms, and (A)(II) ammonia, at least one amine, at least one alkali or alkaline earth metal, and/or at least one alkali or alkaline earth metal compound; (B) at least one salt moiety derived from (B)(I) at least one low-molecular weight polycarboxylic acylating agent, ...

대표
청구항

An explosive composition comprising a discontinous oxidizer phase comprising at least one oxygen-supplying component, a continous organic phase comprising at least one carbonaceous fuel, an an emulsifying amount of a composition comprising: (A) at least one salt moiety derived from (A)(I) at least one high-molecular weight polycarboxylic acylating agent, said acylating agent (A)(I) having at least one hydrocarbyl substituent having an average of from about 20 to about 500 carbon atoms, and (A)(II) ammmonia, at least one amine, at least one alkali or alka...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (59)

  1. Vartanian ; Paul F. ; Biasotti ; Joseph B.. Amine-alkenylsuccinic acid or anhydride reaction product. USP1978074098585.
  2. Law Derek A. (Pitman NJ) Davis Robert H. (Pitman NJ) Andress Harry J. (Wenonah NJ). Aqueous lubricants containing metal hydrocarbyl dithiophosphates. USP1981034253975.
  3. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH). Aqueous systems containing nitrogen-containing, phosphorous-free carboxylic solubilizer/surfactant additives. USP1983014368133.
  4. Clay Robert B. (728 West 3800 South Bountiful UT 84010). Blasting composition. USP1981104294633.
  5. Wade Charles G. (Lehighton PA). Cap sensitive emulsions containing perchlorates and occluded air and method. USP1979044149916.
  6. Wade Charles G. (Lehighton PA). Cap sensitive emulsions without any sensitizer other than occluded air. USP1979044149917.
  7. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH). Carboxylic acid derivatives of alkanol tertiary monoamines. USP1984034435297.
  8. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH). Carboxylic acid derivatives of alkanol tertiary monoamines and lubricants or functional fluids containing the same. USP1982054329249.
  9. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH). Carboxylic solubilizer/surfactant combinations and aqueous compositions containing same. USP1984054448703.
  10. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH). Carboxylic solubilizer/surfactant combinations and aqueous compositions containing same. USP1984054447348.
  11. Jessop, Harvey A.. Cast emulsion explosive composition. USP1985104548659.
  12. Bint Rjean (St. Bruno CAX) Chin Chang-Hwa (Mississauga CAX) Edmonds Anthony C. F. (Burlington CAX) Lee Ming C. (Longueuil CAX) Picard Roland (McMasterville CAX). Continuous method and apparatus for the preparation of explosives emulsion precursor. USP1984094472215.
  13. Meinhardt Norman Anthony (Lyndhurst OH). Dispersant compositions. USP1976043948800.
  14. Law Derek A. (Pitman NJ) Davis Robert H. (Pitman NJ) Andress Harry J. (Wenonah NJ). Emulsifiable lubricant compositions. USP1980094225447.
  15. Baker Alan S. (Slough GB2). Emulsifying agents. USP1985034504276.
  16. Sudweeks Walter B. (Orem UT) Jessop Harvey A. (Lehi UT). Emulsion blasting agent. USP1979024141767.
  17. Sudweeks Walter B. (Orem UT) Lawrence Larry D. (Salt Lake City UT). Emulsion blasting agent sensitized with perlite. USP1980114231821.
  18. Sudweeks Walter B. (Orem UT) Jessop Harvey A. (Lehi UT). Emulsion blasting composition. USP1980084216040.
  19. Cooper John (Ayrshire GB6) Mumme-Young Colin A. (Chester GB2). Emulsion explosive composition. USP1984124490194.
  20. Cooper John (Dundonald GB6) Reid David S. (Kilwinning GB6) Mumme-Young Colin A. (Chester GB2) Gregson Robert D. (Runcorn GB2). Emulsion explosive composition. USP1984124490195.
  21. Mitchell Kenneth A. W. (Cheltenham AUX). Emulsion explosive composition. USP1984054448619.
  22. Yates David E. (Melbourne AUX) Dack Stuart W. (Melbourne AUX). Emulsion explosive composition. USP1987124710248.
  23. Bampfield Howard A. (Otterburn Park CAX). Emulsion explosive compositions and method of preparation. USP1983124420349.
  24. Ekman Gunnar O. (Nora SEX) Granlund Lars A. (Nora SEX). Emulsion explosive sensitive to a detonator. USP1982014310364.
