$\require{mediawiki-texvc}$
  • 검색어에 아래의 연산자를 사용하시면 더 정확한 검색결과를 얻을 수 있습니다.
  • 검색연산자
검색연산자 기능 검색시 예
() 우선순위가 가장 높은 연산자 예1) (나노 (기계 | machine))
공백 두 개의 검색어(식)을 모두 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (나노 기계)
예2) 나노 장영실
| 두 개의 검색어(식) 중 하나 이상 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (줄기세포 | 면역)
예2) 줄기세포 | 장영실
! NOT 이후에 있는 검색어가 포함된 문서는 제외 예1) (황금 !백금)
예2) !image
* 검색어의 *란에 0개 이상의 임의의 문자가 포함된 문서 검색 예) semi*
"" 따옴표 내의 구문과 완전히 일치하는 문서만 검색 예) "Transform and Quantization"

특허 상세정보

Fuel cell evaporative cooling using fuel as a carrier gas

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) H01M-008/06   
미국특허분류(USC) 429/17 ; 429/20 ; 429/26 ; 423/652
출원번호 US-0399680 (1989-08-28)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 104  인용 특허 : 5
초록

Removal of waste heat from a fuel cell is necessary for continuous operation. Evaporation, can be used to remove the heat produced by the exothermic reaction within the fuel cell. Water sprayed into a gaseous fuel stream is evaporated in an evaporative cooler adjacent to the fuel cell. The fuel/steam stream can then be utilized in the various other fuel cell system operations.

대표
청구항

In a method of operating a fuel cell system, said system having a fuel stream, water, fuel, air, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, a hydro desulfurizer, a reformer, a low temperature shift converter, an evaporative cooler, means for heating, a contact cooler, a condenser, an exhaust, a fuel cell, said fuel cell having an anode chamber and a cathode chamber, which comprises: a. preheating stream; b. desulfurizing the fuel stream; c. spraying water into the fuel stream to form mist; d. evaporating the water into the fuel stream using an evaporative cooler, ...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 104

  1. Alizadeh Khiavi,Soheil; Roy,Surajit; Sawada,James A.. Adsorptive separation of gas streams. USP2007037189280.
  2. Valensa, Jeroen; Reinke, Michael J.; Voss, Mark G.. Annular or ring shaped fuel cell unit. USP2011098026013.
  3. Clawson Lawrence G. ; Mitchell William L. ; Bentley Jeffrey M. ; Thijssen Johannes H. J.. Apparatus for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide. USP2001076254839.
  4. Lawrence G. Clawson ; William L. Mitchell ; Jeffrey M. Bentley ; Johannes H. J. Thijssen. Apparatus for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide. USP2002106468480.
  5. Clawson,Lawrence G.; Dorson,Matthew H.; Mitchell,William L.; Nowicki,Brian J.; Bentley,Jeffrey M.; Davis,Robert; Rumsey,Jennifer W.. Auxiliary reactor for a hydrocarbon reforming system. USP2006016986797.
  6. Clingerman Bruce J. ; Mowery Kenneth D. ; Ripley Eugene V.. Combustor air flow control method for fuel cell apparatus. USP2001106306531.
  7. Doan, Tien M.; Clingerman, Bruce J.. Control apparatus and method for efficiently heating a fuel processor in a fuel cell system. USP2003086602624.
  8. Bruce J. Clingerman ; Donald H. Keskula. Controlled shutdown of a fuel cell. USP2002046376112.
  9. Spink, Scott A.; Lott, David R.; Fuglevand, William A.. Direct liquid fuel cell. USP2011088003274.
  10. Keefer, Bowie G.; McLean, Christopher R.; Brown, Michael J.. Electrical current generation system. USP2005076921597.
  11. Keefer,Bowie G.; Connor,Denis J.; Hunter,Carl F.. Energy efficient gas separation for fuel cells. USP2006087087331.
  12. Keefer,Bowie G.; Babicki,Matthew L.; Kirby,Mark H.. Enhanced solid oxide fuel cell systems. USP2007107285350.
  13. Kenneth D. Mowery ; Eugene V. Ripley. Flexible method for monitoring fuel cell voltage. USP2002096455180.
  14. Landau Michael B. (West Hartford CT) Tanrikut Yasar B. (Manchester CT). Fuel Preheating for a fuel processing system of a fuel cell power plant. USP1991085043232.
