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특허 상세정보

Supercritical water fuel composition and combustion system

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C10L-001/32   
미국특허분류(USC) 44/301
출원번호 US-0992983 (1997-12-18)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Choate, Hall & Stewart
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 20  인용 특허 : 23
초록

Supercritical water fuel composition and combustion system. In one aspect, the invention is a composition of matter comprising a mixture of 5-50% water and a hydrocarbon wherein the water/hydrocarbon mixture is near the critical point such that the mixture is a homogeneous single phase. A suitable temperature is 400.degree. C. and a suitable pressure is 4,000psi. In another aspect, the invention is a fuel system including structure containing a water/hydrocarbon fuel mixture near the critical point such that the mixture is a homogeneous single phase. Str...

대표
청구항

[ What we claim is:] [1.] Composition of matter comprising a mixture of 5-70% water and a hydrocarbon wherein the water/hydrocarbon mixture is at or above the critical point such that the mixture is a homogeneous single phase.

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (23)

  1. Rivas Hercilio (Caracas VEX) Nnez Gustavo (Caracas VEX) Snchez Gerardo (Monagas VEX). Bimodal emulsion and its method of preparation. USP1996045503772.
  2. Rivas Hercilio (Caracas VEX) Nnez Gustavo (Caracas VEX) Snchez Gerardo (Monagas VEX). Bimodal emulsion and its method of preparation. USP1995055419852.
  3. Lindberg, John E.. Combustion and pollution control system. USP1985094541367.
  4. Berthiaume ; Camille. Combustion process. USP1978094116610.
  5. Rivas Hercilio (Caracas VEX) Ventresca Maria L. (Caracas VEX) Sanchez Gerardo (Caracas VEX). Emulsion of viscous hydrocarbon in water which inhibits aging. USP1996045505876.
  6. Feuerman Arnold I. (5179 Corners Dr. West Bloomfield MI 48033). Gasoline-water emulsion. USP1979064158551.
  7. Harpman ; Webster B. ; Mahoney ; Fred G.. Hot fuel gas generator. USP1978094114566.
  8. Mahoney Fred G. (505 Dorseyville Rd. Pittsburgh PA 15238). Internal combustion engine injection superheated steam. USP1991014986223.
  9. Ulrich Armando (Auw CHX) Kessler Alfred (Aarau CHX). Method and apparatus for producing a water-in-fuel-emulsion and emulsifier-free water-in-fuel-emulsion. USP1992065125367.
  10. Frster Siegfried (Aldsorf DEX) Quell Peter (Aachen-Haaren DEX). Method and cylinder head structure for supply of fuel into a piston engine. USP1990034909192.
  11. Silva Felix (Edo Miranda VEX) Rivas Hercilio (Caracas VEX) Nunez Gustavo (Caracas VEX) Pazos Dolores (Edo Miranda VEX). Method for the preparation of viscous hydrocarbon in aqueous buffer solution emulsions. USP1997025603864.
  12. Cook Edward J. (South Hamilton MA) Lagace Arthur P. (Newtonville MA). Method of forming a microemulsion. USP1990034908154.
  13. Binder Klaus (Deizisau DEX) Seidel Gerd (Aichwald DEX). Process for producing a diesel-fuel/water emulsion for a diesel engine. USP1988034732114.
  14. Modell Michael (Cambridge MA). Processing methods for the oxidation of organics in supercritical water. USP1982074338199.
  15. Modell, Michael. Processing methods for the oxidation of organics in supercritical water. USP1985094543190.
  16. Mullay John J. (Hazeltown PA) Sohara Joseph A. (Whitehall PA). Stable fluid systems for preparing high density explosive compositions. USP1990034907368.
  17. Nielsen Kenneth A. (Charleston WV). Supercritical fluids as diluents in combustion of liquid fuels and waste materials. USP1992125170727.
  18. Marek Cecil J. (Shaker Heights OH) Cooper Larry P. (Strongsville OH). Supercritical fuel injection system. USP1980024189914.
  19. Robben, Franklin A.. Superheated fuel injection for combustion of liquid-solid slurries. USP1985124558664.
  20. Schlueter William B. (Rte. 3 ; Box 174 Big Pine Key FL 33043) Debuque ; Jr. Ignacio D. (9 Ermin Garcia St. Cubao ; Quezon City PHX). System and method for superheated-water injection system (SWIS). USP1983104408573.
  21. Feuerman Arnold I. (5179 Corners Drive West Bloomfield MI 48033). Vaporized fuel for internal combustion engine and method and apparatus for producing same. USP1977034011843.
  22. Johnson Keith H. ; Zhang Bin ; Clark Harry C.. Water clusters and uses therefor. USP1998095800576.
  23. Rivas Hercilio,VEX ; Nunez Gustavo A.,VEX ; Colmenares Tulio,VEX ; Chirinos Manuel,VEX. Water in viscous hydrocarbon emulsion combustible fuel for diesel engines and process for making same. USP1998035725609.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 20