  25. Healy Nigel A. (Edenvale ZAX). Emulsion of a melt explosive composition. USP1981024248644.
  26. Owen ; II James H. (Hagerstown MD). Emulsion-type explosive composition and method for the preparation thereof. USP1981094287010.
  27. Miller Clark Ober (Willoughby Hills OH). Ester-containing compositions. USP1976053957854.
  28. Cechanski Michael (Skrdevgen ; Number 13 713 00 Nora SEX). Explosive. USP1985014496405.
  29. Smith Jeremy G. B. (Edenvale ZAX). Explosive. USP1983074391659.
  30. Bates Andrew (West Melton AUX) Dack Stuart (Graham Roads Rosanna AUX) Yates David (East Brunswick AUX). Explosive composition. USP1988084764230.
  31. Binet Rejean (St. Bruno CAX) Cloutier Joseph A. R. (Montreal CAX) Edmonds Anthony C. F. (St. Hilaire CAX) Holden Harold W. (St. Hilaire CAX) McNicol Melvin A. (Otterburn Park CAX). Explosive compositions based on time-stable colloidal dispersions. USP1982114357184.
  32. Smith Jeremy G. B. (Edenvale ZAX) Dlz Arno W. (Roodepoort ZAX) Lbbe Carl H. (Johannesburg ZAX). Explosive which includes an explosive emulsion. USP1986104615751.
  33. Chrisp Joseph Dean (Hagerstown MD). Formation of foamed emulsion-type blasting agents. USP1977024008108.
  34. Bonazza Benedict R. (Bartlesville OK) Schiff Sidney (Bartlesville OK). Fuel and lubricant additives from aminoalkylalkanolamines. USP1980104230588.
  35. Davis Robert H. (Pitman NJ) Schick John W. (Cherry Hill NJ). Lubricant compositions. USP1977104053426.
  36. Schick John W. (Cherry Hill NJ) Davis Robert H. (Pitman NJ) Andress Harry J. (Wenonah NJ). Lubricant compositions for can forming. USP1980014185485.
  37. Lee Gary D. (Wappingers Falls NY) Vartanian Paul F. (Wappingers Falls NY) Biasotti Joseph B. (Wappingers Falls NY). Lubricating oil composition. USP1977094048080.
  38. Meinhardt Norman A. (Lyndhurst OH) Davis Kirk E. (Euclid OH). Novel carboxylic acid acylating agents, derivatives thereof, concentrate and lubricant compositions containing the same,. USP1980114234435.
  39. Valcho Joseph J. (Naperville IL) Karll Robert E. (Batavia IL). Oil recovery and mobility control in surfactant systems using the reaction product of an alkenyl succinic anhydride and. USP1981034253974.
  40. Holgado Rosauro V. (Philadelphia PA). Oil-in-water emulsion hydraulic fluid. USP1977034010105.
  41. Olney Robert S. (Bethlehem PA) Wade Charles G. (Lehighton PA). Production of explosive emulsions. USP1979024138281.
  42. Breza ; deceased Cyril J. (late of Hagerstown MD by Therese H. Breza ; executrix) Schaefer William E. (Hagerstown MD). Resin-bonded water-bearing explosive. USP1982084343663.
  43. Scherubel Gary A. (Tulsa OK). Self-breaking retarded acid emulsion. USP1979024140640.
  44. Wade, Charles G.; Fillman, Harold T.. Sensitive low water emulsion explosive compositions. USP1983054383873.
  45. Abegg, M. Taylor; Peterson, John A.; Jessop, deceased, Harvey A.; Lavery, personal representative, by Ormond F.. Soft composite explosives and process for making same. USP1985114552597.
  46. Cechanski Michael (Nora SEX). Solid water-in-oil emulsion explosives compositions and processes. USP1985064525225.
  47. Cescon, Lawrence A.; Millet, Jr., Nolan J.. Stable nitrate/emulsion explosives and emulsion for use therein. USP1985114555278.
  48. Clay Robert B. (728 W. 3800 South St. Bountiful UT 84010). Water resistant blasting agent and method of use. USP1980014181546.
  49. Brockington James W. (Allentown PA). Water-in-oil NCN emulsion blasting agent. USP1980084218272.
  50. Clay ; Robert B.. Water-in-oil blasting composition. USP1978094111727.
  51. Yorke William J. (St. Bruno de Montarville CAX) Binet Rejean (St. Bruno CAX) Lee Ming C. (Longueuil CAX) Bampfield Howard A. (Otterburn Park CAX). Water-in-oil emulsion blasting agents containing unrefined or partly refined petroleum product as fuel component. USP1983094404050.
