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특허 상세정보

Ring airfoil and launcher

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) F14B-007/00    A63H-027/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 12/4016 ; 12/408.1 ; 44/603.4 ; 44/604.8 ; 47/358.9
출원번호 US-0244908 (1999-02-04)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Marshall, O'Toole, Gerstein, Murray & Borun
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 27  인용 특허 : 41
초록

A toy includes a ring airfoil and a launcher to launch the ring airfoil. The ring air foil is formed with a rigid body portion and an energy absorbing material disposed on a leading edge. The launcher is adapted to substantially simultaneously impart rotational launching energy and translational launching energy to the ring airfoil.

대표
청구항

[ We claim:] [1.] A ring airfoil for launching from a launcher, the ring airfoil comprising:an annular body comprising a first portion and a second portion, the first portion comprising a thermoplastic elastomer having a first hardness, and the second portion comprising a thermoplastic elastomer have a second hardness greater than the first hardness;the first portion forming a leading edge of the ring airfoil and the second portion forming a trailing edge of the ring airfoil; andthe annular body having a thickness tapering from a maximum thickness adjace...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (41)

  1. Bowers Louis (10600 N. 62nd St. Temple Terrace FL 33617). Aerial toy. USP1981014246721.
  2. Hill Jerry M. (34-2137 West 1st Vancouver ; British Columbia CAX). Aerial toy. USP1988124790788.
  3. Webber David A. (Amelia OH). Air-powered toy gun. USP1993125267549.
  4. Panara Paul (Cagnes sur Mer FRX) Laporte Jean-Michel (Biot FRX). Apparatus for launching movable discs or targets for trap shooting. USP1993115259360.
  5. Ivy Jessie T. (686 W. Shore Dr. Anacortes WA 98221). Apparatus for throwing footballs. USP1995095447144.
  6. Buck Gordon H. (Torrance CA) Gabler Otto L. (Lawndale CA) Kilroy Eugene J. (Palos Verdes Estates CA) Leoncavallo Richard (Anaheim CA). Ball throwing machine. USP1981094291663.
  7. Malewicki Douglas J. (Irvine CA) Kubinski Robert M. (Mission Viejo CA). Combination beverage insulator and flying toy. USP1995035397261.
  8. Moormann Randall H. (Georgetown MA). Compressible ball launcher. USP1990014892081.
  9. Moormann Randall H. (Georgetown MA). Compressible ball launcher. USP1992055115794.
  10. Matsuzaki Tatsuya (Tokyo JPX) Ishida Hisashi (Tokyo JPX). Disc discharging toy. USP1997035611322.
  11. Killion Darryl B. (236 E. Palm Orange CA 92666). Disk launcher. USP1991095050575.
  12. Miller Miles C. (Joppatowne MD). Expendable launcher for non-lethal ring airfoil projectile. USP1979054154012.
  13. Moormann Randall H. (Georgetown MA) Gillespie Kevin A. (Reading MA) Henderson James R. (Lincoln MA). Flexible unitary circular air foil. USP1988044737128.
  14. Kyame Joseph J.. Flingable flying disc toy with a central opening with inwardly directed vanes. USP1998105816879.
  15. Klahn Dale H. (2572 La Conte Ave. Berkeley CA 94709) Upham Gary L. (3375 Picadilly Dr. San Jose CA 95118). Flying cylinder. USP1979054151674.
  16. Etheridge Ronald D. (170 Gaines Ct. Athens GA 30605). Flying toy. USP1989074850923.
  17. Sciarrillo Gerald (2616 Aein Rd. Orlando FL 32767) Woolford Michael G. (233 Hill St. Casselberry FL 32707). Football launching apparatus. USP1993075224701.
  18. MacDonald, Richard A.; MacDonald, James A.; Andrews, Joseph J.. Game ball. USP1977014003574.
  19. Adler, Alan J.. Gliding ring. USP1985124560358.
  20. Forti William M. ; Forti William B.. Gyroscopic flying device. USP1998105816880.
  21. Flatau Abraham (2003 Stockton Road Joppa MD 21085) Olson Donald N. (38 Atherton Road Lutherville MD 21093) Miller Miles C. (504 Haverhill Road Joppa MD 21085). Kinetic energy ring projectile. USP1976093982489.
  22. Harbin John J. (376 Brookdale Avenue Toronto ; Ontario CAX M5M 1R2). Magnetic target toy. USP1995085438972.
  23. Flatau Abraham (2003 Stockton Road Joppa MD 21085) Olson Donald N. (38 Atherton Road Lutherville MD 21093) Miller Miles C. (504 Haverhill Road Joppa MD 21085). Non-hazardous ring airfoil projectile of non-lethal material. USP1976043951070.
  24. Griffin David R. (Morning View KY) Boyle Ronald C. (Amelia OH). Projectile launcher. USP1996075535729.
  25. Moormann Randall H. (Georgetown MA). Rapid fire ball launcher. USP1992055113842.
  26. Griffin David R. (Morning View KY). Repeat firing toy projectile launcher. USP199508D361105.
  27. Rhodes Richard O. (490 Belvedere St. San Francisco CA 94117). Ring launching method and apparatus. USP1990094957092.
  28. Cudmore Patrick J. (Duxbury MA). Rotary wing device. USP1983064390148.
  29. Nottingham John R. (Moreland Hills OH) Spirk ; Jr. John W. (Moreland Hills OH) Webster ; Jr. Paul T. (Chagrin Falls OH) Lynch Christopher S. (Lakewood OH). Tethered ring-shaped toy. USP1993105254077.
  30. Richards Marvin D. (418 Del Sol Pleasanton CA 94566). Tossing ring and saucer. USP1989044820230.
  31. Burnham Richard T. (Walpole MA) Sutyak John (Wakefield MA). Toy archery set. USP1993075224464.
  32. Sutyak John R. (Wakefield MA). Toy archery set. USP199307D337796.
  33. Eddins Fred D. (Mapleville RI) Perry ; Jr. Francis V. (Foxboro MA). Toy glider. USP198507D279492.
  34. DeLuca Donald A. (Barrington RI). Toy gun. USP1993055213089.
  35. Lewinski David P. (Cincinnati OH) Boyle Ronald C. (Amelia OH). Toy gun. USP1995015377656.
  36. Meiser Daniel G. (Butler KY) Stewart Randolph C. (Cincinnati OH). Toy gun. USP1996075531210.
  37. Brown Robert L. (Cincinnati OH). Toy projectile launcher. USP199603D368280.
  38. Lewinski David P. (Cincinnati OH). Toy projectile launcher. USP199507D360439.
  39. Brown Robert L. (Cincinnati OH). Toy projectile shooter. USP199508D360914.
  40. Chen John Youngfu. Ultra-soft, ultra-elastic gel airfoils. USP1999025868597.
  41. Chen John Youngfu (Pacifica CA). Ultra-soft, ultra-elastic gel airfoils. USP1997085655947.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 27

