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특허 상세정보

Gas generating compositions

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-042/08    C06B-031/00    C06B-031/12    C06B-029/16   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/036 ; 149/045 ; 149/062 ; 149/078 ; 149/083 ; 149/076 ; 149/092
출원번호 US-0706198 (1996-08-30)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Pennie & Edmonds LLP
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 53  인용 특허 : 18
초록

A low-solids gas generating composition, comprising a mixture of a fuel selected for the group consisting of guanidine nitrate, nitroguanidine, cellulose, cellulose acetate, hexamine, and mixtures thereof, and an oxidizer selected from the group consisting of ceric ammonium nitrate, lithium nitrate, lithium perchlorate, sodium perchlorate, phase stabilized ammonium nitrate, a combination of ammonium nitrate with potassium nitrate, potassium perchlorate, or mixtures thereof, such that the combination is a solid solution, a mixture of ammonium perchlorate ...

대표
청구항

[ We claim:] [1.] A low-solids gas generating composition, comprising a mixture of a fuel selected for the group consisting of guanidine nitrate, nitroguanidine, and mixtures thereof, and an oxidizer selected from the group consisting of ceric ammonium nitrate, lithium nitrate, lithium perchlorate, sodium perchlorate, a mixture of ammonium perchlorate and at least one alkali metal salt, and mixtures thereof, wherein the oxidizer-fuel mixture is within about 4 percent of stoichiometric balance, and produces no more than about 30 percent solids on combusti...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (18)

  1. Sumrail Theodore S. (Huntsville AL) Graham William H. (Huntsville AL) Rector Carl M. (Elora TN) Reed Joey M. (Huntsville AL). Aluminized eutectic bonded insensitive high explosive. USP1995055411615.
  2. Lund Gary K. (Malad ID) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT). Anhydrous 5-aminotetrazole gas generant compositions and methods of preparation. USP1996035500059.
  3. Doll Dan W. (North Ogden UT) Wallace ; II Ingvar A. (Brigham City UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT). Borohydride fuels in gas generant compositions. USP1995035401340.
  4. Cuevas Jess (Scottsdale AZ). Filter assembly for non-welded inflator device. USP1989094865635.
  5. Henry ; III Guy H. (Centralia IL) Solverson Matthew S. (Carbondale IL). Gas generating propellant. USP1996075538567.
  6. Winston Anthony (East Brunswick NJ) Marder Herman (Red Bank NJ) Sorenson Wayne (Belle Mead NJ). Hydrogen peroxide-releasing tooth powder. USP1989034812308.
  7. Cuevas Jess (Scottsdale AZ). Lightweight non-welded gas generator with rolled spun lip. USP1990034907819.
  8. Cuevas Jess (Scottsdale AZ). Lightweight non-welded inflator unit for automobile airbags. USP1990054923212.
  9. Pietz John F. (Mesa AZ). Method and composition for generating nitrogen gas. USP198801RE32584.
  10. Abegg M. Taylor (Salt Lake City UT) Peterson John A. (Brigham City UT). Microcellular composite energetic materials and method for making same. USP1986124632714.
  11. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT). Preparation of anhydrous tetrazole gas generant compositions. USP1996035501823.
  12. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Process for preparing azide-free gas generant composition. USP1996075531941.
  13. Goudy ; Jr. Paul R. (Bayside WI) Cassedy Linn W. (Roselle IL) Whitaker Thomas S. (Bartlett IL). Tablet granulation. USP1987064673527.
  14. Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1997065641938.
  15. Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1996085545272.
  16. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT). Thermite compositions for use as gas generants. USP1995085439537.
  17. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT). Thermite compositions for use as gas generants comprising basic metal carbonates and/or basic metal nitrates. USP1995075429691.
  18. Ludwig Christopher P. (4038 Normanwood West Bloomfield MI 48323). Vehicle airbag inflator and related method. USP1996095551725.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 53

