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특허 상세정보

Integrated fuel cell electric power generation system for submarine applications

특허상세정보
국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) H01M-008/04    H01M-008/06   
미국특허분류(USC) 429/017 ; 429/020 ; 429/024 ; 429/026
출원번호 US-0996101 (1997-12-22)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    McAndrews, Held & Malloy, Ltd.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 38  인용 특허 : 12
초록

An integrated electrochemical fuel cell power plant, including a fuel processing subsystem is suitable for use in a submarine. Selection and control of operating temperatures and pressures in the various subsystems and components of the fuel cell power plant are important aspects of submarine power plant design. A catalytic burner is used to heat a heat transfer fluid, which in turn is used to heat a vaporizer and reformer in the fuel processing subsystem. A hydrogen separator is used to obtain a substantially pure hydrogen fuel stream from the reformate...

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.] A method of operating a fuel cell electric power generation system for a submarine, said system comprising a solid polymerfuel cell stack for producing electrical power, said method comprising:(1) vaporizing a process fluid stream in a vaporizer to produce a vaporizer outlet outlet stream, said process fluid stream comprises methanol and water;(2) catalytically reforming said vaporizer outlet stream in a reformer to produce a reformate stream comprising hydrogen and carbon dioxide;(3) separating said reformate stream in a hydr...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (12)

  1. Palmer Ian (Cumbria GBX) Seymour Clive M. (Cumbria GBX) Dams Robert A. J. (West Sussex GBX). Application of fuel cells to power generation systems. USP1995035401589.
  2. Edlund David J. (Redmond OR) Newbold David D. (Bend OR) Frost Chester B. (Bend OR). Composite hydrogen separation element and module. USP1997075645626.
  3. Buxbaum Robert E. (811 Oak St. East Lansing MI 48823). Composite metal membrane for hydrogen extraction. USP1993065215729.
  4. Wright Bartram J. (Cartmel GBX) Seymour Clive M. (Trinkeld GBX) Adams Victor W. (Bath GB2) Catchpole John P. (Claygate GB2). Electrical generating plant. USP1992085141823.
  5. Gagnon ; Richard N.. Fuel cell fuel control system. USP1978074098960.
  6. Beshty Bahjat S. (Lower Makefield PA) Whelan James A. (Bricktown NJ). Fuel cell integrated with steam reformer. USP1987064670359.
  7. Vartanian George (Ellington CT). Fuel cell power plant. USP1990074943493.
  8. Edlund David J. (Bend OR). Hydrogen-permeable composite metal membrane. USP1993115259870.
  9. Edlund David J. (Bend OR) Friesen Dwayne T. (Bend OR). Hydrogen-permeable composite metal membrane and uses thereof. USP1993065217506.
  10. Takabayashi Yasuhiro (Kawasaki JPX). Method and apparatus for controlling the temperature of a reforming reaction catalyst. USP1991045006425.
  11. Okamoto Takafumi,JPX. Method for supplying fuel gas to fuel cell assembly. USP1998025714276.
  12. Baumert Robert M. (Vancouver CAX) Epp Danny G. (Tsawwassen CAX) Peters Eddy J. (New Westminster CAX). Radial flow fuel processor. USP1997105676911.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 38