  1. Hunter, John W.. Airfoil launching system. USP2003076599161.
  2. Gosling, Harry George Dennis. Annular airborne vehicle. USP2013048408489.
  3. Gosling, Harry George Dennis. Annular airborne vehicle. USP2012128328131.
  4. Gosling, Harry George Dennis. Annular airborne vehicle. USP2012098262016.
  5. Rodenhouse, Robert H.. Fastener gun washer assembly holding device and method of use. USP2013048413740.
  6. Walterscheid, Steve. Flying disc launching toy. USP2011070642226.
  7. Siebelink, Thomas. Foam dart gun. USP2012018091539.
  8. Siebelink, Thomas. Foam dart gun. USP2010017640922.
  9. Langenbeck, Keith A.. Hollow tube projectiles and launch systems thereof. USP2016079389051.
  10. Merems, Paul A.. Interceptor projectile and method of use. USP2013038387540.
  11. Dupont, James H.. Interceptor projectile with net and tether. USP2012068205537.
  12. Forti, William Mark. Launcher for flying cylinders. USP2010077748368.
  13. Scarr, Kimball Rustin. Less lethal ammunition. USP2013098528481.
  14. Scarr, Kimball Rustin. Less lethal ammunition. USP2011118065961.
  15. Vanek, Chester F.; Flatau, Abraham. Motorized multi-shot toy ring airfoil launcher. USP2005076915793.
  16. Vanek,Chester F.; Flatau,Abraham. Motorized multi-shot toy ring airfoil launcher. USP2006067063082.
  17. Sapir,David. Multi-purpose propulsion device. USP2008117448371.
  18. Scarr, Kimball Rustin. Multifire less lethal munitions. USP2013088511232.
  19. Scarr, Kimball R.. Ring airfoil glider expendable cartridge and glider launching method. USP2011087987790.
  20. Scarr, Kimball Rustin. Ring airfoil glider expendable cartridge and glider launching method. USP2012128327768.
  21. Scarr, Kimball Rustin. Ring airfoil glider with augmented stability. USP2014038661983.
  22. Scarr, Kimball Rustin. Ring airfoil glider with augmented stability. USP2016089404721.
  23. Hunter, John W.; Fryer, Robert M.; Sluder, Philip J.; Rauch, Robert A.. Ring airfoil launching system. USP2004066742509.
  24. Hunter,John W.; Fryer,Robert M.; Sluder,Philip J.; Rauch,Robert A.; Sramek,Steve. Ring airfoil launching system and components thereof. USP200605D522070.
  25. Li, Fengchao. Toy gun. USP201502D723114.
  26. Li, Fengchao. Toy gun. USP201412D720409.
  27. Johnson, Michael R.; Hall, Garrett L.. Weapon interceptor projectile with deployable frame and net. USP2013038387507.