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특허 상세정보

Bimodal emulsion and its method of preparation

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) B01J-013/00    C10L-001/32    F17D-001/17   
미국특허분류(USC) 252/314 ; 44/301 ; 252/312
출원번호 US-0396751 (1995-03-01)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 33  인용 특허 : 0
초록

A stable, low viscosity bimodal oil in water emulsion having an emulsifier, a continuous water phase and a discontinuous oil phase having an oil:water ratio of from about 70:30 to about 85:15 by weight, the discontinuous oil phase being characterized by two distinct oil droplet sizes DL and DS wherein DL is about 10 to 40 microns and DS is less than or equal to 5 microns, the ratio of DL/DS is greater than or equal to 4 and about 45 to 85% by weight of the oil is in oil droplet size DL.

대표
청구항

The method of preparing a stable, low viscosity bimodal oil in water emulsion whose viscosity does not age with time wherein the emulsion has an oil:water ratio of from about 70:30 to about 85:15 by weight wherein the discontinuous phase is characterized by viscous hydrocarbon having a viscosity over 5000 cps at 30°C. and/sec-1 comprising: (a) providing a feedstock of water free viscous hydrocarbon with a salt content less than or equal to 40 ppm; (b) preparing separately two oil in water emulsions wherein a first oil in water emulsion has a dispersed ph...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 33

  1. Filippini, Brian B.; Forsberg, John W.; Steckel, Thomas F.; Moreton, David J.; McAtee, Rodney J.. Amino alkylphenol emulsifiers for an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel. USP2005076913630.
  2. Gunnerman Rudolf W.. Aqueous emulsion fuels from petroleum residuum-based fuel oils. USP2001026187063.
  3. Kresnyak, Steve; Bunio, Gary. Carbon dioxide enriched flue gas injection for hydrocarbon recovery. USP2010087770640.
  4. Langer, Deborah A.; Mullay, John J.; Fakult, Jennifer N.; Daves, Harshida C.; Skoch, William E.; Westfall, David L.. Concentrated emulsion for making an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel. USP2003116652607.
  5. Langer, Deborah A.; Westfall, David L.; Skoch, William E.; Mullay, John J.. Continuous process for making an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel. USP2003036530964.
  6. Westfall, David L.; Mullay, John J.; Rowan, Stephen P.. Continuous process for making an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel emulsions. USP2004126827749.
  7. Langer,Deborah A.; Bardasz,Ewa A.; Abraham,William D.. Emulsified fuels and engine oil synergy. USP2008087413583.
  8. Daly Daniel T. ; Mullay John J. ; Schiferl Elizabeth A. ; Langer Deborah A. ; Westfall David L. ; Dave Harshida ; Filippini Brian B. ; Abraham William D.. Emulsified water-blended fuel compositions. USP2001086280485.
  9. Daly, Daniel T.; Mullay, John J.; Schiferl, Elizabeth A.. Emulsified water-blended fuel compositions. USP2005026858046.
  10. Daly, Daniel T.; Mullay, John J.; Schiferl, Elizabeth A.. Emulsified water-blended fuel compositions. USP2003116648929.
  11. Claire L. Thompson GB; Douglas M. Barr GB. Emulsifier for an acqueous hydrocarbon fuel. USP2002076419714.
  12. Layrisse Ignacio A.,VEX ; Romero Nilia C,VEX ; Nunez Gustavo A.,VEX. Emulsion with coke additive in hydrocarbon phase and process for preparing same. USP2000056069178.
  13. Hotto, Robert. Enhanced efficiency turbine. USP2015069059440.
  14. Hotto, Robert. Enhanced efficiency turbine. USP2010107818969.
  15. Kresnyak,Steve; Bunio,Gary. Flue gas injection for heavy oil recovery. USP2008037341102.
  16. Cemenska Richard A. ; Coleman Gerald N. ; Cortes Carlos H. ; Jakush Ed ; Scheuermann Ted. W.. Fuel emulsion blending system. USP1999025873916.
  17. Richard A. Cemenska ; Gerald N. Coleman ; Ted W. Scheuermann. Fuel emulsion blending system. USP2002096447556.
  18. N?{overscore (n)}ez, Gustavo A; Mata, Clara E; Blanco, Carolina; Chirinos, Manuel Segundo; S?nchez, Gerardo Alonso; Colmenares, Tulio Rafael; Rivas, Hercilio Jose; Silva, Felix Abraham. Manufacture of stable bimodal emulsions using dynamic mixing. USP2005066903138.
  19. Kresnyak,Steve; Warchol,Edward. Method for converting heavy oil residuum to a useful fuel. USP2007107279017.
  20. Rivas Hercilio,VEX ; Gutierrez Xiomara,VEX ; Cardenas Antonio E.,VEX ; Morles Amanda,VEX. Natural surfactant with amines and ethoxylated alcohol. USP1998085792223.
  21. Gurfinkel Castillo, Mariano E; Marruffo Rodriguez, Franzo Agustin; Chirinos, Manuel Segundo; Silva, Felix Abraham; Padron, Gustavo; Nunez, Gustavo A; Mata, Clara E.; Blanco, Carolina. Preparation of stable emulsion using dynamic or static mixers. USP2004016677387.
  22. Deborah A. Langer ; David L. Westfall ; Morris E. Smith ; Robert T. Graf ; Harshida Dave ; John J. Mullay ; Daniel T. Daly ; Elizabeth A. Schiferl. Process and apparatus for making aqueous hydrocarbon fuel compositions, and aqueous hydrocarbon fuel composition. USP2002046368366.
  23. Deborah A. Langer ; David L. Westfall ; Morris E. Smith ; Robert T. Graf ; Harshida Dave ; John J. Mullay ; Daniel T. Daly ; Elizabeth A. Schiferl ; Brian B. Filippini ; William D. Abraham. Process and apparatus for making aqueous hydrocarbon fuel compositions, and aqueous hydrocarbon fuel composition. USP2002046368367.
  24. N?{overscore (n)}ez, Gustavo A; Mata, Clara E; Blanco, Carolina. Process for preparing solutions with additives and surfactants. USP2005076919381.
  25. Brown, Kevin F.; Langer, Deborah A.; Duncan, David A.. Process for reducing pollutants from the exhaust of a diesel engine. USP2005096949235.
  26. Brown, Kevin Francis; Langer, Deborah Ann; Duncan, David. Process for reducing pollutants from the exhaust of a diesel engine. USP2003086606856.
  27. Brown,Kevin Francis; Langer,Deborah Ann; Duncan,David. Process for reducing pollutants from the exhaust of a diesel engine. USP2006047028468.
  28. Brown, Kevin F.; Tadrous, Ted N.; Langer, Deborah A.; Duncan, David A.. Process for reducing pollutants from the exhaust of a diesel engine using a water diesel fuel in combination with exhaust after-treatments. USP2004046725653.
  29. Johnson Keith H. ; Zhang Bin. Stabilized water nanocluster-fuel emulsions designed through quantum chemistry. USP1999125997590.
  30. Ahern Brian S. ; Haldeman Charles W. ; Preston John T.. Sub-critical water-fuel composition and combustion system. USP2001066240883.
  31. Brian S. Ahern ; Charles W. Haldeman ; John T. Preston. Sub-critical water-fuel composition and combustion system. USP2002126487994.
  32. Haldeman Charles W. ; Ahern Brian S. ; Johnson Keith H.. Supercritical water fuel composition and combustion system. USP2000016010544.
  33. Johnson Keith H. ; Zhang Bin ; Clark Harry C.. Water clusters and uses therefor. USP1998095800576.