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특허 상세정보

Vehicle powered by a fuel cell/gas turbine combination

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) B60L-011/18   
미국특허분류(USC) 180/065.3 ; 429/013
출원번호 US-0202968 (1998-12-23)
국제출원번호 PCT/US98/21687 (1998-10-14)
§371/§102 date 19981223 (19981223)
국제공개번호 WO-9919161 (1999-04-22)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Brooks & Kushman P.C.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 47  인용 특허 : 13
초록

A hybrid electric vehicle powered by a combination fuel cell and a gas turbine driven generator. The fuel cell is sized relative to the gas turbine and the vehicle such that up to about 50 percent of the vehicle's maximum sustainable power is supplied by the fuel cell electrical power output. This relative power source size achieves improved fuel consumption compared to vehicles powered by combustion engines without the cost penalty associated with a fuel cell large enough to power the vehicle. At low power requirements, the fuel cell efficiently provide...

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [9.]9. A power source for a hybrid electric vehicle for generating electric power in an amount up to a maximum sustainable power level from a supply of a hydrocarbon fuel and air, the power source comprising:an a compressor generating a supply of compressed air;a fuel cell receiving a first quantity of the fuel and a first portion of the supply of compressed air, the fuel cell generating a first electrical power output and a supply of fuel cell exhaust gas, the first electrical power output reaching a maximum fuel cell power output...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (13)

  1. Wolfe William R. (Pittsburgh PA) Taylor Owen S. (Jeannette PA) Vasilow Theodore R. (Irwin PA) Wolfe Arthur L. (Murrysville PA) Pierre Joseph F. (Valencia PA) Wiss John W. (Pittsburgh PA). Fuel cell powered propulsion system. USP1997105678647.
  2. Kumar Romesh (Naperville IL) Ahmed Shabbir (Evanston IL) Krumpelt Michael (Naperville IL) Myles Kevin M. (Downers Grove IL). Fuel cell system for transportation applications. USP1993095248566.
  3. Shingai Hiroshi (Kawasaki JPX) Nishigaki Hideo (Kawasaki JPX). Fuel cell/gas turbine combined power generation system and method for operating the same. USP1996015482791.
  4. Bates Bradford ; Belaire Richard C. ; Stephan Craig Hammann. Hybrid electric propulsion system using a dual shaft turbine engine. USP1998065762156.
  5. Wolfe Dave ; Minh Nguyen ; Meister Kurt ; Matulich Dan. Hybrid electrical power system. USP1999105968680.
  6. Domeracki William F. (Lake Mary FL) Lundberg Wayne L. (Pittsburgh PA) Dowdy Thomas E. (Orlando FL) Linder JoAnn M. (Clifton Park NY). Integrated gas turbine solid oxide fuel cell system. USP1995055413879.
  7. Rosen Harold A. ; Khalizadeh Claude ; Pano Scott B. ; Kubicky Joseph J. ; Rubin Seymour N.. Magnetic bearing system including a control system for a flywheel and method for operating same. USP1998015708312.
  8. Bromberg Leslie (Sharon MA) Cohn Daniel R. (Chesnut Hill MA) Rabinovich Alexander (Salem MA). Plasmatron-fuel cell system for generating electricity. USP1995045409784.
  9. Skowronski Mark J.. Power generation system utilizing turbine and fuel cell. USP1998095811201.
  10. Bloomfield David P. (West Hartford CT). Pressurized fuel cell power plant. USP1977014004947.
  11. Benz Uwe (Uhldingen DEX) Fleck Wolfram (Erbach DEX) Hornburg Gerald (Elchingen DEX). Process and apparatus for supplying air to a fuel cell system. USP1995075434016.
  12. Brown Donald W. (Gibsonia PA) Hannan ; III William F. (Monroeville PA) Pavlik Dennis (Murrysville PA). Reconfigurable hybrid power generation system. USP1996075532573.
  13. Hsu Michael S. (Lincoln MA) Hoag Ethan D. (East Boston MA). Ultra-high efficiency turbine and fuel cell combination. USP1997125693201.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 47

