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특허 상세정보

Fuel cell system with combustor-heated reformer

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) H01M-008/02   
미국특허분류(USC) 429/026 ; 429/017 ; 429/018 ; 429/019 ; 429/020
출원번호 US-0980087 (1997-11-26)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Plant
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 157  인용 특허 : 12
초록

A fuel cell system including a fuel reformer heated by a catalytic combustor fired by anode effluent and/or fuel from a liquid fuel supply providing fuel for the fuel cell. The combustor includes a vaporizer section heated by the combustor exhaust gases for vaporizing the fuel before feeding it into the combustor. Cathode effluent is used as the principle oxidant for the combustor.

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.] In a fuel cell system comprising (a) a stack of H.sub.2 --O.sub.2 fuel cells discharging an H.sub.2 -containing anode effluent and an O.sub.2 -containing cathode effluent, (b) a reformer for converting a hydrogen-containing fuel selected from the group consisting of alcohols and hydrocarbons to H.sub.2 for fueling said cells, (c) a first heat exchanger operatively associated with said reformer for heating said reformer, and (d) a combustor providing hot exhaust gas to said first heat exchanger for heating said reformer during ...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (12)

  1. Steinfeld George (Southbury CT) Meyers Steven J. (Huntington Beach CA) Lee Arthur (Fishkill NY). Carbonate fuel cell system with thermally integrated gasification. USP1996095554453.
  2. Buswell Richard F. (Glastonbury CT) Cohen Ronald (Boca Raton FL) Clausi Joseph V. (Portland CT) Leavitt Stanley L. (North Canton CT) Watkins David S. (Coquitlam CAX). Catalytic hydrocarbon reformer with enhanced internal heat transfer mechanism. USP1996015484577.
  3. Cohen Ronald (West Hartford CT). Fuel cell evaporative cooling using fuel as a carrier gas. USP1991024994331.
  4. Beshty Bahjat S. (Lower Makefield PA) Whelan James A. (Bricktown NJ). Fuel cell integrated with steam reformer. USP1987064670359.
  5. Kaneko Hideo (Yokohama JPX) Nishigaki Hideo (Ichihara JPX). Fuel cell power generation system. USP1990054923768.
  6. Vanderborgh Nicholas E. (Los Alamos NM) Springer Thomas E. (Los Alamos NM) Huff James R. (Los Alamos NM). Fuel processor for fuel cell power system. USP1987034650727.
  7. Wertheim Ronald J. (Hartford CT). High pressure low heat rate phosphoric acid fuel cell stack. USP1987074678723.
  8. Struthers Ralph C. (39503 Calle El Fuente Saugus CA 91350). Hydrocarbon (hydrogen)/air aerogel catalyzed carbon electrode fuel cell system. USP1995075429886.
  9. Kerrebrock Peter A. (Attleboro MA) Wayne A. Steven (Malden MA). Hydrogen generation by hydrolysis of hydrides for undersea vehicle fuel cell energy systems. USP1994125372617.
  10. Struthers Ralph C. (39503 Calle El Fuente Saugus CA 91350). Methanol hydrogen fuel cell system. USP1987044659634.
  11. Andreoli Giuseppe L. (Alessandria ITX) Federici Flavio (Genoa ITX). Supply system for fuel cells of the S.P.E. (solid polymer electrolyte) type for hybrid vehicles. USP1997025605770.
  12. Senetar John J. (Petaluma CA). Thermal integration of an air-cooled fuel cell stack. USP1996055518828.

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