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특허 상세정보

Substantially smoke-free and particulate-free inflator for inflatable safety restraint system

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) B60R-021/28   
미국특허분류(USC) 280/741 ; 149/02
출원번호 US-0611650 (1996-03-06)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Sheridan Ross P.C.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 38  인용 특허 : 12

Provided is an inflator for providing propellant gases to inflate a bag of an automotive safety system for restraining an occupant of a vehicle in which the inflator is a pure pyrotechnic inflator that generates propellant gases that are substantially free of metal-containing particulate and condensable materials without requiring storage of a pressurized gas. The propellant gases are generated from a solid gas-generating propellant composition including two components. A first component is fuel-rich and has a fast burn rate. The second component is a ox...


[ What is claimed is:] [1.] An inflator for providing, when actuated, propellant gases to inflate a bag of an inflatable safety system, the inflator comprising:a housing having disposed therein a solid gas-generating propellant composition capable of generating propellant gases in a chemical reaction when the inflator is actuated;said solid gas-generating propellant composition comprising a solid fuel-rich component that exothermally decomposes when said chemical reaction occurs, said fuel-rich component being in the form of a plurality of spaced, extrud...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (12)

  1. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Azide gas generating composition for inflatable devices. USP1990064931111.
  2. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Composition and process for inflating a safety crash bag. USP1990084948439.
  3. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Composition for controlling oxides of nitrogen. USP1992085139588.
  4. Hamilton Brian K. (Littleton CO). Gas generating material. USP1987094696705.
  5. Sampson William P. (Mesa AZ). Gas generator for vehicle occupant restraint. USP1994065324075.
  6. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Kwong Patrick C. (Seattle WA). Ignition compositions for inflator gas generators. USP1995015380380.
  7. Patrick Michael A. (Shalimar FL) Aubert Stephen A. (Niceville FL). Intermolecular complex explosives. USP1990084948438.
  8. Giovanetti Anthony J. (Lenox MA). Liquid propellant inflator for vehicle occupant restraint apparatus. USP1991105060973.
  9. Chang Marguerite S. (Forest Heights MD) Highby John H. (Indian Head MD) Mackenzie Gerald L. (Port Tobacco MD). Solid gas generating and gun propellant composition containing triaminoguanidine nitrate and synthetic polymer binder. USP1976053954528.
  10. Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1997065641938.
  11. Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1996085545272.
  12. Ludwig Christopher P. (4038 Normanwood West Bloomfield MI 48323). Vehicle airbag inflator and related method. USP1996095551725.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 38