  1. Couch, Harold T.; Sribnik, Frederick. Configuration enabling rapid fuel cell power from sub-freezing initial condition. USP2004086773840.
  2. Yamaoka, Masaaki; Yamashita, Masashi; Maeda, Iwao; Nagamiya, Kiyomi. Control device for a fuel reforming apparatus. USP2003096613465.
  3. Muramatsu, Hironori; Sugitani, Yukinobu. Control system for gas-turbine engine. USP2009087571045.
  4. Keppeler,Berthold. Device for producing hydrogen-containing gas for a fuel cell system. USP2007017160523.
  5. Aoyama,Satoshi; Ogino,Shigeru; Izawa,Yasuhiro; Iguchi,Satoshi; Masui,Takatoshi. Drive control of power system including fuel cells. USP2009037501195.
  6. King, George R.. Enhancement of proton exchange membrane fuel cell system by use of radial placement and integrated structural support system. USP2003066582842.
  7. Zhang, Wenlin; Havlinek, Kenneth L.; Nixon, Vance E.. Fuel cell for downhole and subsea power systems. USP2003066575248.
  8. Bette,Willi; Lersch,Josef; Mattejat,Arno; Strasser,Karl. Fuel cell installation. USP2008037348085.
  9. Franklin Delano Lomax ; Mujeeb Ismael Ijaz. Fuel cell power generation system and method for powering an electric vehicle. USP2002046368735.
  10. Hiyoshi, Takanori; Iwasaki, Yasukazu. Fuel cell power plant. USP2005036866953.
  11. Iio, Masatoshi; Iwasaki, Yasukazu. Fuel cell power plant. USP2005016841280.
  12. Garris, Charles Alexander. Fuel cell pressurization system. USP2003126663991.
  13. Komura Takashi,JPX ; Moriya Takashi,JPX ; Isobe Shoji,JPX ; Ushiro Toshiharu,JPX. Fuel cell system and draining method for the same. USP2001066242119.
  14. Kawasumi, Emi; Iwasaki, Yasukazu. Fuel cell system and method. USP2003066576360.
  15. Pratt, Steven D.; Muthuswamy, Sivakumar; Kelley, Ronald J.; Pennisi, Robert W.. Fuel cell system having a replaceable getter element for purifying the fuel supply. USP2004026689194.
  16. Werner Tillmetz DE; David P. Wilkinson CA; Kevin M. Colbow CA; Jean St.-Pierre CA. Fuel cell system with improved starting capability. USP2002066410175.
  17. Ohlsen, Leroy J.; Cooke, Aaron M.; Mallari, Jonathan C.; Chan, Chung M.; Rice, Gordon L.; Nelson, Craig E.. Fuel cells having silicon substrates and/or sol-gel derived support structures. USP2003116641948.
  18. Holland, Robert; Schubak, Gary; Bradley, Mark; O'Connor, Kevin; Peppley, Brant. Fuel processing system. USP2003066572837.
  19. Deshpande,Vijay A.; Krause,Curtis. Fuel processor for producing a hydrogen rich gas. USP2007067226490.
  20. Byron, Jr., Robert H.; Brown, Michael J.. Gas/liquid phase separator for electrolysis cell. USP2004036712944.
  21. Negishi, Yoshimasa; Yamaoka, Masaaki; Hattori, Kyo; Takada, Kazumasa; Tanaka, Hiromi; Kajiwara, Shigeto. Hydrogen generating system. USP2003126660244.
  22. Sioui, Daniel R.; Towler, Gavin P.; Oroskar, Anil R.; Zhou, Lubo; Dunne, Stephen R.; Kulprathipanja, Santi; Galperin, Leonid B.; Modica, Frank S.; Voskoboinikov, Timur V.. Hydrogen generation via methane cracking for integrated heat and electricity production using a fuel cell. USP2003016506510.
  23. Zhang,Wenlin; Walter,Joe. Long duration fuel cell system. USP2006087096955.
  24. King, George R.. Mass transport for ternary reaction optimization in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell assembly and stack assembly. USP2003036531238.
  25. Buxbaum,Robert E.. Membrane reactor for gas extraction. USP2007097267804.
  26. Angenendt,Hartmut; Iskra,Michael. Method and device for determining the residual travel duration of a submarine. USP2007117299114.
  27. Rush, Jr., Kenneth McClellan. Method and system for humidification of a fuel. USP2003026514634.
  28. Rene B. LaPierre ; Randall D. Partridge. Method and system for supplying hydrogen for use in fuel cells. USP2002026348278.
  29. Boneberg,Stefan; Strohmaier,Manfred; Theis,Erik. Method for electrically starting up a fuel cell. USP2007057214437.
  30. Kelley, Ronald James; Pratt, Steven Duane; Muthuswamy, Sivakumar; Pennisi, Robert. Method for humidifying a fuel stream for a direct methanol fuel cell. USP2005086936361.
  31. Myasnikov, Vitaliy; Young, Rosa; Li, Yang; Ovshinsky, Stanford R.. Onboard hydrogen storage unit with heat transfer system for use in a hydrogen powered vehicle. USP2005076918430.
  32. Autenrieth Rainer,DEX ; Boneberg Stefan,DEX ; Poschmann Thomas,DEX ; Schuebler Martin,DEX ; Wieland Steffen,DEX. Process for operating a water vapor reforming system, a reforming system operable thereby and a fuel cell system operating process. USP2001096294149.
  33. Autenrieth Rainer,DEX ; Boneberg Stefan,DEX ; Heil Dietmar,DEX ; Poschmann Thomas,DEX ; Wieland Steffen,DEX. Process for the water vapor reforming of a hydrocarbon or a hydrocarbon derivative, reforming system operable thereby, and fuel cell operating process. USP2001076268075.
  34. Docter,Andreas; Vogel,Bernhard; Wieland,Steffen Oliver. Reactor for autothermal reforming of hydrocarbons. USP2009017481856.
  35. Okuyama,Ryoichi; Yamamoto,Yoshihiro; Motoi,Masashi; Ashida,Katsuji. Submarine boat. USP2009017476456.
  36. Gulian, Franklin J.. Thermal integration of a catalytic burner and a carbon dioxide removal unit. USP20181210156373.
  37. Vyas, Parag; Lehar, Matthew Alexander; Devarajan, Ashalatha; Davey, Peter John; Ellson, Nicholas. Underwater power generation. USP2014028657011.
  38. Johnson, Mark C.; Miller, Eric R.; Addink, Jason L.; Rosales, Jorge L.; Rogers, Bradley B.. Unitary sliding vane compressor-expander and electrical generation system. USP2003076589033.