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특허 상세정보

Gas generant manufacture

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) D03D-023/00    C06B-047/08    C06B-031/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/109.6 ; 149/036 ; 149/045
출원번호 US-0454041 (1999-12-03)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Brown
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 9  인용 특허 : 33
초록

A method of making a gas generant formulation which contains a transition metal diammine dinitrate is provided wherein a transition metal nitrate is reacted with an ammonia source to form an aqueous slurry containing a corresponding reaction mixture. A spray dryable precursor to the gas generant formulation is formed including at least a gas generating fuel and a sufficient quantity of water to render the precursor spray dryable. The precursor is subsequently spray dried to form a gas generant powder. The method may also include a relatively mild heat tr...

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.]1. A method of making a gas generant formulation which contains a transition metal diammine dinitrate, the method comprising the steps of:combining at least a nitrate of at least one transition metal with an ammonia source in an aqueous slurry to form a corresponding reaction mixture;forming a spray dryable precursor to the gas generant formulation, the precursor comprising the aqueous slurry reaction mixture, a gas generant formulation fuel component and a sufficient quantity of water to render the precursor spray dryable; and...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (33)

  1. Highsmith Thomas K. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Bitetrazoleamine gas generant compositions. USP1997105682014.
  2. Bradford Daniel J. (Bountiful UT) Goleniewski John R. (Sandy UT). Chlorine-free solid rocket propellant for space boosters. USP1993125271778.
  3. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Composition for controlling oxides of nitrogen. USP1992085139588.
  4. Scheffee Robert S. ; Wheatley Brian K.. Eutectic mixtures of ammonium nitrate and amino guanidine nitrate. USP1998035726382.
  5. Scheffee Robert S. ; Wheatley Brian K.. Eutectic mixtures of ammonium nitrate, guanidine nitrate and potassium perchlorate. USP1998125850053.
  6. Cartwright Richard V. (Sussex NJ). Extrudable gas generating propellants, method and apparatus. USP1992065125684.
  7. Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT) Deppert Thomas M. (Brigham City UT). Gas generant composition for use with aluminum components. USP1996065529647.
  8. Barnes Michael W. (Brigham City UT) Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT). Gas generant compositions containing amine nitrates plus basic copper (II) nitrate and/or cobalt(III) triammine trinitra. USP1997035608183.
  9. Henry Ronald A. (Ridgecrest CA) Reed ; Jr. Russell (Ridgecrest CA) Chan May L. (Ridgecrest CA). Gas generant compositions containing energetic high nitrogen binders. USP1991105053086.
  10. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P. ; Haun Daniel. Gas generating compositions. USP1998075780768.
  11. Highsmith Thomas K. (North Ogden UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Hinshaw Jerald C. (Ogden UT) Doll Daniel W. (Ogden UT). Gas generating compositions based on salts of 5-nitraminotetrazole. USP1996055516377.
  12. Bucerius Klaus Martin (Karlsruhe DEX) Eisenreich Norbert (Pfinztal DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walter (Woschbach DEX). Gas generating mixture. USP1997105677510.
  13. Bucerius Klaus Martin (Karlsruhe DEX) Eisenreich Norbert (Pfinztal DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walter (Woschbach DEX). Gas generating mixture containing copper diammine dinitrate. USP1997095663524.
  14. Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX). Gas-generating mixture. USP1996085542998.
  15. Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX). Gas-generating mixture. USP1996085542999.
  16. Wilson Kimberly A. ; Wilson Michael A. ; Poole Donald R. ; Holland Gary F.. Low temperature autoigniting propellant composition. USP1999025866842.
  17. Poole Donald R.. Low-residue azide-free gas generant composition. USP1998075783773.
  18. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Doll Daniel W. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1997015592812.
  19. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1998035725699.
  20. Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Method for preparing anhydrous tetrazole gas generant compositions. USP1995125472647.
  21. Lyon Lyman R. (Bloomfield Hills MI). Nonazide gas generating compositions with reduced toxicity upon combustion. USP1995105460668.
  22. Oberth Adolf E. (Fair Oaks CA). Phase-stabilization of ammonium nitrate by zinc diammine complexes. USP1991125071630.
  23. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Process for preparing azide-free gas generant composition. USP1996075531941.
  24. Engel Walter (Wschbach DEX) Eisenreich Norbert (Pfinztal DEX) Thiel Klaus-Dieter (Karlsruhe DEX). Process for producing phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1991115063036.
  25. Hommel Horst (Karlsruhe DEX) Schubert Hiltmar (Walzbachtal DEX). Process for the production of particulate ammonium nitrate for solid fuels or explosives. USP1990054925600.
  26. Mitson Scott C. (Honeyville UT) Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT) Deppert Thomas M. (Brigham City UT) Barnes Michael W. (Brigham City UT). Processing aids for gas generants. USP1996055518054.
  27. Scheffee Robert S. ; Thibodeau Robert Lee ; Wheatley Brian K.. Pyrotechnic method of generating a particulate-free, non-toxic odorless and colorless gas. USP1998055747730.
  28. Menke Klaus (Bruchsal DEX) Bohnlein-Mauss Jutta (Speyer DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walther (Woschbach DEX). Solid propellant based on phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1997015596168.
  29. Menke Klaus (Bruchsal DEX) Bohnlein-Mauss Jutta (Speyer DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walther (Woschbach DEX). Solid propellant based on phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1996125589661.
  30. Katzakian ; Jr. Arthur ; Cheung Henry ; Grix Charles E. ; McGehee Donald C.. Solid solution vehicle airbag clean gas generator propellant. USP1998125847315.
  31. Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1997065641938.
  32. Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1996085545272.
  33. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Using metal complex compositions as gas generants. USP1998045735118.