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특허 상세정보

Low-smoke pyrotechnic compositions

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-047/08    C06B-029/22   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/036 ; 149/076 ; 149/109.2
출원번호 US-0295728 (1999-04-20)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Cottrell
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 18  인용 특허 : 10
초록

A low-smoke producing pyrotechnic composition including a high-nitrogen content, low-carbon content energetic material, an oxidant and a colorant is disclosed together with the use of selected metal salts of a high-nitrogen content, low-carbon content energetic material as the colorant.

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.]1. A low-smoke producing pyrotechnic composition comprising:a high-nitrogen content, low-carbon content energetic material selected from the group consisting of 5,5'-bis-1H-tetrazole, salts of 5,5'-bis-1H-tetrazole, bis(1(2)H-tetrazol-5-yl)-amine, the monohydrate of bis(1(2)H-tetrazol-5-yl)-amine, salts of bis(1(2)H-tetrazol-5-yl)-amine;an oxidizing agent; and,a barium salt as a colorant.

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (10)

  1. Highsmith Thomas K. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Bitetrazoleamine gas generant compositions. USP1997105682014.
  2. Lundstrom Norman H.. Gas generant complex oxidizers. USP1999105962808.
  3. Highsmith Thomas K. (North Ogden UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Hinshaw Jerald C. (Ogden UT) Doll Daniel W. (Ogden UT). Gas generating compositions based on salts of 5-nitraminotetrazole. USP1996055516377.
  4. Hiskey Michael A. ; Chavez David E.. High-nitrogen energetic material based pyrotechnic compositions. USP1999065917146.
  5. Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Method for preparing anhydrous tetrazole gas generant compositions. USP1995125472647.
  6. Highsmith Thomas K. (North Ogden UT) Hajik Robert M. (Willard UT) Wardle Robert B. (Logan UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT). Methods for synthesizing and processing bis-(1(2)H-tetrazol-5-yl)-amine. USP1995115468866.
  7. Bottaro Jeffrey C. ; Schmitt Robert J. ; Penwell Paul E.. N,N'-azobis-nitroazoles and analogs thereof as igniter compounds for use in energetic compositions. USP1999035889161.
  8. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Scheffee Robert S. ; Luke Daniel S.. Nonazide ammonium nitrate based gas generant compositions that burn at ambient pressure. USP2000016017404.
  9. Burns Sean P. ; Khandhadia Paresh S.. Nonazide gas generant compositions. USP1999025872329.
  10. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT). Preparation of anhydrous tetrazole gas generant compositions. USP1996035501823.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 18

  1. Koppes, William M.; Sitzmann, Michael E.. 1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-a][1,3,5]triazine-3,5,7-substituted precursor, and process, and compounds therefrom. USP2003106632305.
  2. Hiskey, Michael A.; Chavez, David E.; Naud, Darren. 3,6BIS(1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazol-5-ylamino)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine or salt thereof. USP2003126657059.
  3. Naud, Darren; Thomas, John David. Fuel/air concussion apparatus. USP2017089726466.
  4. Naud, Darren; Thomas, John David. Fuel/air concussion apparatus and method. USP20181110139204.
  5. Rose, James E.; Elstrodt, Douglas; Puszynski, Jan A.. Lead-free pyrotechnic composition. USP2003126663731.
  6. Webb, Rutger; Zebregs, Martijn; Zevenbergen, John Franciscus; Van Rooijen, Murk Pieter. Low-smoke pyrotechnic composition for producing colored flames. USP2013078486207.
  7. Zebregs, Martijn; van Rooijen, Murk Pieter; Webb, Rutger. Method for preparing a pyrotechnic composition and charge. USP2014098845833.
  8. Hordos, Deborah L.; Burns, Sean P.. Method of making monoammonium salt of 5,5′-bis-1H-tetrazole. USP2010057714143.
  9. Hordos, Deborah L.; Burns, Sean P.. Method of making monoammonium salt of bis-(1(2)H-tetrazol-5-yl)-amine. USP201401RE44721.
  10. Shortridge, Robert G.; Yamamoto, Christina M.. Perchlorate-free green signal flare composition. USP2011087988801.
  11. Shortridge, Robert G.; Yamamoto, Christina M.. Perchlorate-free red signal flare composition. USP2012078216403.
  12. Shortridge, Robert G.; Yamamoto, Christina M.. Perchlorate-free red signal flare composition. USP2012108277583.
  13. Yamamoto, Christina M.; Shortridge, Robert G.. Perchlorate-free yellow signal flare composition. USP2013028366847.
  14. Yamamoto, Christina M.; Shortridge, Robert G.. Perchlorate-free yellow signal flare composition. USP2014078784584.
  15. Yamamoto, Christina M.; Shortridge, Robert G.. Perchlorate-free yellow signal flare composition. USP2013108568542.
  16. Zevenbergen, John Franciscus; Webb, Rutger; Van Rooijen, Murk Pieter. Pyrotechnic colour composition. USP2012038142581.
  17. Abdelkader M. Helmy ; Wen Tong. Reduced smoke gas generant with improved mechanical stability. USP2002086431597.
  18. Koppes, William M.; Sitzmann, Michael E.. Triazolyl-tetrazinyl-aminotriazine compounds useful in pyrotechnic compositions and process thereof. USP2003086602366.