  15. Fuglevand William A. ; DeVries Peter D. ; Lloyd Greg A. ; Lott David R. ; Scartozzi John P.. Fuel cell and method for controlling same. USP2000086096449.
  16. Fuglevand,William A.; DeVries,Peter D.; Lloyd,Greg A.; Lott,David R.; Scartozzi,John P.. Fuel cell and method for controlling same. USP200704RE39556.
  17. Vuk, Carl Thomas; Finamore, Peter. Fuel cell cooling system. USP2005026852435.
  18. Blunk,Richard H.; Abd Elhamid,Mahmoud H.; Lisi,Daniel John; Mikhail,Youssef M.. Fuel cell dielectric coolant and evaporative cooling process using same. USP2008117452617.
  19. Cownden Ryan,CAX ; Eiche Michael,CAX ; Louie Craig,CAX ; Watkins David S.,CAX. Fuel cell electric power generation system. USP2001116316134.
  20. Cownden, Ryan; Eiche, Michael; Louie, Craig; Watkins, David S.. Fuel cell electric power generation system. USP2003116645652.
  21. Richards, Gilbert; Trevisan, David; Lee, Michael L; Mahler, Jessica; Parker, Ross; Clarabut, Alex; Pearson, Chad; Ballantine, Arne; Weingaertner, David; Hixson, Jason; Mitlitsky, Fred. Fuel cell mechanical components. USP2013058440362.
  22. Richards, Gilbert; Trevisan, David; Lee, Michael; Mahler, Jessica; Parker, Ross; Clarabut, Alex; Pearson, Chad; Ballantine, Arne; Weingaertner, David; Hixson, Jason; Mitlitsky, Fred. Fuel cell mechanical components. USP2014098822101.
  23. Trevisan, David; Daco, Christian; Baugh, David. Fuel cell mechanical components. USP2017099755263.
  24. Fuglevand, William A.. Fuel cell power system and method of controlling a fuel cell power system. USP2004066743536.
  25. Fuglevand,William A.. Fuel cell power system and method of controlling a fuel cell power system. USP2008027326480.
  26. William A. Fuglevand ; Shiblihanna I. Bayyuk ; Greg Lloyd ; Peter D. Devries ; David R. Lott ; John P. Scartozzi. Fuel cell power systems and methods of controlling a fuel cell power system. USP2002056387556.
  27. William A. Fuglevand ; Jonathan Dodge. Fuel cell power systems, direct current voltage converters, fuel cell power generation methods, power conditioning methods and direct current power conditioning methods. USP2002086428918.
  28. Perry, Martin; Ballantine, Arne. Fuel cell stack module shell with integrated heat exchanger. USP2014108852820.
  29. Keskula, Donald H.; Doan, Tien M.; Clingerman, Bruce J.. Fuel cell stack monitoring and system control. USP2004026692851.
  30. Keskula, Donald H.; Doan, Tien M.; Clingerman, Bruce J.. Fuel cell stack monitoring and system control. USP2005016847188.
  31. Pettit William Henry. Fuel cell system combustor. USP2001056232005.
  32. Perry, Martin; Ballantine, Arne. Fuel cell system components. USP2017089722273.
  33. Perry, Martin; Venkataraman, Swaminathan. Fuel cell system containing anode tail gas oxidizer and hybrid heat exchanger/reformer. USP2015089105894.
  34. Perry, Martin; Venkataraman, Swaminathan. Fuel cell system containing anode tail gas oxidizer and hybrid heat exchanger/reformer. USP2012108288041.
  35. Perry, Martin; Venkataraman, Swaminathan. Fuel cell system containing anode tail gas oxidizer and hybrid heat exchanger/reformer. USP2013098535839.
