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특허 상세정보

Metal complexes for use as gas generants

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06D-005/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 60/205 ; 149/36 ; 149/45 ; 149/46
출원번호 US-0599634 (1996-02-09)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 29  인용 특허 : 102
초록

Gas generating compositions and methods for their use are provided. Metal complexes are used as gas generating compositions. These complexes are comprised of a cationic metal template, sufficient oxidizing anion to balance the charge of the complex, and a neutral ligand containing hydrogen and nitrogen. The complexes are formulated such that when the complex combusts nitrogen gas and water vapor is produced. Specific examples of such complexes include metal nitrite ammine, metal nitrate ammine, and metal perchlorate ammine complexes, as well as hydrazine...

대표
청구항

A method for inflating an inflatable air bag which comprises the steps of: generating substantially non-toxic gas consisting essentially of nitrogen gas and water vapor by combusting an at least essentially azide-free composition adapted for generating gas for use in inflating an air bag which comprises a metal ammine complex having a metal cation of a transition metal or an alkaline earth metal, sufficient oxidizing anion to balance the charge of the complex, and a neutral ligand comprising ammonia; and inflating said air bag using said gas.

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (102)

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  2. Barnes, Michael W.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.. Alkali metal perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2012018101033.
  3. Barnes,Michael W.; Mendenhall,Ivan V.; Taylor,Robert D.. Ammonium perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2006127147733.
  4. Zeuner Siegfried,DEX ; Hofmann Achim,DEX ; Schropp Roland,DEX ; Rodig Karl-Heinz,DEX. Azide-free gas-producing composition. USP2000106132537.
  5. Barnes Michael W. ; Swanson Kristy Woodward ; Hock Christopher. Gas forming igniter composition for a gas generant. USP2000106132480.
  6. Wu Jianzhou,JPX ; Hirata Norimasa,JPX ; Yokoyama Takushi,JPX. Gas generant. USP2000106136224.
  7. Wu Jianzhou,JPX ; Hirata Norimasa,JPX ; Yokoyama Takushi,JPX. Gas generant. USP2000066073962.
  8. Lundstrom Norman H.. Gas generant complex oxidizers. USP1999105962808.
  9. Taylor, Robert D.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Parkinson, David W.. Gas generant compositions containing copper ethylenediamine dinitrate. USP2003076592691.
  10. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Gas generant manufacture. USP2002086436211.
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  12. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Begin Laurence C.. Gas generants comprising transition metal nitrite complexes. USP2000066077371.
  13. Bucerius Klaus Martin (Karlsruhe DEX) Eisenreich Norbert (Pfinztal DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walter (Woschbach DEX). Gas generating mixture containing copper diammine dinitrate. USP1997095663524.
  14. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.; Parkinson, David W.; Smith, Robert G.; Rink, Karl K.. Gas generation with reduced NOx formation. USP2004016673173.
  15. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Taylor Robert D. ; Barnes Michael W.. High gas yield generant compositions. USP2000106132538.
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  17. Canterberry J B ; Schlueter Samuel Steven ; Adams John Herman ; Walsh Robert Keith. Ignition enhancer composition for an airbag inflator. USP2001046214138.
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