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"" 따옴표 내의 구문과 완전히 일치하는 문서만 검색 예) "Transform and Quantization"

특허 상세정보

Combustion of nanopartitioned fuel

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) B01J-013/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 443/01
출원번호 US-0933787 (1997-09-19)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Lober
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 16  인용 특허 : 41
초록

The invention provides a scheme for combusting a hydrocarbon fuel to generate and extract enhanced translational energy. In the scheme, hydrocarbon fuel is nanopartitioned into nanometric fuel regions each having a diameter less than about 1000 angstroms; and either before or after the nanopartitioning, the fuel is introduced into a combustion chamber. In the combustion chamber, a shock wave excitation of at least about 50,000 psi and with an excitation rise time of less than about 100 nanoseconds is applied to the fuel. A fuel partitioned into such nano...

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.]1. A nanopartitioned combustible liquid hydrocarbon fuel-water mixture consisting essentially of water and liquid hydrocarbon fuel, with a proviso that surface-active substances, including surfactants, are excluded, the hydrocarbon fuel being dispersed in the water as hydrocarbon molecular aggregations having a diameter less than about 100 .ANG., produced by a process comprising the steps of:a) forming a supercritical fuel-water mixture; andb) emitting the supercritical fuel-water mixture from a nozzle, whereby the temperature ...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (41)

  1. Purser Ben D. (6659 Alanbrook Dr. Charlotte NC 28215). Apparatus and method for preparing a mixture of combustible liquid fuel and air. USP1985044510914.
  2. Gunnerman Rudolf W. (210 Gentry Way Reno NV 89502). Aqueous fuel for internal combustion engine and method of combustion. USP199605RE35237.
  3. Hayes Michael E. (Fernandina Beach FL) Hrebenar Kevin R. (Jacksonville FL) Murphy Patricia L. (Amelia Island FL) Futch Jr. Laurence E. (Fernandina Beach FL) Deal III James F. (Amelia Island FL) Bolde. Bioemulsifier stabilized hydrocarbosols. USP1989044821757.
  4. Wenzel ; Edward C. ; Steinmann ; Henry W.. Clear and stable liquid fuel compositions for internal combustion engines. USP1978044083698.
  5. Davis Marshall E. (Poughkeepsie NY) Sung Rodney L. (Fishkill NY). Clear stable gasoline-alcohol-water motor fuel composition. USP1986074599088.
  6. Marro ; Jr. Joseph (West Haven CT) Wattles Gurdon B. (North Haven CT). Combustion fuel emulsion. USP1983074394131.
  7. Pate Ronald C. (10263 Rempas Dr. ; NW. Albuquerque NM 87114) Hensley Raymond E. (3805 Garcia Northeast Albuquerque NM 87111). Combustion initiation system employing hard discharge ignition. USP1986054589398.
  8. Cottell Eric Charles (P.O. Box 1415 Bayville ; Long Island NY 11709). Combustion method comprising burning an intimate emulsion of fuel and water. USP1977094048963.
  9. Berthiaume Camille J. (Hampton Beach NH). Combustion process. USP1979034144015.
  10. Davis Marshall E. (Poughkeepsie NY) Sung Rodney L. (Fishkill NY) Crawford Wheeler C. (Houston TX). Conversion of hazy gasoline to clear stable gasoline. USP1986024568354.
  11. Owen Albert J. (West Chester PA) Yiv Seang H. (Wilmington DE) Sarkahian Ani B. (Bryn Mawr PA). Convertible microemulsion formulations. USP1997115688761.
  12. Connor Michael J. (8926 Simeon Ct. Upper Marlboro MD 20772). Coordinated water and fuel injection system. USP1992095148776.
  13. Nelson Kenneth L. (Traverse City MI) FitzGerald David (North Hampton PA). Electrically charged, emulsified carrier-fuel particle combustion. USP1982104355969.
  14. Shimada Taizo (Yokohama JPX) Yamada Kiyoharu (Sagamihara JPX) Zaha Yutaka (Yokohama JPX). Emulsion fuel engine. USP1993095245953.
  15. Hirata Kiichi (44-2 ; Tomioka-nishi 7-chome Kanazawa-ku ; Yokohama-shi ; Kanagawa JPX). Emulsion producing apparatus and its combustion system. USP1993105249957.
  16. Lissant ; Kenneth J.. Emulsions of enhanced ignitibility. USP1978044084940.
  17. Dubin Leonard (Skokie IL). Enhanced lubricity fuel oil emulsions. USP1994025284492.
  18. Mekonen Kenneth (5601 N. Quincy Ave. Kansas City MO 64119). Fuel compositions. USP1994125372613.
  19. Mekonen Kenneth (5601 N. Quincy Ave. Kansas City MO 64119). Fuel compositions. USP1989104877414.
  20. Boehmke Gnther (Leverkusen DEX). Fuels and their use. USP1981104297107.
  21. Feuerman Arnold I. (5179 Corners Dr. West Bloomfield MI 48033). Gasoline-water emulsion. USP1979064158551.
  22. Tomoiu Constantin (1646 Fairfield Ave. ; 3rd Fl. Bridgeport CT 06605). Internal combustion engine with a new sequence of operation and combustion. USP1993085237964.
  23. Schon Steven G. (Philadelphia PA) Hazbun Edward A. (Media PA). Methanol as cosurfactant for microemulsions. USP1991045004479.
  24. Haney ; III William M. (Westport CT) Sullivan James C. (Southport CT). Method and apparatus for improving combustion, thermal efficiency and reducing emissions by treating fuel. USP1986124629472.
  25. Rhee, Eun B.. Method for improving fuel efficiency. USP1983034378230.
  26. Hayes Michael E. (Fernandina Beach FL) Hrebenar Kevin R. (Jacksonville FL) Deal ; III James F. (Amelia Island FL) Bolden ; Jr. Paul L. (Fernandina Beach FL). Method for reducing emissions utilizing pre-atomized fuels. USP1987054666457.
  27. Reimann Michael (Kohlgasse 23 D-7900 Ulm DEX). Method of and apparatus for igniting a gas/fuel mixture in a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. USP1991075027764.
  28. Cook Edward J. (South Hamilton MA) Lagace Arthur P. (Newtonville MA). Method of forming a microemulsion. USP1990034908154.
  29. Bourrel Maurice (Pau FRX) Sanchez Alain (Pau FRX) Soula Jean-Claude (Orthez FRX). Microemulsion of water in a liquid fuel. USP1984084465494.
  30. Davis Marshall E. (Poughkeepsie NY) Sung Rodney L. (Fishkill NY). Motor fuel composition. USP1986014565548.
  31. Piotrowski Alfred B. (Woodbury NJ). Novel microemulsions. USP1977094046519.
  32. DenHerder Marvin J. (816 Brookwood Dr. Olympia Fields IL 60461). Oil fuel combustion. USP1987094696638.
  33. Giardini Dante S. (Dearborn Hts. MI). Plasma jet ignition engine and method. USP1980054203393.
  34. Puttock Simon J. (Middlesex GB2) Somerville Ian D. (Hampshire GB2). Preparation and combustion of fuel oil emulsions. USP1991035000757.
  35. Rodriguez Domingo P. (Los Teques VEX) Jimenez Euler G. (Caracas VEX) Layrisse Ignacio (San Luis VEX) Salazar Jose P. (San Antonio de Los Altos VEX) Rivas Hercilio (Caracas VEX). Process for controlling sulfur-oxide formation and emissions when burning a combustible fuel formed as a hydrocarbon in. USP1989054834775.
  36. Grangette Henri (Lyons FRX) Bouvier Jean (Saint Maurice l\Exil FRX). Process for improving the combustion of gas oils. USP1983084396400.
  37. Argabright Steven C. (St. Charles IL) Johnson Roy A. (Glen Ellyn IL). Process for the efficient catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides. USP1994035298230.
  38. Bouchez Dominique (Oullins FRX) Casamata Gilbert (Toulouse FRX) Fournier Pascale (Blagnac FRX) Bernasconi Christian (Charly par Vernaison FRX). Reduced viscosity heavy hydrocarbon composition in form of multiple emulsion and its production. USP1989024804495.
  39. Brown Donald T. (Kearny NJ) Dainoff Alexander S. (Rockville Centre NY). Reducing nitrogen oxides emissions by dual fuel firing of a turbine. USP1994095344306.
  40. Valentine James M. (480 Hemlock Rd. Fairfield CT 06430). Reduction of sulfur emissions from coal-fired boilers. USP1992065122353.
  41. Han Kong W. (Oosterhout NLX). Stabilized water-in-mineral oil emulsion. USP1983074395266.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 16