  36. Keskula Donald H. ; Doan Tien M. ; Clingerman Bruce J.. Fuel cell system logic for differentiating between rapid and normal shutdown commands. USP2000126159626.
  37. Bruce J. Clingerman ; Tien M. Doan ; Donald H. Keskula. Fuel cell system shutdown with anode pressure control. USP2002076413662.
  38. Pettit William Henry. Fuel cell system with combustor-heated reformer. USP2000066077620.
  39. Maisotsenko, Valeriy; Gillan, Leland E.; Heaton, Timothy L.; Gillan, Alan D.. Fuel cell systems with evaporative cooling and methods for humidifying and adjusting the temperature of the reactant streams. USP2004086779351.
  40. Breault, Richard D.. Fuel cell temperature control by evaporative cooling. USP2009077556874.
  41. Donald H. Keskula ; Bruce J. Clingerman ; Robert W. Chalfant. Fuel cell voltage monitoring and system control. USP2002066406806.
  42. Clawson,Lawrence G.. Fuel fired hydrogen generator. USP2008107434547.
  43. Donald H. Keskula ; Tien M. Doan ; Bruce J. Clingerman. Fuel processor temperature monitoring and control. USP2002056391484.
  44. Motzet,Bruno; Tischler,Alois. Gas generation system for a reformer and method for providing a gas flow to a reformer. USP2006027005114.
  45. Grover, Trevor T.; Forte, Jameson R.. Gas-liquid separator for fuel cell system. USP2005036869469.
  46. Trevor T. Grover ; Jameson R. Forte. Gas-liquid separator for fuel cell system. USP2002116485854.
  47. Keefer,Bowie G.. High temperature fuel cell power plant. USP2006087097925.
  48. Clawson, Lawrence G.. High-efficiency Otto cycle engine with power generating expander. USP2004116817182.
  49. Clawson, Lawrence G.; O'Brien, Christopher J.; Hagan, Mark R.. High-efficiency fuel cell power system with power generating expander. USP2005076916564.
  50. Clawson,Lawrence G.. High-efficiency otto cycle engine with power generating expander. USP2006067062915.
  51. Weingaertner, David; Venkataraman, Swaminathan. Hot box design with a multi-stream heat exchanger and single air control. USP2015109166240.
  52. Weingaertner, David; Venkataraman, Swaminathan. Hot box design with a multi-stream heat exchanger and single air control. USP2012038137855.
  53. Venkataraman, Swaminathan. Hybrid fuel heat exchanger—pre-reformer in SOFC systems. USP2014128920997.
  54. Keefer,Bowie G.; Babicki,Matthew L.. Hydrogen recycle for solid oxide fuel cell. USP2008067387849.
  55. Voss, Mark G.; Siler, Nicholas; Mross, Gregory A.; Stevenson, Joseph R.; Meissner, Alan P.. Integrated condenser/separator for fuel cell exhaust gases. USP2004126832647.
  56. Venkataraman, Swaminathan; Weingaertner, David; Kalika, Vlad. Integrated fuel line to support CPOX and SMR reactions in SOFC systems. USP2017069680175.
  57. Clawson, Lawrence G.; Dorson, Matthew H.; Mitchell, William L.; Nowicki, Brian J.; Thijssen, Johannes; Davis, Robert; Papile, Christopher; Rumsey, Jennifer W.; Longo, Nathan; Cross, III, James C.; Ri. Integrated hydrocarbon reforming system and controls. USP2003116641625.
  58. Bentley,Jeffrey M.; Clawson,Lawrence G.; Mitchell,William L.; Dorson,Matthew H.. Integrated reformer and shift reactor. USP2006067066973.
  59. Valensa, Jeroen; Reinke, Michael J.; Voss, Mark G.. Integrated solid oxide fuel cell and fuel processor. USP2010027659022.
  60. Valensa, Jeroen; Reinke, Michael J.; Voss, Mark G.. Integrated solid oxide fuel cell and fuel processor. USP2012088241801.
  61. William A. Fuglevand ; Peter D. DeVries ; Glen Alden Lloyd ; David R. Lott ; John P. Scartozzi. Ion exchange membrane fuel cell. USP2002106468682.
