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특허 상세정보

Eutectic mixtures of ammonium nitrate and amino guanidine nitrate

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/10    C06B-031/32    C06B-031/12   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/019.91 ; 149/047 ; 149/062
출원번호 US-0508350 (1995-07-28)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Lowe, Price, LeBlanc & Becker
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 18  인용 특허 : 15
초록

A eutectic solution of ammonium nitrate and either aminoguanidine nitrate (AGN) or guanidine nitrate (AN) in the form of a present pellet is used to generate a particulate-free, non-toxic, odorless and colorless gas that is useful wherever an immediate source of such gas is required, such as the inflation of an occupant restraint air bag. The use of the material in the form of a eutectic totally eliminates pellet cracking. Moreover, the addition of a minor amount of potassium nitrate to the eutectic solution eliminates the ammonium nitrate phase change d...

대표
청구항

[ We claim:] [1.] A composition for generating a substantially particulate-free, non-toxic, odorless and colorless gas comprising:a eutectic solution of ammonium nitrate and either aminoguanidine nitrate or guanidine nitrate, together with a minor amount of potassium nitrate, a polyvinyl alcohol binder and an optional amount of zinc oxide.

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (15)

  1. Sumrail Theodore S. (Huntsville AL) Graham William H. (Huntsville AL) Rector Carl M. (Elora TN) Reed Joey M. (Huntsville AL). Aluminized eutectic bonded insensitive high explosive. USP1995055411615.
  2. Jessop Harvey A. (Lehi UT) Abegg M. Taylor (Salt Lake City UT) Peterson John A. (Brigham City UT) Butler Jay W. (Bountiful UT) McCormick Ronald F. (Wilmslow GB2) Lavery Ormond F. (personal representa. Eutectic microknit composite explosives and processes for making same. USP1986074600452.
  3. Klunsch Maximilian (Opladen DT) Lingens Paul (Leverkusen DT) Ratz Heinz (Bonn-Ippendorf DT). Explosive composition and eutectic mixture therefor. USP1976123996078.
  4. Ramnarace ; Jawaharlal. Gas generator propellants. USP1978094111728.
  5. Abegg M. Taylor (Salt Lake City UT) Peterson John A. (Brigham City UT). Microcellular composite energetic materials and method for making same. USP1986124632714.
  6. Oberth Adolf E. (Fair Oaks CA). Phase-stabilization of ammonium nitrate by zinc diammine complexes. USP1991125071630.
  7. Highsmith Thomas K. (North Ogden UT) Hinshaw Carol J. (Pleasant View UT) Wardle Robert B. (Logan UT). Phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate and method of making same. USP1994035292387.
  8. Katzakian Arthur (Elk Grove CA) Grix Charles (Sacramento CA) Clark George M. (Orangevale CA). Preparing solid energetic compositions from coated particles and liquid oxidizers. USP1995095451277.
  9. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Process for preparing azide-free gas generant composition. USP1996075531941.
  10. Canterberry J. B. (Taft TN) Flanigan David A. (Ogden UT). Rapid burning propellant charge for automobile air bag inflators, rocket motors, and igniters therefor. USP1991065024160.
  11. Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH) Jahnke Richard W. (Mentor OH) Lange Richard M. (Euclid OH) DeTar Marvin B. (Wickliffe OH). Salt compositions and concentrates for use in explosive emulsions. USP1994085336439.
  12. Cooper John (Alloway GB6) Mumme-Young Colin A. (Tarvin GB2) Reid David S. (Kilwinning GB2). Solid explosive composition. USP1988024722757.
  13. Chang Marguerite S. (Forest Heights MD) Highby John H. (Indian Head MD) Mackenzie Gerald L. (Port Tobacco MD). Solid gas generating and gun propellant composition containing triaminoguanidine nitrate and synthetic polymer binder. USP1976053954528.
  14. Bender Richard (Lauf DEX). Stabilized propellant composition for the generation of nontoxic propellant gases. USP1991014981536.
  15. Ludwig Christopher P. (4038 Normanwood West Bloomfield MI 48323). Vehicle airbag inflator and related method. USP1996095551725.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 18

  1. Robert D. Taylor ; Ivan V. Mendenhall. Burn rate-enhanced high gas yield non-azide gas generants. USP2002056383318.
  2. Taylor Robert D. ; Mendenhall Ivan V.. Burn rate-enhanced high gas yield non-azide gas generants. USP2000086103030.
  3. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Gas generant manufacture. USP2002086436211.
  4. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Smith Robert G. ; Taylor Robert D.. Gas generant manufacture. USP2001056224697.
  5. Brian K. Wheatley ; James D. Martin ; Robert D. Lynch. Gas generating composition. USP2002016340401.
  6. Wheatley Brian K. ; Martin James D. ; Lynch Robert D.. Gas generating composition. USP2000106136113.
  7. Canterberry J B ; Schlueter Samuel Steven ; Adams John Herman ; Walsh Robert Keith. Gas generating compositions containing phase stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP2000026019861.
  8. Duvacquier, Daniel; Lelievre, Xavier; Patton, Yvonnig; Peremarty, François. Gas generation for a safety device, the charge of which is initiated by a heat-generating means. USP2014048708367.
  9. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Taylor Robert D. ; Barnes Michael W.. High gas yield generant compositions. USP2000106132538.
  10. Wheatley Brian K.. Metal oxide containing gas generating composition. USP2001086274064.
  11. Wheatley Brian K.. Metal oxide containing gas generating composition. USP2000126156230.
  12. Hamilton Brian K.. Method for making a propellant having a relatively low burn rate exponent and high gas yield for use in a vehicle inflator. USP2001116315930.
  13. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Scheffee Robert S. ; Luke Daniel S.. Nonazide ammonium nitrate based gas generant compositions that burn at ambient pressure. USP2000016017404.
  14. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Scheffee Robert S. ; Luke Daniel S.. Nonazide ammonium nitrate based gas generant compositions that burn at ambient pressure. USP2000096123790.
  15. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Phase stabilized ammonium nitrate and method of making the same. USP2002046372191.
  16. Hamilton, Brian K.. Phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP2005036872265.
  17. Scheffee Robert S. ; Wheatley Brian K.. Preparation of eutectic mixtures of ammonium nitrate and amino guanidine nitrate. USP2000066073438.
  18. Brian K. Hamilton ; Paul Harrington. Propellant compositions for gas generating apparatus. USP2002016334917.