  1. Michael G. Mangum ; David C. Ouart. Air bag inflator. USP2002046368431.
  2. Walsh, Christine M.. Airbag propellant. USP2003056562160.
  3. Blomquist Harold R.. Apparatus comprising an inflatable vehicle occupant protection device and a gas generating composition therefor. USP1999126004410.
  4. Racette, Mathieu; Viau, Staphane; Lepage, Daniel. Black powder substitutes for small caliber firearms. USP2012098257522.
  5. Krupp, Robert M.. Container for gas generant. USP2016049321426.
  6. Zharkov, Alexandr Sergeevich; Shandakov, Vladimir Alekseevich; Pilyugin, Leonid Alexandrovich; van den Berg, Ronald Peter. Cool oxygen chemical gas generator. USP2012038142726.
  7. Cord, Paul-Philippe. Device for deployment of an element, particularly a safety element, for the protection of goods and/or people. USP2010047695007.
  8. Hamilton Brian K.. Dispensing fibrous cellulose material. USP2000096120626.
  9. Shilliday, David; Scaven, Greg; Fitzgerald, Kevin. Distributed charge inflator system. USP2005056886469.
  10. Shilliday,David; Scaven,Gregory J.; Fitzgerald,Kevin. Distributed charge inflator system. USP2007017162958.
  11. Shilliday,David; Scaven,Gregory J.; Fitzgerald,Kevin. Distributed charge inflator system. USP2006117137341.
  12. Conroy, Paul J.; Leveritt, Charles S.; Demaree, John D.; Hirvonen, James. Dynamic process for enhancing the wear resistance of ferrous articles. USP2010037669358.
  13. Conroy,Paul J.; Leveritt,Charles S.; Demaree,John D.; Hirvonen,James. Dynamic process for enhancing the wear resistance of ferrous articles. USP2007037191558.
  14. Deckenhoff,Michael; Schneider,Michael; Freudenberger,Klaus. Gas bag module. USP2008047364193.
  15. Hamilton Brian K. ; Harrington Paul ; Kafadar Charles B.. Gas generating apparatus. USP2001016176517.
  16. Blomquist Harold R.. Gas generating composition comprising guanylurea dinitramide. USP2000096117255.
  17. Yamato, Yo; Takahori, Takeshi; Ueda, Masayuki; Oda, Shingo. Gas generating compositions for air bag. USP2003056562161.
  18. Blomquist, Harold R.. Gas generating material for vehicle occupant protection device. USP2004106802533.
  19. Italiane,John R.; Styner,James M.; Nguyen,Andrew C.; Gregg,Gary S.; Holland,Gary F.; Wilson,Michael A.. Gas generation system. USP2007037188567.
  20. Parkinson, David W.; Smith, Bradley W.. Gas generator. USP2012048162350.
  21. Burns, Sean P.. Gas generator assembly. USP2010097789018.
  22. Wu, Jianzhou. Gas generator composition. USP2003096623574.
  23. Burns,Sean P.; Stevens,Bruce A.; Dunham,Steven M.; Williams,Graylon K.. Inflator. USP2006087097203.
  24. Krupp, Robert M.; Burns, Sean P.; Williams, Graylon K.; Patterson, Donald B.; Adamini, Chris A.; Khandhadia, Paresh S.; Mishra, Indu B.. Inflator. USP2004106805377.
  25. Mayville, Brian A.; Hordos, Deborah L.; Rambow, Scott M.. Inflator. USP2014078783188.
  26. Anflo Kjell,SEX ; Wingborg Niklas,SEX. Liquid propellant. USP2001076254705.
  27. Verity, Dennis Gordon. Metal and metal oxide granules and forming process. USP2010107806999.
  28. Verity, Denis Gordon. Metal and metal oxide granules, forming process and granule containing explosives. USP2011077985310.
  29. Hamilton Brian K.. Method for making a propellant having a relatively low burn rate exponent and high gas yield for use in a vehicle inflator. USP2001116315930.
  30. Stevens,Bruce A.; Williams,Graylon K.. Peroxide linear inflator. USP2007077243946.
  31. Brian K. Hamilton ; Paul Harrington. Propellant compositions for gas generating apparatus. USP2002016334917.
  32. Christian Perotto FR; Daniel Duvacquier FR; Benoit Marsaud FR. Pyrotechnic gas generator with plastic bonded charge. USP2002126490978.
  33. Burns,Sean P.; Halpin,Jeffrey W.. Pyrotechnic linear inflator. USP2007117293798.
  34. Burns,Sean P.; Stevens,Bruace A.; Quioc,Eduardo L.. Pyrotechnic linear inflator. USP2006077080854.
  35. Stevens,Bruce A.; Dunham,Steven Maxwell Gordon; Burns,Sean P.; Quioc,Eduardo L.; Newell,Jason. Pyrotechnic linear inflator. USP2007037192055.
  36. Khandhadia,Paresh S.; Blackburn,Jeffery S.. Pyrotechnic stored gas inflator. USP2008107431335.
  37. Blomquist Harold R.. Reduced smoke gas generant with improved mechanical stability. USP2000096113713.
  38. Khandhadia, Paresh S.; Burns, Sean P.. Vehicle component with integral inflator. USP2014018622419.