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특허 상세정보

Pyrotechnic method of generating a particulate-free, non-toxic odorless and colorless gas

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-031/32    C06B-021/00    B60R-021/28   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/047 ; 149/019.91 ; 60/205 ; 264/031 ; 280/741
출원번호 US-0663009 (1996-06-07)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Lowe, Price, LeBlanc & Becker
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 25  인용 특허 : 9
초록

An essentially particulate-free, non-toxic, odorless and colorless gas is generated in a pyrotechnic inflator device by using a eutectic solution of ammonium nitrate, guanidine nitrate and/or aminoguanidine nitrate, and minor amounts of polyvinyl alcohol and either potassium nitrate or potassium perchlorate. Ballistic modifiers such as triaminoguanidine nitrate (TAGN) or nitroguanidine (NQ) may be used as needed.

대표
청구항

[ We claim:] [1.] A pyrotechnic method of generating an essentially particulate-free, non-toxic, odorless and colorless gas comprising the steps:a) providing a gas generator having an enclosed chamber with exit ports,b) disposing within said chamber, a solid eutectic propellant solution comprising gas-generative effective amounts of ammonium nitrate (AN) and at least one of aminoguanidine nitrate (AGN) and guanidine nitrate (GN), and effective stabilizing amounts of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and either potassium nitrate (KN) or potassium perchlorate (KP) a...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 25

  1. Robert D. Taylor ; Ivan V. Mendenhall. Burn rate-enhanced high gas yield non-azide gas generants. USP2002056383318.
  2. Taylor Robert D. ; Mendenhall Ivan V.. Burn rate-enhanced high gas yield non-azide gas generants. USP2000086103030.
  3. Hamilton Brian K.. Dispensing fibrous cellulose material. USP2000096120626.
  4. Rink, Karl K.; Green, David J.; Young, Anthony M.. Elongated inflator device and method of gas production. USP2004066755438.
  5. Williams Edna M. ; Wheatley Brian K. ; Neidert Jamie B. ; Lynch Robert D. ; Martin James D.. Fire suppressant. USP2000046045726.
  6. Scheffee Robert S. ; Neidert Jamie B. ; Black ; III Robert E. ; Lynch Robert D. ; Martin James D.. Fire suppressant compositions. USP2001086277296.
  7. Wheatley Brian K.. GN, AGN and KP gas generator composition. USP1999125997666.
  8. Wheatley, Brian K.; Greso, Aaron J.; Lundstrom, Norman H.. Gas generant compositions exhibiting low autoignition temperatures and methods of generating gases therefrom. USP2004016673172.
  9. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Gas generant manufacture. USP2002086436211.
  10. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Smith Robert G. ; Taylor Robert D.. Gas generant manufacture. USP2001056224697.
  11. Hamilton Brian K. ; Harrington Paul ; Kafadar Charles B.. Gas generating apparatus. USP2001016176517.
  12. Brian K. Wheatley ; James D. Martin ; Robert D. Lynch. Gas generating composition. USP2002016340401.
  13. Wheatley Brian K. ; Martin James D. ; Lynch Robert D.. Gas generating composition. USP2000106136113.
  14. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Taylor Robert D. ; Barnes Michael W.. High gas yield generant compositions. USP2000106132538.
  15. Robinette, Bryce; Clark, Ken. Inflator for an airbag. USP2011027883108.
  16. Hamilton Brian K.. Method for making a propellant having a relatively low burn rate exponent and high gas yield for use in a vehicle inflator. USP2001116315930.
  17. Canterberry, J B; Schmidt, Mark A.; Hosey, Edward O.; Walsh, Robert K.; Adams, John H.. Method of stabilizing the density of gas generant pellets containing nitroguanidine. USP2005056887325.
  18. Canterberry, J. B.; Schmidt, Mark A.; Hosey, Edward O.; Walsh, Robert K.; Adams, John H.. Method of stabilizing the density of gas generant pellets containing nitroguanidine. USP2003046547900.
  19. Zeuner, Siegfried; Schropp, Roland; Hofmann, Achim; R?dig, Karl-Heinz. Nitrocellulose-free gas-generating composition. USP2005056893517.
  20. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Phase stabilized ammonium nitrate and method of making the same. USP2002046372191.
  21. Hamilton, Brian K.. Phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP2005036872265.
  22. Scheffee Robert S. ; Wheatley Brian K.. Preparation of eutectic mixtures of ammonium nitrate and amino guanidine nitrate. USP2000066073438.
  23. Brian K. Hamilton ; Paul Harrington. Propellant compositions for gas generating apparatus. USP2002016334917.
  24. Blomquist Harold R.. Smokeless gas generating material. USP2001056238500.
  25. Michael J. Lanowy ; Kenneth G. Sharpe ; David A. Lussier ; Daniel M. Godfrey ; Mark A. Rodrigues ; Gary R. Berlam. Torpedo launch mechanism and method. USP2002076418870.