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특허 상세정보

Lead-free centerfire primer with DDNP and barium nitrate oxidizer

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-031/28    C06B-045/06   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/018 ; 149/068
출원번호 US-0768773 (1996-12-13)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Schroeder & Siefgried, P.A.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 29  인용 특허 : 6
초록

A lead-free centerfire primer which, when fired, is devoid of serious toxic effects, and is characterized by the use of 5-20%, by weight, of barium nitrate as its oxidizer, in combination with 24-40% by weight of a primary explosive, 4-10% by weight of a sensitizer, 20-30% by weight of a nitrated ester, 4-10% by weight of an abrasive sensitizer, 4-7% by weight of a fuel, and 0.8-2.0% by weight of a binder.

대표
청구항

[ I claim:] [1.] A lead-free centerfire cartridge primer which, when fired, is devoid of serious toxic effects, consisting essentially of:(a) 24-40%, by weight, of diazodinitrophenol (DDNP);(b) 4-10%, by weight, of a tetracene;(c) 5-20%, by weight, of barium nitrate;(d) 20-30%, by weight, of Hercules fines;(e) 4-10%, by weight, of glass;(f) 4-7%, by weight, of powdered aluminum, and(g) 0.8-2.0%, by weight, of a binder taken from the group of binder selected from the group consisting of tragacanth, gum Arabic, guar gum, and Karaya gum.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 29

  1. Pile, Donald A.; John, Jr., Henry J.. Bismuth oxide primer composition. USP2012038128766.
  2. Pile, Donald A.; John, Jr., Henry J.. Bismuth oxide primer composition. USP2013128597445.
  3. Fronabarger, John W.; Williams, Michael D.; Sanborn, William B.. Lead-free primary explosive composition. USP2012108298324.
  4. Fronabarger, John W.; Williams, Michael D.; Sanborn, William B.. Lead-free primary explosive composition. USP2013098523989.
  5. Fronabarger, John W.; Williams, Michael D.; Sanborn, William B.. Lead-free primary explosive composition and method of preparation. USP2010117833330.
  6. Fronabarger, John W.; Williams, Michael D.. Lead-free primers. USP2012078216401.
  7. Fronabarger, John W.; Williams, Michael D.; Bichay, Magdy M.. Lead-free primers. USP2011118062443.
  8. Rose, James E.; Elstrodt, Douglas; Puszynski, Jan A.. Lead-free pyrotechnic composition. USP2003126663731.
  9. Erickson Jack A. ; Melberg John M. ; Sandstrom Joel L.. Lead-free, heavy-metal-free rim-fire priming composition dedicated for Ralph B. Lynn. USP1999115993577.
  10. Klapötke, Thomas Matthias; Piercey, Davin Glenn; Fronabarger, John W.; Williams, Michael D.. Method for preparation of a lead-free primary explosive. USP2016039278984.
  11. Johnston, Harold E.; Warner, Kirstin F.; Blau, Reed J.; Lusk, Scott K.. Methods of forming a sensitized explosive and a percussion primer. USP2012108282751.
  12. Erickson, Jack; Sandstrom, Joel L.; Johnston, Gene; Norris, Neal; Braun, Patrick; Blau, Reed; Liu, Lisa Spendlove. Non-toxic percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2013068454770.
  13. Erickson, Jack; Sandstrom, Joel L.; Johnston, Gene; Norris, Neal; Braun, Patrick; Blau, Reed; Liu, Lisa Spendlove; Newell, Rachel Hendrika. Non-toxic percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2013068454769.
  14. Erickson, Jack; Sandstrom, Joel Lee; Johnston, Gene; Norris, Neal; Braun, Patrick; Blau, Reed; Liu, Lisa Spendlove; Newell, Rachel Hendrika. Non-toxic percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2012068192568.
  15. Erickson, Jack; Sandstrom, Joel; Johnston, Gene; Norris, Neal; Braun, Patrick; Blau, Reed; Liu, Lisa Spendlove. Non-toxic percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2012068202377.
  16. Henry J. John, Jr. ; Carolyn Yeager ; Don Pile ; Tim Webb. Non-toxic primer mix. USP2002116478903.
  17. Sandstrom, Joel; Quinn, Aaron A.; Erickson, Jack. Non-toxic, heavy-metal free explosive percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2013068470107.
  18. Sandstrom, Joel; Quinn, Aaron A; Erickson, Jack. Non-toxic, heavy-metal free sensitized explosive percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2012068206522.
  19. Erickson, Jack A.. Non-toxic, heavy-metal-free shotshell primer mix. USP2003046544363.
  20. Busky, Randall T.; Botcher, Tod R.; Sandstrom, Joel; Erickson, Jack. Nontoxic, noncorrosive phosphorus-based primer compositions. USP2010127857921.
  21. Busky, Randall T.; Botcher, Tod R.; Sandstrom, Joel L.; Erickson, Jack A.. Nontoxic, noncorrosive phosphorus-based primer compositions and an ordnance element including the same. USP2013098540828.
  22. Johnston, Harold E.; Warner, Kristin F.; Blau, Reed J.; Lusk, Scott K.. Percussion primer composition and systems incorporating same. USP2013068460486.
  23. Busky, Randall T.; Botcher, Tod R.; Sandstrom, Joel; Erickson, Jack. Percussion primers comprising a primer composition and ordnance including the same. USP2013098524018.
  24. Fronabarger, John W.; Williams, Michael D.. Preparation of a lead-free primary explosive. USP2013058440008.
  25. Fronabarger, John W.; Williams, Michael D.. Preparation of a lead-free primary explosive. USP2012048163786.
  26. Galluzzi,Carlo. Priming mixture for cartridge primers for small firearms. USP2006067056401.
  27. Pile, Donald Allen; John, Jr., Henry J.. Priming mixtures for small arms. USP2014078784583.
  28. Hafner, Matthew T.; Balangue, Ruben; Clark, Danny D.; Westbrook, III, John William. Propellant compositions including stabilized red phosphorus and methods of forming same. USP2015129199887.
  29. Hafner, Matthew T.; Balangue, Ruben; Clark, Danny D.; Westbrook, III, John William. Propellant compositions including stabilized red phosphorus, a method of forming same, and an ordnance element including the same. USP2014028641842.