  62. Clawson, Lawrence G.; Hagan, Mark R.. Joint-cycle high-efficiency fuel cell system with power generating turbine. USP2005076921595.
  63. David J. Hart-Predmore ; William H. Pettit. Methanol tailgas combustor control method. USP2002086436561.
  64. Bruce J. Clingerman ; Robert W. Chalfant. Method and apparatus for controlling combustor temperature during transient load changes. USP2002076416893.
  65. Szydlowski Donald F. ; Sederquist Richard A.. Method and apparatus for injecting a liquid hydrocarbon fuel into a fuel cell power plant reformer. USP2000046045772.
  66. Clawson Lawrence G. ; Mitchell William L. ; Bentley Jeffrey M. ; Thijssen Johannes H. J.. Method for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide. USP2000076083425.
  67. Clawson Lawrence G. ; Mitchell William L. ; Bentley Jeffrey M. ; Thijssen Johannes H. J.. Method for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide. USP2001036207122.
  68. Clawson Lawrence G. ; Mitchell William L. ; Bentley Jeffrey M. ; Thijssen Johannes H. J.. Method for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide. USP2000096123913.
  69. Bruce J. Clingerman ; Kenneth D. Mowery. Method for operating a combustor in a fuel cell system. USP2002076413661.
  70. Robert W. Chalfant ; Bruce J. Clingerman. Method for operating a combustor in a fuel cell system. USP2002096451465.
  71. Vollmar Horst,DEX ; Edelmann Heiner,DEX ; Schrepfer Wolfgang,DEX ; Nolscher Christoph,DEX. Method for operating a high-temperature fuel cell installation, and a high-temperature fuel cell installation. USP2000126162556.
  72. James H. Kralick. Mist evaporation system for fuel cell hydration. USP2002026350535.
  73. Sridhar, K. R.; Venkataraman, Swaminathan; Lyle, William David; Ballantine, Arne. Modular fuel cell system. USP2018049947955.
  74. Sridhar, K. R.; Venkataraman, Swaminathan; Lyle, William David; Ballantine, Arne Watson. Modular fuel cell system. USP2015119190693.
  75. Hamada Akira,JPX ; Matsubayashi Takaaki,JPX ; Nakaoka Toru,JPX ; Miyake Yasuo,JPX ; Nakajima Toshikazu,JPX. Polymer electrolyte fuel cell and a polymer electrolyte fuel cell system which supply anode-side channels with a gas-liq. USP1999095958613.
  76. Weingaertner, David; Kalika, Vlad; Perry, Martin. Pre-reformer for selective reformation of higher hydrocarbons. USP2017109799902.
  77. Weingaertner, David; Kalika, Vlad; Perry, Martin. Pre-reformer for selective reformation of higher hydrocarbons. USP2016039287572.
  78. Pollica,Darryl; Northrop,William F.; Qi,Chunming (Frank C.); Hagan,Mark R.; Smith,Alexis; Clawson,Lawrence. Preferential oxidation reactor temperature regulation. USP2009037507384.
  79. Robb, Gary M.. Primary reactor liquid water and air injection for improved management of a fuel processor. USP2004066743410.
  80. Michael Rennie Haines NL. Producing electrical energy from natural gas using a solid oxide fuel cell. USP2002086432565.
  81. Spink, Scott A.; Lott, David R.; Wright, Matthew M.; Yemul, Dinesh S.; Fuglevand, William A.; Bayuuk, Shiblihanna I.; Duan, Runrun; Bai, Lijun. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell. USP2016039293778.
  82. Fuglevand William A. ; Bayyuk Shiblihanna I. ; Lloyd Greg Alden ; De Vries Peter David ; Lott David R. ; Scartozzi John P. ; Somers Gregory M. ; Stokes Ronald G.. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell power system. USP2000026030718.
  83. Fuglevand William A. ; Bayyuk Shiblihanna I. ; Lloyd Greg Alden ; DeVries Peter David ; Lott David R. ; Scartozzi John P. ; Somers Gregory M. ; Stokes Ronald G.. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell power system. USP2001046218035.
