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특허 상세정보

Gas generant complex oxidizers

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/10    C06B-031/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/019.1 ; 149/022 ; 149/036 ; 149/037 ; 149/038 ; 149/041 ; 149/043 ; 149/045 ; 149/046 ; 149/061 ; 149/062 ; 149/077 ; 149/078 ; 149/047
출원번호 US-0811694 (1997-03-05)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Lyon, P.C.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 33  인용 특허 : 8
초록

Nonazide gas generant compositions, useful for inflating passenger restraint gas inflator bags, comprise a multimetallic coordination complex oxidizer selected from coordination complexes comprised of anionic nitro and nitrito ligands coordinated with a transitional metal template, and a cationic component comprised of two or more different metals. The gas generant compositions generate relatively more gas and are significantly less toxic than known azide gas generant compositions, and furthermore, generate solids that are readily filterable.

대표
청구항

[ I claim:] [1.] A gas generant composition, hydrated or anhydrous, useful for inflating an automotive air bag passive restraint system, comprising a nonazide fuel and a coordination complex oxidizer, whereinsaid nonazide fuel is selected from the group consisting of urazoles, tetrazoles, triazoles, triazines, and derivatives of guanidine, andsaid coordination complex oxidizer comprises an inorganic compound having a polynitro transition metal complex anion, said coordination complex oxidizer being selected from the group consisting of disodium potassium...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 33

  1. Taylor, Robert D.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.. Burn rate enhancement of basic copper nitrate-containing gas generant compositions. USP2011087998292.
  2. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Barnes, Michael W.. Burn rate enhancement via a transition metal complex of diammonium bitetrazole. USP2004036712918.
  3. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Taylor Robert D. ; Barnes Michael W. ; Parkinson David W.. Burn rate-enhanced basic copper nitrate-containing gas generant compositions and methods. USP2000116143102.
  4. Robert D. Taylor ; Ivan V. Mendenhall. Burn rate-enhanced high gas yield non-azide gas generants. USP2002056383318.
  5. Taylor, Robert D.; Hess, Gregg. Copper complexes with oxalyldihydrazide moieties. USP2012018097103.
  6. Williams,Graylon K.; Burns,Sean P.. Gas generants containing silicone fuels. USP2006087094296.
  7. Sato, Eishi; Kubo, Dairi; Ikeda, Kenjiro. Gas generating composition. USP2005076918976.
  8. Blomquist Harold R.. Gas generating composition comprising guanylurea dinitramide. USP2000096117255.
  9. Xingxi Zhou JP. Gas generating composition for air bag. USP2002106468369.
  10. Blomquist Harold R.. Gas generating composition for an inflatable vehicle occupant protection device. USP2001106296724.
  11. Ganta, Sudhakar R.; Williams, Graylon K.. Gas generating compositions. USP2015069045380.
  12. Hordos, Deborah L.. Gas generator. USP2017019556078.
  13. Wu, Jianzhou. Gas generator composition. USP2003096623574.
  14. Eiichiro Yoshikawa JP; Ryo Minoguchi JP; Akihiko Kuroiwa JP; Takeshi Kanda JP; Kenjiro Ikeda JP; Makoto Iwasaki JP; Akihiko Tanaka JP; Eishi Sato JP; Dairi Kubo JP; Kaoru Masuda JP; Moriyos. Gas-generating agent for air bag. USP2002076416599.
  15. Khandhadia Paresh S. ; Burns Sean P. ; Williams Graylon K.. High gas yield non-azide gas generants. USP2001046210505.
  16. J B Canterberry ; Samuel Steven Schlueter ; John Herman Adams ; Robert Keith Walsh. Inflator. USP2002126487974.
  17. Anflo Kjell,SEX ; Wingborg Niklas,SEX. Liquid propellant. USP2001076254705.
  18. Hiskey Michael A. ; Chavez David E. ; Naud Darren L.. Low-smoke pyrotechnic compositions. USP2001046214139.
  19. Hiskey Michael A. ; Chavez David E. ; Naud Darren L.. Low-smoke pyrotechnic compositions. USP2001116312537.
  20. Sean P. Burns ; Paresh S. Khandhadia. Method of formulating a gas generant composition. USP2002116475312.
  21. Yamato, Yo; Yamazaki, Masayuki. Method of reducing NOx. USP2003116651565.
  22. Reddy, B. Raghava; Luke, Karen; Waugh, Bryan K.; Cromwell, Roger S.. Methods of generating gas in and foaming well cement compositions. USP2005026858566.
  23. Reddy, B. Raghava; Ravi, Krishna M.; Griffith, James E.; Zamora, Frank; Luke, Karen; Dennis, Jr., John L.; Cox, Ricky A.. Methods of generating gas in well fluids. USP2004046715553.
  24. Reddy,B. Raghava; Ravi,Krishna M.; Griffith,James E.; Zamora,Frank; Luke,Karen; Dennis, Jr.,John L.; Cox,Ricky A.. Methods of generating gas in well fluids. USP2007017156175.
  25. Reddy, B. Raghava; Ravi, Krishna M.; Luke, Karen; Morgan, Rickey L.. Methods of generating gas in well treating fluids. USP2004046722434.
  26. Reddy,B. Raghava; Ravi,Krishna M.; Luke,Karen; Morgan,Rickey L.. Methods of generating gas in well treating fluids. USP2006016992048.
  27. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Scheffee Robert S. ; Luke Daniel S.. Nonazide ammonium nitrate based gas generant compositions that burn at ambient pressure. USP2000096123790.
  28. Hamilton, Brian K.. Phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP2005036872265.
  29. Michael John Cyr ; Horst Clauberg ; Mark Edward Stewart ; Stephen Neal Falling ; Martin Emerson Rogers. Polyether containing polymers for oxygen scavenging. USP2002096455620.
  30. Blomquist Harold R.. Reduced smoke gas generant with improved mechanical stability. USP2000096113713.
  31. Zevallos,Manuel Legendre. Self-generating foamed drilling fluids. USP2007047199083.
  32. D'Arche, Steven P.; Swanson, Travis. Smokeless flash powder. USP2011088002914.
  33. Burns Sean P. ; Khandhadia Paresh S.. Smokeless gas generant compositions. USP2000066074502.