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특허 상세정보

Metal hydrazine complexes used as gas generants

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06D-005/04    C06D-005/06   
미국특허분류(USC) 60/219 ; 149/036 ; 149/045 ; 280/741
출원번호 US-0934900 (1997-09-22)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Pillsbury Madison & Sutro LLP
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 15  인용 특허 : 10
초록

Gas generating compositions and methods for their use are provided. Metal complexes are used as gas generating compositions. These complexes are comprised of a metal cation template, a neutral ligand containing hydrogen and nitrogen, and sufficient oxidizing anion to balance the charge of the complex. The complexes are formulated such that when the complex combusts, nitrogen gas and water vapor is produced. Specific examples of such complexes include metal nitrite ammine, metal nitrate ammine, and metal perchlorate ammine complexes, as well as hydrazine ...

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.] A method of inflating an inflatable air bag or balloon comprisinggenerating substantially non-toxic gas by combusting an at least essentially azide-free gas generating formulation containing at least one metal complex having a transition metal cation or alkaline earth metal cation and at least one neutral ligand comprised of hydrazine, and sufficient oxidizing anion to balance the charge of the metal cation, wherein when the gas generating formulation combusts, a substantially non-toxic mixture of gases containing nitrogen gas...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 15

  1. Barnes, Michael W.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.. Alkali metal perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2013038388777.
  2. Barnes, Michael W.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.. Alkali metal perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2012018101033.
  3. Barnes,Michael W.; Mendenhall,Ivan V.; Taylor,Robert D.. Ammonium perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2006127147733.
  4. Pile, Donald A.; John, Jr., Henry J.. Bismuth oxide primer composition. USP2012038128766.
  5. Pile, Donald A.; John, Jr., Henry J.. Bismuth oxide primer composition. USP2013128597445.
  6. Barnes Michael W. ; Swanson Kristy Woodward ; Hock Christopher. Gas forming igniter composition for a gas generant. USP2000106132480.
  7. Yamato, Yo. Gas generating agent composition and gas generator. USP2003026517647.
  8. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.; Parkinson, David W.; Smith, Robert G.; Rink, Karl K.. Gas generation with reduced NOx formation. USP2004016673173.
  9. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Scheffee Robert S. ; Gresco Aaron J.. Gas generative compositions. USP2000126156137.
  10. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP2001066241281.
  11. Hinshaw, Jerald C.; Doll, Daniel W.; Blau, Reed J.; Lund, Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP2015129199886.
  12. Jerald C. Hinshaw ; Daniel W. Doll ; Reed J. Blau ; Gary K. Lund. Metal hydrazine complexes for use as gas generants. USP2002116481746.
  13. Iwai,Yasunori; Yamazaki,Masayuki. Method of reducing nitrogen oxide in hybrid inflator. USP2006057040657.
  14. Pile, Donald Allen; John, Jr., Henry J.. Priming mixtures for small arms. USP2014078784583.
  15. Lundstrom Norman H.. Propellant compositions with salts and complexes of lanthanide and rare earth elements. USP2001086277221.