  1. Iwai, Yasunori; Nakashima, Yoshihiro; Katsuda, Nobuyuki; Yamazaki, Masayuki; Oda, Shingo. Airbag gas generator and an airbag apparatus. USP2003046540256.
  2. Iwai, Yasunori; Nakashima, Yoshihiro; Katsuda, Nobuyuki; Yamazaki, Masayuki; Oda, Shingo. Airbag gas generator and an airbag apparatus. USP2005096942249.
  3. Racette, Mathieu; Vlau, Stephane; Lepage, Daniel. Black powder substitutes for small caliber firearms. USP2012038133335.
  4. Robert D. Taylor ; Ivan V. Mendenhall. Burn rate-enhanced high gas yield non-azide gas generants. USP2002056383318.
  5. Taylor Robert D. ; Mendenhall Ivan V.. Burn rate-enhanced high gas yield non-azide gas generants. USP2000086103030.
  6. Holland Gary F. ; Wilson Michael A.. Chemically active fire suppression composition. USP2000026024889.
  7. Abdel K. Helmy ; Tracy N. Michon. Cool burning gas generating composition. USP2002036361630.
  8. Hamilton Brian K.. Dispensing fibrous cellulose material. USP2000096120626.
  9. Conroy, Paul J.; Leveritt, Charles S.; Demaree, John D.; Hirvonen, James. Dynamic process for enhancing the wear resistance of ferrous articles. USP2010037669358.
  10. Knowlton, Gregory D.; Ludwig, Christopher P.. Gas generant composition with coolant. USP2003086605233.
  11. Williams, Graylon K.; Burns, Sean P.; Khandhadia, Paresh S.. Gas generant compositions containing a silicone coating. USP2003096620266.
  12. Yamato, Yo; Hirata, Norimasa; Takahori, Takeshi; Yokoyama, Takushi; Matsuda, Naoki. Gas generant for air bag. USP2003036527886.
  13. Yo Yamato JP; Norimasa Hirata JP; Takeshi Takahori JP; Takushi Yokoyama JP; Naoki Matsuda JP. Gas generant for air bag. USP2002096454887.
  14. Yo Yamato JP; Norimasa Hirata JP; Takeshi Takahori JP; Takushi Yokoyama JP; Naoki Matsuda JP. Gas generant for air bag. USP2002126497774.
  15. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Gas generant manufacture. USP2002086436211.
  16. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Smith Robert G. ; Taylor Robert D.. Gas generant manufacture. USP2001056224697.
  17. Hamilton Brian K. ; Harrington Paul ; Kafadar Charles B.. Gas generating apparatus. USP2001016176517.
  18. Sato, Eishi; Kubo, Dairi; Ikeda, Kenjiro. Gas generating composition. USP2005076918976.
  19. Yamato, Yo. Gas generating composition. USP2004086779464.
  20. Blomquist Harold R.. Gas generating composition for an inflatable vehicle occupant protection device. USP2001106296724.
  21. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P.. Gas generating compositions. USP2001056235132.
  22. Knowlton, Gregory D.; Ludwig, Christopher P.; Haun, Daniel V.. Gas generating compositions. USP2005036860951.
  23. Yamato, Yo; Takahori, Takeshi; Ueda, Masayuki; Oda, Shingo. Gas generating compositions for air bag. USP2003056562161.
  24. Charrette, Dimitri; Chounet, Georges. Gas-generating pyrotechnic compositions with a binder and continuous manufacturing process. USP2004116824626.
  25. Brian K. Wheatley ; Norman H. Lundstrom ; Robert D. Lynch ; R. Stephen Scheffee ; James D. Martin. Low ash gas generant and ignition compositions for vehicle occupant passive restraint systems. USP2002016334961.
  26. Knowlton, Gregory D.; Ludwig, Christopher P.; Deppert, Thomas M.; McFadden, Dan; Dupont, James; Salafia, Christian. Low solids gas generant having a low flame temperature. USP2003076589375.
  27. Wood James C. ; Wood Ernest H.. Metal oxide-free 5-aminotetrazole-based gas generating composition. USP2001126328830.
  28. Hamilton Brian K.. Method for making a propellant having a relatively low burn rate exponent and high gas yield for use in a vehicle inflator. USP2001116315930.
  29. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P.. Method of safely initiating combustion of a gas generant composition using an autoignition composition. USP2001046221187.