  52. Hattori Katsuhide (Aichi JPX) Fukatsu Yoshiaki (Aichi JPX) Takahashi Masao (Aichi JPX). Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition. USP1982044326900.
  53. Hattori Katsuhide (Chita JPX) Fukatsu Yoshiaki (Chita JPX) Takahashi Masao (Chita JPX). Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition. USP1982024315787.
  54. Hattori, Katsuhide; Fukatsu, Yoshiaki; Sakai, Hiroshi. Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition. USP1985114554032.
  55. Takeuchi Fumio (Aichi JPX) Takahashi Masao (Aichi JPX). Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition. USP1983074394198.
  56. Wade ; Charles G.. Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition. USP1978084110134.
  57. Hattori Katsuhide (Aichi JPX) Fukatsu Yoshiaki (Aichi JPX) Takahashi Masao (Aichi JPX). Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition with imidazoline derivative emulsifier. USP1982024315784.
  58. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH). Water-in-oil emulsions. USP1987114708753.
  59. Salathiel William M. (Houston TX) Muecke Thomas W. (Houston TX) Cooke ; Jr. Claude E. (Houston TX) Li Norman N. (Edison NJ). Well treatment with emulsion dispersions. USP1980114233165.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 22

  1. Jahnke Richard W. (Mentor OH) Kocurek Lawrence J. (Willowick OH) Bush James H. (Mentor OH). Compositions containing combinations of surfactants and derivatives of succininc acylating agent or hydroxyaromatic comp. USP1997045620946.
  2. Jahnke Richard W. (Mentor OH) Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH). Compositions containing derivatives of succinic acylating agent or hydroxyaromatic compounds and methods of using the sa. USP1997065637557.
  3. Bush James H.. Controlled release emulsion fertilizer compositions. USP2001016176893.
  4. Machacek Oldrich ; Eck Gary R.. Development of new high energy blasting products using demilitarized ammonium picrate. USP2001046214140.
  5. Riga Alan T. (Cleveland OH) Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH). Emulsifiers and explosive emulsions containing same. USP1992075129972.
  6. Bush James H.. Emulsion compositions. USP2000046054493.
  7. Paul Nicolaas Venter ZA; Francois Kruger ZA. Emulsion explosive. USP2002116478904.
  8. Snare Margaret J. (Thornbury AUX) Yates David (East Brunswick AUX) Sanders Ross (Essendon AUX). Emulsion explosive composition containing a condensation product. USP1991034999062.
  9. Bush James H.. Emulsion explosive compositions. USP2001036200398.
  10. McKenzie Lee F. (Riverton UT) Lawrence Lawrence D. (Sandy UT). Emulsion explosives containing a polymeric emulsifier. USP1990064931110.
  11. Arthur, Jordan; Hunsaker, Scott; Lovell, Verlene; McKenzie, Lee F.. Explosive compositions and related methods. USP20181010087117.
  12. Riga Alan T. (Cleveland OH) Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH). Explosive emulsion. USP1990044919178.
  13. Klug, Peter; Bender, Ralf. Explosives comprising modified copolymers of polyisobutylene, vinyl esters and maleic anhydride as emulsifiers. USP2003036527885.
  14. Quinn Robert E. (Cleveland OH) Burk W. Michael (Chardon OH). Green bodies formed from inorganic powders and a carboxylic acylating agent. USP1996125585428.
  15. Goerz, Jr., David J.. Hybrid fuel and method of making the same. USP2016119493709.
  16. Alilovic, Ivana; Reckzin, Earl. Method of gassing emulsion explosives and explosives produced thereby. USP2005026855219.
  17. Borden, Craig. Preparation of emulsions. USP2003026514361.
  18. VanOmmeren Catharine (Tamaqua PA). Prill for emulsion explosives. USP1991075034071.
  19. Klug, Peter; Bender, Ralf. Terpolymers obtained by polymer-analogous reaction. USP2004036706838.
  20. Marlow Jill M. ; Bush James H.. Thickened emulsion compositions for use as propellants and explosives. USP1999085936194.
  21. Chattopadhyay Arun K. (McMasterville CAX). Water-in-oil emulsion explosive. USP1990044919179.
  22. Jahnke Richard W.. Water-in-oil emulsions. USP1999075920031.