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특허 상세정보

Burn rate-enhanced high gas yield non-azide gas generants

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-031/28   
미국특허분류(USC) 14/9046
출원번호 US-0221910 (1998-12-28)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Brown
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 20  인용 특허 : 24
초록

Gas generant compositions and methods of processing are provided which produce or result in a relatively high burning rate and low burning rate pressure exponent, while also desirably providing a high gas output, as compared to normal or typical gas generant formulations such as used in association with vehicle occupant restraint airbag cushions.

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.] A gas generant composition comprising:between about 30 and about 60 wt % of a non-azide nitrogen-containing organic fuel material comprising guanidine nitrate,between about 15 and about 55 wt % metal ammine nitrate oxidizer,between about 2 and about 10 wt % metal oxide bum rate enhancing and slag formation additive, andbetween about 0 and about 35 wt % ammonium nitrate supplemental oxidizer, wherein the metal ammine nitrate oxidizer is present in a greater relative amount than the ammonium nitrate supplemental oxidizer and whe...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (24)

  1. Highsmith Thomas K. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Bitetrazoleamine gas generant compositions. USP1997105682014.
  2. Bradford Daniel J. (Bountiful UT) Goleniewski John R. (Sandy UT). Chlorine-free solid rocket propellant for space boosters. USP1993125271778.
  3. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Composition for controlling oxides of nitrogen. USP1992085139588.
  4. Scheffee Robert S. ; Wheatley Brian K.. Eutectic mixtures of ammonium nitrate and amino guanidine nitrate. USP1998035726382.
  5. Cartwright Richard V. (Sussex NJ). Extrudable gas generating propellants, method and apparatus. USP1992065125684.
  6. Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT) Deppert Thomas M. (Brigham City UT). Gas generant composition for use with aluminum components. USP1996065529647.
  7. Barnes Michael W. (Brigham City UT) Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT). Gas generant compositions containing amine nitrates plus basic copper (II) nitrate and/or cobalt(III) triammine trinitra. USP1997035608183.
  8. Henry Ronald A. (Ridgecrest CA) Reed ; Jr. Russell (Ridgecrest CA) Chan May L. (Ridgecrest CA). Gas generant compositions containing energetic high nitrogen binders. USP1991105053086.
  9. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P. ; Haun Daniel. Gas generating compositions. USP1998075780768.
  10. Highsmith Thomas K. (North Ogden UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Hinshaw Jerald C. (Ogden UT) Doll Daniel W. (Ogden UT). Gas generating compositions based on salts of 5-nitraminotetrazole. USP1996055516377.
  11. Bucerius Klaus Martin (Karlsruhe DEX) Eisenreich Norbert (Pfinztal DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walter (Woschbach DEX). Gas generating mixture containing copper diammine dinitrate. USP1997095663524.
  12. Poole Donald R.. Low-residue azide-free gas generant composition. USP1998075783773.
  13. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1998035725699.
  14. Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Method for preparing anhydrous tetrazole gas generant compositions. USP1995125472647.
  15. Lyon Lyman R. (Bloomfield Hills MI). Nonazide gas generating compositions with reduced toxicity upon combustion. USP1995105460668.
  16. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Process for preparing azide-free gas generant composition. USP1996075531941.
  17. Engel Walter (Wschbach DEX) Eisenreich Norbert (Pfinztal DEX) Thiel Klaus-Dieter (Karlsruhe DEX). Process for producing phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1991115063036.
  18. Hommel Horst (Karlsruhe DEX) Schubert Hiltmar (Walzbachtal DEX). Process for the production of particulate ammonium nitrate for solid fuels or explosives. USP1990054925600.
  19. Mitson Scott C. (Honeyville UT) Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT) Deppert Thomas M. (Brigham City UT) Barnes Michael W. (Brigham City UT). Processing aids for gas generants. USP1996055518054.
  20. Scheffee Robert S. ; Thibodeau Robert Lee ; Wheatley Brian K.. Pyrotechnic method of generating a particulate-free, non-toxic odorless and colorless gas. USP1998055747730.
  21. Menke Klaus (Bruchsal DEX) Bohnlein-Mauss Jutta (Speyer DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walther (Woschbach DEX). Solid propellant based on phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1997015596168.
  22. Menke Klaus (Bruchsal DEX) Bohnlein-Mauss Jutta (Speyer DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walther (Woschbach DEX). Solid propellant based on phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1996125589661.
  23. Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1996085545272.
  24. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Using metal complex compositions as gas generants. USP1998045735118.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 20

  1. Smith Bradley W.. Adaptive output pyrotechnic inflator. USP2001116314889.
  2. Smith, Bradley W.. Adaptive output, toroidal-shaped pyrotechnic inflator. USP2005116966578.
  3. Rink, Karl K.; Moore, Walter A.. Airbag inflation gas generation. USP2003106634302.
  4. Larsen, Alan R.; Rouesche, Clark. Airbag inflator with adaptive flow orifice. USP2003126655712.
  5. Barnes, Michael W.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.. Alkali metal perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2013038388777.
  6. Barnes, Michael W.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.. Alkali metal perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2012018101033.
  7. Barnes,Michael W.; Mendenhall,Ivan V.; Taylor,Robert D.. Ammonium perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2006127147733.
  8. Taylor, Robert D.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.. Burn rate enhancement of basic copper nitrate-containing gas generant compositions. USP2011087998292.
  9. Lang,Gregory J.; Staheli,William D.; Lewis,Robert E.; Taylor,Steve. Center discharge hybrid inflator device. USP2007117290797.
  10. Taylor, Robert D.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Parkinson, David W.. Gas generant compositions containing copper ethylenediamine dinitrate. USP2003076592691.
  11. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Gas generant manufacture. USP2002086436211.
  12. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Lund, Gary K.. Gas generating compositions having glass fibers. USP2014088808476.
  13. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.; Parkinson, David W.; Smith, Robert G.; Rink, Karl K.. Gas generation with reduced NOx formation. USP2004016673173.
  14. Cox, Matthew A.; Smith, Bradley W.; Russell, K. Doyle; Jones, Michael. Generant grain assembly formed of multiple symmetric pieces. USP2015069051223.
  15. Lund, Gary K.; Bradford, Roger. High performance gas generating compositions. USP2014088815029.
  16. Bradford, Roger; Cronin, Thomas; Mendenhall, Ivan; Hussey, Brett. Methods of manufacturing monolithic generant grains. USP2015119193639.
  17. Hussey, Brett; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Bradford, Roger. Monolithic gas generant grains. USP2011118057610.
  18. Hussey, Brett; Mendenhall, Ivan; Bradford, Roger. Monolithic gas generant grains. USP2010077758709.
  19. Brisighella, Dario; Hussey, Brett. Multi-composition pyrotechnic grain. USP2011118057611.
  20. Hamilton, Brian K.. Phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP2005036872265.