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특허 상세정보

Recoverable booster stage and recovery method

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) B64G-001/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 244/158R ; 244/172 ; 244/002
출원번호 US-0030724 (1998-02-25)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Baker Botts L.L.P.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 15  인용 특허 : 29
초록

A recoverable/reusable booster stage has a restartable center liquid-fueled rocket engine mounted in the aft portion of a vehicle body in alignment with the center axis of the body. The booster stage may also include two side liquid-fueled rocket engines mounted in the aft portion of the body in symmetrical relation to the center rocket engine. After booster stage separation, the center engine is restarted to direct the booster stage towards a recovery site.

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.] A launch vehicle, comprising:an upper stage operable to carry a payload; anda booster stage having a body with a longitudinal center axis and an aft portion, the booster stage further comprising a restartable center rocket engine mounted in the aft portion of the body in alignment with the center axis of the body, whereby the center rocket engine restarts after separation to direct the booster stage to a recovery site.

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (29)

  1. Peoples John R. (Moorpark CA) Phillips Billy R. (Canoga Park CA). Detachable thrust vector mechanism for an aeronautical vehicle. USP1989074844380.
  2. Martin James A. (Gloucester VA). Earth-to-orbit vehicle providing a reusable orbital stage. USP1989124884770.
  3. Bradford Michael D. (Santa Maria CA) McKinney Bevin C. (Ventura CA). Embedded pressurization system for hybrid rocket motor. USP1992065119627.
  4. Asaoka Leo K. (Huntsville AL) Chew William M. (Huntsville AL) May Douglas L. (Huntsville AL). Gel/solid bipropellant propulsion system with energy management capability. USP1992075133183.
  5. Palmer William R. (Melbourne FL). High altitude launch platform payload launching apparatus and method. USP1995105456424.
  6. Palmer William R. (Melbourne FL). High altitude launch platform payload launching apparatus and method. USP1996105564648.
  7. Palmer William R. (Melbourne FL). High altitude launch platform payload launching apparatus and method. USP1994035295642.
  8. Hardy Richard (Seattle WA) Hardy Jonathan (Seattle WA) Kornell Thomas J. (Federal Way WA) Tallquist Kenneth M. (Bellevue WA). Horizontal-takeoff transatmospheric launch system. USP1989024802639.
  9. DeFreitas Dennis M. (Oxford NY) Darling Timothy W. (Los Alamos NM) Migliori Albert (Santa Fe NM) Rees Daniel E. (Los Alamos NM). Ignition methods and apparatus using microwave energy. USP1997115689949.
  10. Grafwallner Franz (Holzkirchen DT) Schutz Manfred (Ottobrunn DT). Ignition system for rocket engine combustion chambers operated by non-hypergolic propellant components. USP1976033943706.
  11. Martin James A. (Gloucester VA). Integrated launch and emergency vehicle system. USP1992095143327.
  12. Leonard Byron P. (13700 Tahiti Way Marina Del Rey CA 90292). Launch vehicle with interstage propellant manifolding. USP1992085141181.
  13. Davies Stephen H. (Telford GB2). Lock for an engine thrust reverser. USP1995045404714.
  14. Kistler Walter Paul (Redmond WA). Methods and apparatus for reusable launch platform and reusable spacecraft. USP1997095667167.
  15. Mockovciak ; Jr. John (Pearland TX). Modular earth-return space vehicle. USP1992105158248.
  16. Thole John M. (Redlands CA) Kelly Michael S. (Redlands CA). Modular solid-propellant launch vehicle and related launch facility. USP1993065217188.
  17. Bastian Thomas W. (Fullerton CA) Roberts J. Sydney (Fullerton CA). Multi-burn solid fuel restartable rocket and method of use. USP1982114357795.
  18. Criswell David R. (4003 Camino Lindo San Diego CA 92122). Multiconfiguration reusable space transportation system. USP1989054834324.
  19. Koppel Christophe (St. Denis FRX). Optimized system for feeding a reignitable rocket engine. USP1996075531067.
  20. Jackson Liam R. (Newport News VA) Weidner John P. (Newport News VA) Small William J. (Seaford VA) Martin James A. (Gloucester VA). Orbiter/launch system. USP1981054265416.
  21. Salkeld Robert J. (920 Louisiana S.E. #88 Albuquerque NM 87108). Projectile delivery system. USP1992025090642.
  22. Foust Robert R. (Palm Beach FL). Rocket engine with redundant capabilities. USP1990044912925.
  23. . Space launch vehicle. USP1989014796839.
  24. Kelly Michael S. (Redlands CA). Space launch vehicles configured as gliders and towed to launch altitude by conventional aircraft. USP1997055626310.
  25. Carmouche William J. (353 Stanford Ave. Baton Rouge LA 70808). Spaceship to harness radiations in interstellar flights. USP1991105058833.
  26. Seeger Hans-Jochen (Ganderkesee DEX). Steering of an aerodynamic vehicle. USP1979084163534.
  27. Muller Wolfgang (Mockmuhl DEX) Munding German (Bad Friedrichshall DEX). Thrust-generating device. USP1997095661970.
  28. Stiennon Patrick J. G. (Madison WI). Two stage launch vehicle and launch trajectory method. USP1996105568901.
  29. MacConochie Ian O. (Yorktown VA) Briener Charles A. (Hampton VA). Two-stage earth-to-orbit transport with translating oblique wings for booster recovery. USP1991075031857.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 15

