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특허 상세정보

Low temperature autoigniting propellant composition

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/10    C06B-035/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/019.6 ; 149/019.91 ; 149/035 ; 149/046
출원번호 US-0683286 (1996-07-18)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Garabedian
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 29  인용 특허 : 22
초록

A low temperature autoigniting composition for use in a mobile occupant restraint system comprising, a low temperature melting oxidizer and a fuel, wherein the low temperature autoigniting composition autoignites in the temperature range of about 130.degree. C. to about 175.degree. C. In a preferred embodiment, the composition comprises a low temperature melting oxidizer, a fuel, and a catalyst, wherein the composition autoignites in the temperature range of about 130.degree. C. to about 150.degree. C. Preferably, the oxidizer comprises about 20 to about...

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.] A low temperature autoigniting composition comprising:a low temperature melting oxidizer comprising from about 30% to about 60% by weight of said low temperature autoigniting composition; anda fuel comprising from about 10% to about 50% by weight of said low temperature autoigniting composition and selected from the group consisting of 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one, semicarbizide hydrochloride, ethyl centralite, triazoles, tetrazoles, and triaminoguanidine nitrate;wherein said low temperature melting oxidizer melts and autoignit...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (22)

  1. Stinecipher Mary M. (Los Alamos NM) Coburn Michael D. (Los Alamos NM). Ammonium nitrate explosive systems. USP1981114300962.
  2. Mihm Joseph J. (North Branch MI). Auto ignition device for an air bag inflator. USP1995075429386.
  3. Mihm Joseph J. (North Branch MI) Wipasuramonton Ponget P. (Rochester MI) Kumkoski James M. (Mesa AZ). Auto-ignition device for an air bag inflator. USP1992035100170.
  4. Mihm Joseph J. (North Branch MI) Wipasuramonton Ponget P. (Rochester MI) Kumkoski James M. (Mesa AZ). Auto-ignition device for an air bag inflator. USP1992125167426.
  5. Nilsson Karl E. (Ottobrunn DEX) Zeuner Siegfried (Munich DEX). Automatic-ignition device for vehicle crash protection device. USP1990074944528.
  6. Poole, Donald R.. Azide-free gas generant composition with easily filterable combustion products. USP1991075035757.
  7. Voreck ; Jr. Wallace E. (Sparta NJ). Castable high explosive compositions of low sensitivity. USP1983124421578.
  8. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Composition and process for inflating a safety crash bag. USP1990034909549.
  9. Lee, Kien-yin; Coburn, Michael D.. Ethylenediamine salt of 5-nitrotetrazole and preparation. USP1985114552598.
  10. Canterberry J. B. (Crawfordville FL) Katz Lawrence E. (Orange CT). Explosives and propellant compositions containing a polyurethane polyacetal elastomer binder and method for the preparat. USP1990054923536.
  11. Cartwright Richard V. (Sussex NJ). Extrudable gas generating propellants, method and apparatus. USP1992065125684.
  12. Wardle Robert B. (Logan UT) Hinshaw Jerald C. (Ogden UT) Hajik Robert M. (Willard UT). Gas generating compositions containing nitrotriazalone. USP1990064931112.
  13. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Ignition composition for inflator gas generators. USP1992015084118.
  14. Khandhadia Paresh S. (Rochester Hills MI). Ignition compositions for inflator gas generators. USP1995105460671.
  15. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Kwong Patrick C. (Seattle WA). Ignition compositions for inflator gas generators. USP1995015380380.
  16. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Highsmith Tom K. (North Ogden UT) Braithwaite Paul C. (Brigham City UT) Wardle Robert B. (Logan UT). Insensitive high performance explosive compositions. USP1996065529649.
  17. Wallace ; II Ingvar A. (Brigham City UT) Braithwaite Paul C. (Brigham City UT) Neidert Jamie B. (Ogden UT). Plastisol explosive. USP1995115468313.
  18. Mehrotra Ashok K. (Williamson IL) Markovich I. Lee (Wickenburg AZ). Potassium fluoride stabilized ammonium nitrate and method of producing potassium fluoride stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1992035098683.
  19. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Process for preparing azide-free gas generant composition. USP1996075531941.
  20. Reed ; Jr. Russell (Ridgecrest CA) Chan May L. (Ridgecrest CA) Moore Kenneth L. (Cabin John MD). Pyrotechnic fire extinguishing method. USP1986074601344.
  21. Canterberry J. B. (Crawfordville FL) Katz Lawrence E. (Orange CT). Solid explosive and propellant compositions containing a polyurethane polyacetal elastomer binder and method for the pre. USP1990054925503.
  22. Chang Marguerite S. (Forest Heights MD) Highby John H. (Indian Head MD) Mackenzie Gerald L. (Port Tobacco MD). Solid gas generating and gun propellant composition containing triaminoguanidine nitrate and synthetic polymer binder. USP1976053954528.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 29