  30. Johnston, Harold E.; Warner, Kirstin F.; Blau, Reed J.; Lusk, Scott K.. Methods of forming a sensitized explosive and a percussion primer. USP2012108282751.
  31. Bottaro Jeffrey C. ; Schmitt Robert J. ; Penwell Paul E.. N,N'-azobis-nitroazoles and analogs thereof as igniter compounds for use in energetic compositions. USP2000126156136.
  32. Zeuner, Siegfried; Schropp, Roland; Hofmann, Achim; R?dig, Karl-Heinz. Nitrocellulose-free gas-generating composition. USP2005056893517.
  33. Erickson, Jack; Sandstrom, Joel L.; Johnston, Gene; Norris, Neal; Braun, Patrick; Blau, Reed; Liu, Lisa Spendlove. Non-toxic percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2013068454770.
  34. Erickson, Jack; Sandstrom, Joel L.; Johnston, Gene; Norris, Neal; Braun, Patrick; Blau, Reed; Liu, Lisa Spendlove; Newell, Rachel Hendrika. Non-toxic percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2013068454769.
  35. Erickson, Jack; Sandstrom, Joel Lee; Johnston, Gene; Norris, Neal; Braun, Patrick; Blau, Reed; Liu, Lisa Spendlove; Newell, Rachel Hendrika. Non-toxic percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2012068192568.
  36. Erickson, Jack; Sandstrom, Joel; Johnston, Gene; Norris, Neal; Braun, Patrick; Blau, Reed; Liu, Lisa Spendlove. Non-toxic percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2012068202377.
  37. Sandstrom, Joel; Quinn, Aaron A.; Erickson, Jack. Non-toxic, heavy-metal free explosive percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2013068470107.
  38. Sandstrom, Joel; Quinn, Aaron A; Erickson, Jack. Non-toxic, heavy-metal free sensitized explosive percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2012068206522.
  39. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Scheffee Robert S. ; Luke Daniel S.. Nonazide ammonium nitrate based gas generant compositions that burn at ambient pressure. USP2000016017404.
  40. Busky, Randall T.; Botcher, Tod R.; Sandstrom, Joel L.; Erickson, Jack A.. Nontoxic, noncorrosive phosphorus-based primer compositions and an ordnance element including the same. USP2013098540828.
  41. Zeuner Siegfried,DEX ; Hofmann Achim,DEX ; Schropp Roland,DEX ; Rodig Karl-Heinz,DEX. Particle-free, gas-producing mixture. USP1999115989367.
  42. Chen, Gary; Motyka, Mark; Poret, Jay C.. Perchlorate free flash bang compositions for pyrotechnic training rounds. USP2009087578895.
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  44. Busky, Randall T.; Botcher, Tod R.; Sandstrom, Joel; Erickson, Jack. Percussion primers comprising a primer composition and ordnance including the same. USP2013098524018.
  45. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Phase stabilized ammonium nitrate and method of making the same. USP2002046372191.
  46. Hamilton, Brian K.. Phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP2005036872265.
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  48. Brian K. Hamilton ; Paul Harrington. Propellant compositions for gas generating apparatus. USP2002016334917.
  49. Hafner, Matthew T.; Balangue, Ruben; Clark, Danny D.; Westbrook, III, John William. Propellant compositions including stabilized red phosphorus and methods of forming same. USP2015129199887.
  50. Hafner, Matthew T.; Balangue, Ruben; Clark, Danny D.; Westbrook, III, John William. Propellant compositions including stabilized red phosphorus, a method of forming same, and an ordnance element including the same. USP2014028641842.
  51. Lundstrom Norman H.. Propellant compositions with salts and complexes of lanthanide and rare earth elements. USP2001086277221.
  52. Finck Bernard,FRX ; Reynaud Jean-Paul,FRX. Pyrotechnic composition generating clean gases with low levels of nitrogen oxides, and pellets of such a composition. USP2000026024811.
  53. Fonblanc, Gilles. Pyrotechnic compositions generating non-toxic gases based on ammonium perchlorate. USP2003036533878.