  1. Robertson, James Hamilton. Adapter for connecting rocket stages. USP2003096622971.
  2. Carpenter, Jon J.; Cronick, Jeffrey J.; Green, Jennifer L.; Lindley, Brian R.; Wechsler, James K.. Autonomous orbit transfer vehicle. USP2003056568639.
  3. Featherstone, Mark. Control surfaces for use with high speed vehicles, and associated systems and methods. USP2015038991767.
  4. Featherstone, Mark; Boelitz, Frederick W.; Ramsey, Roger E.; Biggs, David M.. Control surfaces for use with high speed vehicles, and associated systems and methods. USP2017029580191.
  5. Carpenter, Jon J.; Cronick, Jeffrey J.; Green, Jennifer L.; Lindley, Brian R.; Wechsler, James K.; Smith, Thomas R.. Crewed on-orbit, returnable, and reusable space vehicle. USP2003126666409.
  6. Carpenter, Jon J.; Cronick, Jeffrey J.; Green, Jennifer L.; Lindley, Brian R.; Wechsler, James K.; Smith, Thomas R.. Crewed on-orbit, returnable, and reusable space vehicle. USP2003056557803.
  7. Burgener, John A.; Clapp, Mitchell Burnside; DeLong, Daniel Lee. In-flight transfer of reactant from a towing or carrying airplane to an attached rocket or rocketplane. USP20181010106273.
  8. Featherstone, Mark; Sanders, John Michael; Ramsey, Roger E.; Wetzel, Eric David. Launch vehicles with ring-shaped external elements, and associated systems and methods. USP2016119487308.
  9. Talmage, Jr.,Robert N.. Modular aerospace plane. USP2007067234667.
  10. Johnson,Michael D.; Baker,James D.; Eichstadt,Frank T.; Bain,Michael E.. Multipurpose modular spacecraft. USP2007057219859.
  11. Wainfan, Barnaby S.; James, Warren W.; Sokol, Daniel H.. Process for recovering a spacecraft first stage. USP2010117834859.
  12. Coraboeuf, Yohann; Dutheil, Jean-Philippe. Propulsion unit for reusable launch vehicle. USP2018059981757.
  13. Mueller,George E.; Kohrs,Richard H.; Duncan,William B.; Cochran,David B.; Misterek,Dean L.; Burlison,Terill L.; Curtis,Ryan M.; Johnson,Thomas; Bailey,Richard A.; Limerick,Charles D.. Reusable orbital vehicle with interchangeable cargo modules. USP2007047198233.
  14. Straw, Anthony D.. Space access system with reusable booster. USP2014088800934.
  15. Smith, Norman Louis. System and method for return and landing of launch vehicle booster stage. USP2004116817580.