  1. Fleming, Wayne C.; McSpadden, Hugh J.; Olander, Donald E.. Ammonium nitrate propellants and methods for preparing the same. USP2005076913661.
  2. Timothy A. Swann. Autoignition material additive. USP2002116485588.
  3. Lundstrom Norman H.. Chlorate-free autoignition compositions and methods. USP2000116143101.
  4. Blomquist Harold R.. Cool burning ammonium nitrate based gas generating composition. USP2001056231702.
  5. Blomquist Harold R.. Cool burning gas generating composition. USP2000116143104.
  6. Barnes Michael W. ; Swanson Kristy Woodward ; Hock Christopher. Gas forming igniter composition for a gas generant. USP2000106132480.
  7. Yamato, Yo; Hirata, Norimasa; Takahori, Takeshi; Yokoyama, Takushi; Matsuda, Naoki. Gas generant for air bag. USP2003036527886.
  8. Yo Yamato JP; Norimasa Hirata JP; Takeshi Takahori JP; Takushi Yokoyama JP; Naoki Matsuda JP. Gas generant for air bag. USP2002096454887.
  9. Yo Yamato JP; Norimasa Hirata JP; Takeshi Takahori JP; Takushi Yokoyama JP; Naoki Matsuda JP. Gas generant for air bag. USP2002126497774.
  10. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Gas generant manufacture. USP2002086436211.
  11. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Smith Robert G. ; Taylor Robert D.. Gas generant manufacture. USP2001056224697.
  12. Xingxi Zhou JP. Gas generating composition for air bag. USP2002106468369.
  13. Blomquist Harold R.. Gas generating composition for an inflatable vehicle occupant protection device. USP2001106296724.
  14. Canterberry J B ; Schlueter Samuel Steven ; Adams John Herman ; Walsh Robert Keith. Gas generating compositions containing phase stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP2000026019861.
  15. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Taylor Robert D. ; Barnes Michael W.. High gas yield generant compositions. USP2000106132538.
  16. Canterberry, J B; Grzelczyk, Cezary. Low temperature autoignition material. USP2003116645326.
  17. Wheatley Brian K.. Metal oxide containing gas generating composition. USP2001086274064.
  18. Wheatley Brian K.. Metal oxide containing gas generating composition. USP2000126156230.
  19. Staszewski Robert B. ; Feygin Gennady. Method and apparatus for extracting band and error values from digital samples of an analog signal. USP2000036037886.
  20. Hamilton Brian K.. Method for making a propellant having a relatively low burn rate exponent and high gas yield for use in a vehicle inflator. USP2001116315930.
  21. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P.. Method of safely initiating combustion of a gas generant composition using an autoignition composition. USP2001046221187.
  22. Lundstrom Norman H.. Monopropellant and propellant compositions including mono and polyaminoguanidine dinitrate. USP2000046045638.
  23. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Phase stabilized ammonium nitrate and method of making the same. USP2002046372191.
  24. Hamilton, Brian K.. Phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP2005036872265.
  25. Fleming, Wayne C.; McSpadden, Hugh J.; Olander, Donald E.. Preparation of strengthened ammonium nitrate propellants. USP2004046726788.
  26. Brian K. Hamilton ; Paul Harrington. Propellant compositions for gas generating apparatus. USP2002016334917.
  27. Manning, Thelma G.; Strauss, Bernard. Reduction of energetic filler sensitivity in propellants through coating. USP2003026524706.
  28. Falquete, Marco Antonio. Thermal shock tube and the process of production thereof. USP2017019541366.
  29. Khandhadia Paresh S. ; Burns Sean P.. Thermally stable nonazide automotive airbag propellants. USP2001106306232.