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특허 상세정보

Nonazide gas generant compositions

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-031/28   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/036 ; 149/046 ; 149/047
출원번호 US-0745949 (1996-11-08)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Lyon, P.C.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 58  인용 특허 : 16
초록

High nitrogen nonazide gas compositions, useful in inflating passenger restraint gas inflator bags, comprise an amine salt of triazole or tetrazole fuel, and phase stabilized ammonium nitrate (PSAN) as an oxidizer. The combination of the amine azole salt and phase stabilized ammonium nitrate results in gas generants that are relatively more stable and less explosive, have improved ignitability and burn rates, and generate more gas and less solids than known gas generant compositions.

대표
청구항

[ We claim:] [1.] A gas generant composition useful for inflating an automotive air bag passive restraint system comprising a mixture of:a high-nitrogen nonazide fuel selected from the class consisting of 1-, 3-, and 5-substituted amine salts of triazoles, and, 1- and 5-substituted amine salts of tetrazoles; and dry-mixed withan oxidizer selected from the group consisting of phase stabilized ammonium nitrate.

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (16)

  1. Stinecipher Mary M. (Los Alamos NM) Coburn Michael D. (Los Alamos NM). Ammonium nitrate explosive systems. USP1981114300962.
  2. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Composition and process for inflating a safety crash bag. USP1990034909549.
  3. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Composition and process for inflating a safety crash bag. USP1990084948439.
  4. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Composition for controlling oxides of nitrogen. USP1992085139588.
  5. Highsmith Thomas K. (North Ogden UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Hinshaw Jerald C. (Ogden UT) Doll Daniel W. (Ogden UT). Gas generating compositions based on salts of 5-nitraminotetrazole. USP1996055516377.
  6. Wardle Robert B. (Logan UT) Hinshaw Jerald C. (Ogden UT) Hajik Robert M. (Willard UT). Gas generating compositions containing nitrotriazalone. USP1990064931112.
  7. Ramnarace ; Jawaharlal. Gas generator propellants. USP1978094111728.
  8. Chi Minn-Shong (New Castle DE). Low pressure exponent propellants containing boron. USP1991125074938.
  9. Onishi Atsuhiro (Takasago JPX) Tanaka Hiroshi (Takasago JPX). Method of tetrazole amine salts having improved physical properties for generating gas in airbags. USP1995085439251.
  10. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Stevens Mikel R. (Fayetteville AR) Edwards W. Wayne (Tremonton UT) Shaw ; III Graham C. (Garland UT). Non-azide gas generant formulation, method, and apparatus. USP1993035197758.
  11. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT). Preparation of anhydrous tetrazole gas generant compositions. USP1996035501823.
  12. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Process for preparing azide-free gas generant composition. USP1996075531941.
  13. Canterberry J. B. (Crawfordville FL) Katz Lawrence E. (Orange CT). Solid explosive and propellant compositions containing a polyurethane polyacetal elastomer binder and method for the pre. USP1990054925503.
  14. Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe) Wasmann Friedrich-Wilhelm (Pfinztal) Menke Klaus (Bruchsal DEX). Stable, nitrogen-rich composition. USP1993035198046.
  15. Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1997065641938.
  16. Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1996085545272.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 58

  1. Stevens,Bruce A.. Belt spool retractor. USP2008097424986.
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  3. Blomquist Harold R.. Cool burning gas generating composition. USP2000116143104.
  4. Gozin, Michael; Aizikovich, Alex; Shlomovich, Avital; Cohen, Adva; Pechersky, Tali. Energetic compounds and compositions. USP20190210196477.
  5. Nickel, Russell R.. Fast-burning nitrocellulose compositions. USP2003116645325.
  6. Williams Edna M. ; Wheatley Brian K. ; Neidert Jamie B. ; Lynch Robert D. ; Martin James D.. Fire suppressant. USP2000046045726.
  7. Miller, Cory G.; Williams, Graylon K.. Gas generant and synthesis. USP2010027667045.
  8. Burns Sean P. ; Khandhadia Paresh S.. Gas generant composition. USP2001096287400.
  9. Miller, Cory G.; Williams, Graylon K.. Gas generant compositions. USP2010037686901.
  10. Yamato, Yo; Hirata, Norimasa; Takahori, Takeshi; Yokoyama, Takushi; Matsuda, Naoki. Gas generant for air bag. USP2003036527886.
  11. Yo Yamato JP; Norimasa Hirata JP; Takeshi Takahori JP; Takushi Yokoyama JP; Naoki Matsuda JP. Gas generant for air bag. USP2002096454887.
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