  1. Kresnyak, Steve; Bunio, Gary. Carbon dioxide enriched flue gas injection for hydrocarbon recovery. USP2010087770640.
  2. Jenkins,Graeme R.; Rowberry,Wayne; Overly,Eugene; Wood,Thomas M.; Morgan,Glen A.. Devices, systems and methods for introducing additives into an internal combustion engine. USP2008017316207.
  3. Gerhold, Bruce W.. Dual fuel power generation system. USP2004086779333.
  4. Gerhold, Bruce W.. Dual fuel power generation system. USP2005086928821.
  5. Kresnyak,Steve; Bunio,Gary. Flue gas injection for heavy oil recovery. USP2008037341102.
  6. Ahern, Brian S.; Haldeman, Charles W.. Fuel delivery system for combusting fuel mixtures. USP2003026520767.
  7. Erwin, Jimell; Ryan, III, Thomas W.; Stanglmaier, Rudolf H.. Fuels for homogenous charge compression ignition engines. USP2011027887695.
  8. Auer,Gerhard. Heading gas injection system (HGIS) direct injection system. USP2006037013847.
  9. Brown, Jared William. High-enthalpy fluid injection. USP2016019243589.
  10. Shmueli, Yehuda; Shmueli, Eitan; Shmueli, Doron. Internal combustion engine using a water-based mixture as fuel and method for operating the same. USP2014108869755.
  11. Shmueli, Yehuda; Shmueli, Eitan; Shmueli, Doron. Internal combustion engine using a water-based mixture as fuel and method for operating the same. USP2015079074555.
  12. Hertweck, Gernot; Naber, Dirk; Sausen, Eckhard; Vent, Guido. Internal combustion engine with compression ignition. USP2004096789511.
  13. Keays, Steven J.. Internal combustion water injection engine. USP2010067739985.
  14. Kresnyak,Steve; Warchol,Edward. Method for converting heavy oil residuum to a useful fuel. USP2007107279017.
  15. Beck,Niels Johannes; Gebert,Kresimir; Wong,Hoi Ching. Multi-fuel compression ignition engine. USP2006057036482.
  16. Ahern Brian S. ; Haldeman Charles W. ; Preston John T.. Sub-critical water-fuel composition and combustion system. USP2001066240883.
  17. Brian S. Ahern ; Charles W. Haldeman ; John T. Preston. Sub-critical water-fuel composition and combustion system. USP2002126487994.
  18. Hofbauer, Peter; Laimboeck, Franz; Garrard, Tyler. Supercritical-state fuel injection system and method. USP2013088511287.
  19. Hunt Andrew T.. Systems and methods for delivering atomized fluids. USP2001086276347.
  20. Wasif, Samer P.. Utilizing a diluent to lower combustion instabilities in a gas turbine engine. USP2015049017064.