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특허 상세정보

Cross-linked emulsion explosive composition

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) D03D-023/00    D03D-043/00    B01J-013/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/46 ; 149/60 ; 149/1088 ; 524/801
출원번호 US-0183470 (1994-01-19)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 14  인용 특허 : 0
초록

This invention relates to water-in-oil emulsion explosives in which an oxidizing material is contained in the discontinuous water phase, and the continuous oil phase acts as a carbonaceous fuel. More particularly, this invention relates to such explosives in which polyfunctional carboxylic acids, sulfonic acids, or phosphorous-containing acids, soluble in the oil phase, are caused to cross-link using an inorganic cross-linker, thereby causing the viscosity of the emulsion to increase.

대표
청구항

An explosive emulsion comprising: (A) a discontinuous aqueous oxidizer phase comprising at least one oxygen-containing component, (B) a continuous organic phase which comprises at least one carbonaceous fuel, (C) an emulsifying amount of an emulsifier suitable for forming a water-in-oil emulsion, (D) an oil-soluble polyfunctional acidic material suitable for cross-linking, and (E) a suitable polyvalent inorganic cross-linking agent, provided that the emulsifier, component (C), may serve as the poly-functional acid suitable for cross-linking.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 14

  1. Kresnyak, Steve; Bunio, Gary. Carbon dioxide enriched flue gas injection for hydrocarbon recovery. USP2010087770640.
  2. Clark Peter David,CAX. Desulfurization process. USP1998115837131.
  3. Arthur, Jordan; Hunsaker, Scott; Lovell, Verlene; McKenzie, Lee F.. Explosive compositions and related methods. USP20181010087117.
  4. Kresnyak,Steve; Bunio,Gary. Flue gas injection for heavy oil recovery. USP2008037341102.
  5. Goerz, Jr., David J.. Hybrid fuel and method of making the same. USP2016119493709.
  6. Kresnyak,Steve; Warchol,Edward. Method for converting heavy oil residuum to a useful fuel. USP2007107279017.
  7. Alilovic, Ivana; Reckzin, Earl. Method of gassing emulsion explosives and explosives produced thereby. USP2005026855219.
  8. Filippini, Brian B.; Lange, Richard M.; Grisso, Bryan A.; Hird, Bryn. Partially dehydrated reaction product process for making same, and emulsion containing same. USP2004086780209.
  9. Filippini,Brian B.; Lange,Richard M.; Grisso,Bryan A.; Hird,Bryn. Partially dehydrated reaction product, process for making same, and emulsion containing same. USP2006057044988.
  10. Marlow Jill M. ; Bush James H.. Thickened emulsion compositions for use as propellants and explosives. USP1999085936194.
  11. Pollack, Robert A.. Thickened water in oil emulsion composition. USP2005096939420.
  12. Guillermo Silva CA. Ultra low density explosive composition. USP2002076425965.
  13. Blomquist Harold R.. Vehicle occupant protection device and solid solution gas generating composition therefor. USP2001056231701.
  14. Aubrun Sonneville,Odile; Simonnet,Jean Thierry. Water-in-oil emulsion and its use as a cosmetic. USP2006127153498.