  1. Dias, Monica; Guffogg, Philip; Wheeler, Derek; Whitbread-Jordan, Mark. Biliquid foams stable dispersions thereof and a corresponding process of manufacturing. USP2013128603503.
  2. Kresnyak, Steve; Bunio, Gary. Carbon dioxide enriched flue gas injection for hydrocarbon recovery. USP2010087770640.
  3. Kresnyak,Steve; Bunio,Gary. Flue gas injection for heavy oil recovery. USP2008037341102.
  4. Mekonen,Kenneth. Fuel compositions. USP2007027182797.
  5. Khan, Abdul Rafey; Ziminsky, Willy Steve. Fuel flexible combustor systems and methods. USP2013128613187.
  6. Lund, Morten A.. Homogenizing fuel enhancement system. USP2012128333171.
  7. Kresnyak,Steve; Warchol,Edward. Method for converting heavy oil residuum to a useful fuel. USP2007107279017.
  8. Lund, Morten A.. Multi fuel co-injection system for internal combustion and turbine engines. USP2011017861696.
  9. Lund, Morten A.. Multi fuel co-injection system for internal combustion and turbine engines. USP201503RE45413.
  10. Laberge, Michel Georges; Gelbart, Daniel; Hill, Ross Henry; Connor, Denis J.. Pressure wave generator and controller for generating a pressure wave in a liquid medium. USP20180610002680.
  11. Foy, Nicholas Frederick; Foy, Ursula Meta. Supplementary intercooler for internal combustion engines. USP2015059027342.
  12. Laberge, Michel Georges; Richardson, Douglas H.. Systems and methods for compressing plasma. USP2018019875816.
  13. Laberge, Michel Georges; Richardson, Douglas H.. Systems and methods for compressing plasma. USP2016089424955.
  14. Laberge, Michel Georges; Richardson, Douglas H.. Systems and methods for compressing plasma. USP2013098537958.
  15. Howard, Stephen James; Laberge, Michel Georges; McIlwraith, Lon; Richardson, Douglas Harvey; Gregson, James. Systems and methods for plasma compression with recycling of projectiles. USP2016029271383.
  16. Howard, Stephen James; Laberge, Michel Georges; McIlwraith, Lon; Richardson, Douglas Harvey; Gregson, James. Systems and methods for plasma compression with recycling of projectiles. USP2014118891719.