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특허 상세정보

Gas generant compositions

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 102/287 ; 102/290 ; 86/11
출원번호 US-0310019 (1994-09-21)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 35  인용 특허 : 0
초록

A gas generant composition contains as a fuel a mixture of a major portion of a triazole or tetrazole and a minor portion of a water soluble fuel; and an oxidizer component, at least 20 wt % of said oxidizer component being a transition metal oxide, such as CuO. Generant compositions in accordance with the invention autoignite in a range around 170°C., providing autoignition of the generant without the need for separate autoignition devices. Also, the generant compositions are useful as autoignition pyrotechnic in autoignition devices.

대표
청구항

A method of producing high volumes of gas to an automotive airbag during a vehicular collision and also provide for generation of high volumes of gas during vehicular fire conditions, the method comprising providing an inflator unit comprising a housing, gas generant contained within said housing, means for igniting said gas generant during a vehicular collision, and means to vent gases generated by gas generant combustion to the airbag, said gas generant comprising between about 20 and about 40 wt % of fuel, said fuel comprising a tetrazole and/or triaz...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 35

  1. Mossi G. Dean ; Dahl Kim V.. Adaptive output inflator. USP2000036032979.
  2. Mossi G. Dean ; Dahl Kim V.. Adaptive output inflator. USP2001026189927.
  3. Yoshida Tadao,JPX. Air bag gas generating composition. USP1999045898126.
  4. David Whang ; Yuichi Nanbu JP; David McCormick. Airbag device. USP2002096454299.
  5. Timothy A. Swann. Autoignition material additive. USP2002116485588.
  6. Jordan Michael P. (South Weber UT) Cox Matthew A. (Bountiful UT) Ward Alan J. (North Ogden UT). Automotive airbags containing eliminators of undesirable gases. USP1997115685562.
  7. Zeuner Siegfried,DEX ; Hofmann Achim,DEX ; Schropp Roland,DEX ; Rodig Karl-Heinz,DEX. Azide-free gas-producing composition. USP2000106132537.
  8. Scheffee Robert S.. Dual level gas generator. USP2000096116641.
  9. Villarreal, James K.; Deppert, Thomas M.; Langhenry, Mark T.; Summers, Matt H.. Electrically controlled variable force deployment airbag and inflation. USP2016109457761.
  10. Loehr, Richard D.; Villarreal, James K.. Electrically operated propellants with elevated self-sustaining threshold pressures. USP20190310220809.
  11. Scheffee Robert S. ; Wheatley Brian K.. Eutectic mixtures of ammonium nitrate, guanidine nitrate and potassium perchlorate. USP1998125850053.
  12. Wheatley Brian K.. GN, AGN and KP gas generator composition. USP1999125997666.
  13. Matsuda Naoki,JPX ; Hirata Norimasa,JPX ; Iyoshi Shuzo,JPX. Gas generant composition. USP2000116149745.
  14. Matsuda Naoki,JPX ; Hirata Norimasa,JPX ; Iyoshi Shuzo,JPX. Gas generant composition. USP1998075780767.
  15. Barnes Michael W. (Brigham City UT) Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT). Gas generant compositions containing amine nitrates plus basic copper (II) nitrate and/or cobalt(III) triammine trinitra. USP1997035608183.
  16. Hordos, Deborah L.; Ganta, Sudhakar R.; Williams, Graylon K.; Burns, Sean P.. Gas generating compositions with auto-ignition function. USP2012098273199.
  17. Reichtalhammer Georg,DEX ; Sommer Karl-Heinz,DEX. Gas generator. USP2001026189925.
  18. Tomiyama Shogo,JPX. Gas generator for air bag and air bag system. USP2001016170869.
  19. Tokuda Masakazu,JPX ; Ogawa Akihisa,JPX. Gas producer for air bag. USP2001086273464.
  20. Barnes Michael W. (Brigham City UT) Harris Bradley D. (Farmington UT) Johnson Darrin L. (Uintah Highlands UT). Hydroxylammonium nitrate/water/self-deflagrating fuels as gas generating pyrotechnics for use in automotive passive rest. USP1997115684269.
  21. Canterberry J B ; Schlueter Samuel Steven ; Adams John Herman ; Walsh Robert Keith. Ignition enhancer composition for an airbag inflator. USP2001046214138.
  22. J B Canterberry ; Samuel Steven Schlueter ; John Herman Adams ; Robert Keith Walsh. Inflator. USP2002126487974.
  23. Hamilton, Brian K.. Low firing energy initiator pyrotechnic mixture. USP2004036709537.
  24. Hamilton, Brian K.. Low firing energy initiator pyrotechnic mixture. USP2004076758922.
  25. Knowlton, Gregory D.; Ludwig, Christopher P.. Low temperature autoignition composition. USP2004066749702.
  26. Tomiyama Shogo,JPX. Method of making gas generator for air bag. USP2001126324760.
  27. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P.. Method of safely initiating combustion of a gas generant composition using an autoignition composition. USP1998045739460.
  28. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Scheffee Robert S. ; Luke Daniel S.. Nonazide ammonium nitrate based gas generant compositions that burn at ambient pressure. USP2000016017404.
  29. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Scheffee Robert S. ; Luke Daniel S.. Nonazide ammonium nitrate based gas generant compositions that burn at ambient pressure. USP2000096123790.
  30. Hock Christopher. Plural stage inflator. USP2001026189924.
  31. Scheffee Robert S. ; Wheatley Brian K.. Preparation of eutectic mixtures of ammonium nitrate and amino guanidine nitrate. USP2000066073438.
  32. Ochi Koji (Aichi-Ken JPX) Narita Kazuyuki (Aichi-Ken JPX) Matsuda Kazunori (Aichi-Ken JPX) Asano Nobukazu (Handa JPX). Process for manufacturing a gas generator composition. USP1996105563367.
  33. Scheffee Robert S. ; Thibodeau Robert Lee ; Wheatley Brian K.. Pyrotechnic method of generating a particulate-free, non-toxic odorless and colorless gas. USP1998055747730.
  34. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.. Substituted basic metal nitrates in gas generation. USP2005106958101.
  35. Klaus Redecker DE; Waldemar Weuter DE; Ulrich Bley DE; Dagmar Schmittner DE. Temperature fuse with lower detonation point. USP2002096453816.