  1. Shkondin,Vasily Vasilievich. All wheel drive vehicle. USP2008127468587.
  2. Ennis, Bernard P.. Carbon capture with power generation. USP2014108850826.
  3. Kesseli, James B.; Nash, James S.. Ceramic-to-metal turbine shaft attachment. USP2015069051873.
  4. Baldwin, Matthew Stephen. Ceramic-to-metal turbine volute attachment for a gas turbine engine. USP20181010094288.
  5. Hu, Haoran; Stover, Thomas; Morscheck, Timothy J.; Miles, Kathryn A.; Watts, Patrick M.; Wiersma, Diane C.. Clean power system. USP2010017648785.
  6. Hu, Haoran; Stover, Thomas; Morscheck, Timothy J.; Miles, Kathryn A.; Watts, Patrick M.; Wiersma, Diane C.. Clean power system. USP2010107818959.
  7. Antrobus, Craig L.. Constant recharging air and electric alternating vehicle power system. USP2014048701804.
  8. Donnelly, Frank Wegner; Dewis, David William. Dispatchable power from a renewable energy facility. USP2014108866334.
  9. Stahlhut,Ronnie Dean; Vuk,Carl Thomas. Electrical power regulation for a turbogenerator and generator associated with an internal combustion engine. USP2008027336000.
  10. Boudreaux, Joseph P.. Electrically powered vehicle engine. USP2009107605493.
  11. Robert Dean King ; Lembit Salasoo ; Dongwoo Song ; Somanath Nagendra. Energy management system and method. USP2002086441581.
  12. Hotto, Robert. Enhanced efficiency turbine. USP2015069059440.
  13. Hotto, Robert. Enhanced efficiency turbine. USP2010107818969.
  14. Clawson,Lawrence G.. Fuel fired hydrogen generator. USP2008107434547.
  15. Dewis, David William; Kesseli, James; Donnelly, Frank Wegner; Wolf, Thomas; Upton, Timothy; Watson, John D.. Gas turbine energy storage and conversion system. USP2013088499874.
  16. Dewis, David William; Kesseli, James; Donnelly, Frank Wegner; Wolf, Thomas; Watson, John D.. Gas turbine energy storage and conversion system. USP2014048708083.
  17. Donnelly, Frank Wegner; Dewis, David William. Gas turbine engine configurations. USP2014038669670.
  18. Fraser, Brock; Mott, Philip J. High speed traction motor for a vehicle also having an auxiliary open Brayton cycle power assist and range extender. USP2016119505298.
  19. Clawson, Lawrence G.. High-efficiency Otto cycle engine with power generating expander. USP2004116817182.
  20. Jahnke, Fred C.; Farooque, Mohammad; Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein. High-efficiency dual-stack molten carbonate fuel cell system. USP2011118062799.
  21. Jahnke, Fred C.; Farooque, Mohammad; Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein. High-efficiency dual-stack molten carbonate fuel cell system. USP2012088236458.
  22. Clawson, Lawrence G.; O'Brien, Christopher J.; Hagan, Mark R.. High-efficiency fuel cell power system with power generating expander. USP2005076916564.
  23. Clawson,Lawrence G.. High-efficiency otto cycle engine with power generating expander. USP2006067062915.
  24. Geis, Everett R.. Hybrid electric vehicle DC power generation system. USP2004016683389.
  25. Shiraishi, Takuya; Nogi, Toshiharu; Oosuga, Minoru; Sukegawa, Yoshihiro. Hybrid vehicle driven by composit torque generated by an internal-combustion engine and an electric motor, and method of operating same. USP2003056570265.
  26. Tanaka, Tomohiro; Hosotani, Ichiro; Hirakata, Syuji. Hydrogen using system for installation in vehicle and control method for the system. USP2003036536551.
  27. Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein. Integrated fuel cell and heat engine hybrid system for high efficiency power generation. USP2011017862938.
  28. Varatharajan, Balachandar; Balan, Chellappa; Dey, Debashis. Integrated fuel cell hybrid power plant with controlled oxidant flow for combustion of spent fuel. USP2009097595124.
  29. Clawson, Lawrence G.; Hagan, Mark R.. Joint-cycle high-efficiency fuel cell system with power generating turbine. USP2005076921595.
  30. Kesseli, James B.; Baldwin, Matthew Stephen. Metallic ceramic spool for a gas turbine engine. USP2015038984895.
  31. Acker, William P.. Method and apparatus for CO2 - driven air management for a fuel cell system. USP2003056566003.
  32. Stahlhut, Ronnie Dean; Vuk, Carl Thomas. Method and system for managing an electrical output of a turbogenerator. USP2010087781904.
  33. Stahlhut, Ronnie Dean; Vuk, Carl Thomas. Method and system for managing an electrical output of a turbogenerator. USP2009067541687.
  34. Campbell,Anthony Bruce; Smugeresky,Craig Steven. Methods and apparatus for controlled solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC)/turbine hybrid power generation. USP2008117456517.
  35. Pu, Jin. Mid-engine extended range electric vehicle. USP20190210202044.
  36. Domes, Timothy. Pneumatic mechanical power source. USP2015109163507.
  37. Tsunoda,Tadashi. Power generating system. USP2007017166380.
  38. Botti, Jean Joseph; Grieve, Malcolm James; Miller, Carl Elmer. Power generation system and method. USP2003086609582.
  39. Botti, Jean Joseph; Grieve, Malcom James; Miller, Carl Elmer. Power generation system and method with exhaust side solid oxide fuel cell. USP2003126655325.
  40. Manente, Vittorio. Series-parallel electric hybrid powertrain with multi fuel capabilities. USP2017039604527.
  41. Johnson, Robert Paul. Solar-powered, liquid-hydrocarbon-fuel synthesizer. USP2010077752845.
  42. Hotto, Robert. System and method for extracting propulsion energy from motor vehicle exhaust. USP2012108286742.
  43. Hotto, Robert. System and method for extracting propulsion energy from motor vehicle exhaust. USP2009047520350.
  44. Oglesby, Keith Andrew; Osborne, Kurt David; Yang, Woong-chul. System and method for recovering energy of a hydrogen gas fuel supply for use in a vehicle. USP2003076591926.
  45. Hu, Haoran. System and method of operating internal combustion engines at fuel rich low-temperature- combustion mode as an on-board reformer for solid oxide fuel cell-powered vehicles. USP2013068463529.
  46. Lammers, Bryan Gerard; Henderson, Daniel Edward; Roal, James Allen; Wai, Jackson. Turbine engine hybrid power supply. USP2015089099882.
  47. Plishner, Paul J.. Vehicle with a distributed motor. USP2005046880654.