  84. Spink, Scott A.; Lott, David R.; Wright, Matthew M.; Ryan, Eric J.; Yemul, Dinesh S.; Fisher, John M.. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack and fuel cell stack module. USP2013128597846.
  85. Spink, Scott A.; Lott, David R.; Wright, Matthew M.; Ryan, Eric J.; Yemul, Dinesh S.; Fisher, John M.. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack and fuel cell stack module. USP2011098026020.
  86. Perry, Martin; Edmonston, David. SOFC hot box components. USP2018069991526.
  87. Perry, Martin; Kalika, Vlad; Weingaertner, David; Sundararajan, Ananda; Krishnan, Navaneetha; Basu, Nilanjana; Ramanan, Ram; Bains, Virpaul; Lyle, William David. SOFC hot box components. USP2015038968943.
  88. Perry, Martin; Krishnan, Navaneetha; Basu, Nilanjana; Ramanan, Ram. SOFC hot box components. USP2018049941525.
  89. Perry, Martin; Weingaertner, David; Basu, Nilanjana; Petrucha, Michael; Lyle, William David; Krishnan, Navaneetha; Gottmann, Matthias. SOFC hot box components. USP2017109780392.
  90. Perry, Martin; Weingaertner, David; Basu, Nilanjana; Petrucha, Michael; Lyle, William David; Krishnan, Navaneetha; Gottmann, Matthias. SOFC hot box components. USP2013108563180.
  91. Venkataraman, Swaminathan; Kalika, Vlad; Weingaertner, David. SOFC hot box components. USP2015119190673.
  92. Venkataraman, Swaminathan; Kalika, Vlad; Weingaertner, David. SOFC hot box components. USP2016129520602.
  93. Weingaertner, David; Petrucha, Michael; Perry, Martin; Edmonston, David; Bains, Virpaul; Ta, Andy; Krishnan, Navaneetha. SOFC hot box components. USP2014118877399.
  94. Sawada, James A.; Babicki, Matthew L.; Chiu, Amy; Boulet, Andre; Roy, Surajit; Rode, Edward J.. Separation of carbon dioxide from other gases. USP2010117828877.
  95. Bruce J. Clingerman ; Tien M. Doan ; Donald H. Keskula. Staged venting of fuel cell system during rapid shutdown. USP2002056395414.
  96. Keskula, Donald H.; Doan, Tien M.; Clingerman, Bruce J.. Staged venting of fuel cell system during rapid shutdown. USP2004096790548.
  97. Ballantine, Arne; Gurunathan, Ranganathan; Pmsvvsv, Prasad; Vishnuvarjula, Anilkumar. Structure and method for fuel cell system where multiple fuel cells and power electronics feed loads in parallel allowing for integrated electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). USP2016109461320.
  98. Lesieur Roger R. ; Bonville ; Jr. Leonard J. ; Garow Jay ; Corrigan Thomas J. ; Preston ; Jr. John L.. System for implementing operation and start-up of a vehicle which is powered by electricity from a fuel cell power plant. USP2001046210821.
  99. Keefer, Bowie G.; McLean, Christopher R.; Brown, Michael J.. System that includes a fuel cell and an oxygen gas delivery system. USP2010077758988.
  100. Keefer, Bowie G.; Sawada, James A.; Johannes, Erik P.; Roy, Surajit; Brown, Michael J.. Systems and processes for providing hydrogen to fuel cells. USP2010037674539.
  101. Keefer,Bowie G.; Sawada,James A.; Johannes,Erik P.; Roy,Surajit; Brown,Michael J.. Systems and processes for providing hydrogen to fuel cells. USP2006057041272.
  102. Xu, Jianguo. Use of fuel cell cathode effluent in a fuel reformer to produce hydrogen for the fuel cell anode. USP2003046551732.
  103. Gottmann, Matthias; Perry, Martin. Voltage lead jumper connected fuel cell columns. USP2015038968958.
  104. Grasso Albert P. ; Van Dine Leslie L.. Water treatment system for a fuel cell assembly. USP2001036207308.