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특허 상세정보

Emulsifiers and explosive emulsions containing same

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/2 ; 149/21 ; 149/40 ; 149/41
출원번호 US-0733068 (1991-07-17)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 6  인용 특허 : 68
초록

Emulsifiers are disclosed which comprise the reaction product of component (I) with component (II). Component (I) comprises the reaction product of certain carboxylic acids or anhydrides, or ester or amide derivatives thereof, with ammonia, at least one amine, at least one alkali and/or at least one alkaline-earth metal. Component (II) comprises certain phosphorus-containing acids; or metal salts of said phosphorus-containing acids, the metal being selected from the group consisting of magnesium, calcium, strontium, chromium, manganese, iron, molybdenum,...

대표
청구항

An explosive emulsion comprising a discontinuous oxidizer phase comprising at least one oxygen-supplying component, a continuous organic phase comprising at least one carbonaceous fuel, and an emulsifying amount of a composition comprising the reaction product of component (I) with component (II); component (I) comprising: (A) the reaction product of (A)(i) at least one hydrocarbyl-substituted carboxylic acid or anhydride or ester or amide derived from said acid or anhydride, with (A)(ii) ammonia, at least one amine, at least one alkali metal and/or at l...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (68)

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  32. Bates Andrew (West Melton AUX) Dack Stuart (Graham Roads Rosanna AUX) Yates David (East Brunswick AUX). Explosive composition. USP1988084764230.
  33. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH) Mullay John J. (Hazleton PA) Sohara Joseph A. (Whitehall PA). Explosive compositions. USP1989064840687.
  34. Binet Rejean (St. Bruno CAX) Cloutier Joseph A. R. (Montreal CAX) Edmonds Anthony C. F. (St. Hilaire CAX) Holden Harold W. (St. Hilaire CAX) McNicol Melvin A. (Otterburn Park CAX). Explosive compositions based on time-stable colloidal dispersions. USP1982114357184.
  35. Smith Jeremy G. B. (Edenvale ZAX) Dlz Arno W. (Roodepoort ZAX) Lbbe Carl H. (Johannesburg ZAX). Explosive which includes an explosive emulsion. USP1986104615751.
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  39. Davis Robert H. (Pitman NJ) Schick John W. (Cherry Hill NJ). Lubricant compositions. USP1977104053426.
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  44. Valcho Joseph J. (Naperville IL) Karll Robert E. (Batavia IL). Oil recovery and mobility control in surfactant systems using the reaction product of an alkenyl succinic anhydride and. USP1981034253974.
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  47. Schroeck Calvin W. (873 E. 331st St. Eastlake OH 44094). Phosphorus-containing metal salt/olefin compositions and reaction products of same with active sulfur. USP1985034507215.
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  59. Yorke William J. (St. Bruno de Montarville CAX) Binet Rejean (St. Bruno CAX) Lee Ming C. (Longueuil CAX) Bampfield Howard A. (Otterburn Park CAX). Water-in-oil emulsion blasting agents containing unrefined or partly refined petroleum product as fuel component. USP1983094404050.
  60. Hattori Katsuhide (Aichi JPX) Fukatsu Yoshiaki (Aichi JPX) Takahashi Masao (Aichi JPX). Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition. USP1982044326900.
  61. Hattori Katsuhide (Chita JPX) Fukatsu Yoshiaki (Chita JPX) Takahashi Masao (Chita JPX). Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition. USP1982024315787.
  62. Hattori, Katsuhide; Fukatsu, Yoshiaki; Sakai, Hiroshi. Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition. USP1985114554032.
  63. Takeuchi Fumio (Aichi JPX) Takahashi Masao (Aichi JPX). Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition. USP1983074394198.
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  65. Hattori Katsuhide (Aichi JPX) Fukatsu Yoshiaki (Aichi JPX) Takahashi Masao (Aichi JPX). Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition with imidazoline derivative emulsifier. USP1982024315784.
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