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특허 상세정보

Anhydrous 5-aminotetrazole gas generant compositions and methods of preparation

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/10   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/191 ; 149/61 ; 149/70 ; 149/77
출원번호 US-0437867 (1995-05-09)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 22  인용 특허 : 0
초록

A solid composition for generating a nitrogen containing gas is provided. The composition includes an oxidizer and a 5-aminotetrazole fuel selected from anhydrous 5-aminotetrazole derivatives, salts, complexes, and mixtures thereof. The salts and complexes are generally metal salts and complexes. The metal can be a transition metal. Metals that have been found to be particularly useful include copper, boron, cobalt, zinc, potassium, sodium, and strontium. The oxidizer is generally a metal oxide or a metal hydroxide. The composition can include certain ot...

대표
청구항

A gas generating composition comprising a fuel selected from the group consisting of anhydrous 5-aminotetrazole, anhydrous salts thereof, anhydrous complexes thereof, and mixtures thereof, and an oxidizer, said oxidizer being selected from the group consisting of metal oxides, metal hydroxides, metal nitrates, metal nitrites, metal chlorates, metal perchlorates, metal peroxides, ammonium nitrate, ammonium perchlorate, and mixtures thereof.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 22

  1. Wayne C. Fleming ; Hugh J. McSpadden ; Donald E. Olander. Ammonium nitrate propellants. USP2002046364975.
  2. Fleming, Wayne C.; McSpadden, Hugh J.; Olander, Donald E.. Ammonium nitrate propellants and methods for preparing the same. USP2005076913661.
  3. Burns Sean P. ; Moquin Larry A.. Autoignition compositions for inflator gas generators. USP1999126007647.
  4. Yoshida Tadao,JPX. Azodicarbonamide containing gas generating composition. USP1999035883330.
  5. Stiles, Stephen N.; McCool, Paul R.. Ballistic modification and solventless double base propellant, and process thereof. USP2014098828161.
  6. Zhou, Xingxi; Matsuoka, Kazuyuki; Wu, Jianzhou; Yamato, Yo; Takahori, Takeshi; Yamazaki, Kaoru. Basic metal nitrate, process for producing the same and gas generating agent composition. USP2013128613821.
  7. Cabrera Raul ; Grzelczyk Cezary. Gas generant compositions containing guanidines. USP1999115985060.
  8. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Begin Laurence C.. Gas generants comprising transition metal nitrite complexes. USP2000066077371.
  9. Wu, Jianzhou. Gas generating composition. USP2005116964716.
  10. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P.. Gas generating compositions. USP2001056235132.
  11. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P. ; Haun Daniel. Gas generating compositions. USP1998075780768.
  12. Knowlton, Gregory D.; Ludwig, Christopher P.; Haun, Daniel V.. Gas generating compositions. USP2005036860951.
  13. Eiichiro Yoshikawa JP; Ryo Minoguchi JP; Akihiko Kuroiwa JP; Takeshi Kanda JP; Kenjiro Ikeda JP; Makoto Iwasaki JP; Akihiko Tanaka JP; Eishi Sato JP; Dairi Kubo JP; Kaoru Masuda JP; Moriyos. Gas-generating agent for air bag. USP2002076416599.
  14. Barnes Michael W. (Brigham City UT) Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT). Hydrogen-less, non-azide gas generants. USP1997055629494.
  15. Butt Ron J. ; Boehmer Eldron L.. Iron oxide as a coolant and residue former in an organic propellant. USP1998105817972.
  16. Phillips, Scott E.; Tredwell, Timothy J.; Tutt, Lee W.; Pearce, Glenn T.; Nguyen, Kelvin; Wexler, Ronald M.. Laser ablation resist. USP2011017867688.
  17. Wood James C. ; Wood Ernest H.. Metal oxide-free 5-aminotetrazole-based gas generating composition. USP2001126328830.
  18. Fleming Wayne C. ; McSpadden Hugh J. ; Olander Donald E.. Methods for preparing age-stabilized propellant compositions. USP2000056059906.
  19. Williams, Graylon K.; Burns, Sean P.; Halpin, Jeffrey W.; Khandhadia, Paresh S.. Nonazide gas generant compositions. USP2005056887326.
  20. Fleming, Wayne C.; McSpadden, Hugh J.; Olander, Donald E.. Preparation of strengthened ammonium nitrate propellants. USP2004046726788.
  21. Zevenbergen, John Franciscus; Webb, Rutger; Van Rooijen, Murk Pieter. Pyrotechnic colour composition. USP2012038142581.
  22. Khandhadia Paresh S. ; Burns Sean P.. Thermally stable nonazide automotive airbag propellants. USP2001106306232.