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특허 상세정보

Emulsified water-blended fuel compositions

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C10L-001/32   
미국특허분류(USC) 443/01 ; 404/302 ; 404/331 ; 404/386
출원번호 US-0391103 (1999-09-07)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Esposito, Esq.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 21  인용 특허 : 31
초록

This invention relates to an emulsified water-blended fuel composition comprising: (A) a hydrocarbon boiling in the gasoline or diesel range; (B) water; (C) a minor emulsifying amount of at least one fuel-soluble salt made by reacting (C)(I) at least one acylating agent having about 16 to 500 carbon atoms with (C)(II) ammonia and/or at least one amine; and (D) about 0.001 to about 15% by weight of the water-blended fuel composition of a water soluble, ashless, halogen-, boron-, and phosphorus-free, amine salt, distinct from component (C). In one embodime...

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.]1. An emulsified water-blended fuel composition comprising:(A) about 50 to about 99% by weight of a hydrocarbon boiling in the gasoline or diesel range;(B) about 1 to about 50% by weight of water(C) a minor emulsifying amount of at least one fuel-soluble salt comprised of (I) a first polycarboxylic acylating agent, said first polycarboxylic acylating agent having at least one hydrocarbyl substituent of about 20 to about 500 carbon atoms, (II) a second polycarboxylic acylating agent, said second polycarboxylic acylating agent op...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (31)

  1. Rivas Hercilio (Caracas VEX) Nnez Gustavo (Caracas VEX) Snchez Gerardo (Monagas VEX). Bimodal emulsion and its method of preparation. USP1996045503772.
  2. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH). Carboxylic acid derivatives of alkanol tertiary monoamines and lubricants or functional fluids containing the same. USP1982054329249.
  3. Blain David A. (Notre Dame de Gravenchon NJ FRX) Davis Robert H. (Pitman NJ) Horodysky Andrew G. (Cherry Hill NJ) Wu Shi-Ming (Newtown PA). Carboxylic acid/ester products as multifunctional additives for lubricants. USP1994105352377.
  4. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH). Carboxylic solubilizer/surfactant combinations and aqueous compositions containing same. USP1984054447348.
  5. Bowers Wayne E. (Clearwater FL) Sprague Barry N. (West Haven CT). Diesel fuel additives and diesel fuels containing soluble platinum group metal compounds and use in diesel engines. USP1990014892562.
  6. Hanlon J. Vincent (Baton Rouge LA). Diesel fuel containing alkenyl succinimide. USP1984114482356.
  7. Sweeney William M. (Wappingers Falls NY) Dille Kenneth L. (Wappingers Falls NY). Diesel fuel containing manganese tricarbonyl and oxygenated compounds. USP1980064207078.
  8. Haupais Alain,FRX ; Schulz Philippe,FRX ; Brochette Pascal,FRX. Emulsified fuel and one method for preparing same. USP2000056068670.
  9. Schwab Scott Daniel (Richmond VA). Emulsion diesel fuel composition with reduced emissions. USP1997095669938.
  10. Lissant ; Kenneth J.. Emulsions of enhanced ignitibility. USP1978044084940.
  11. Cunningham Lawrence J. (Kirkwood MO) Brennan Tim (Collinsville IL). Enhanced fuel additive concentrate. USP1994015279626.
  12. Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D.,GB3 ; Valentine James M. ; Dubin Leonard. Enhanced lubricity diesel fuel emulsions for reduction of nitrogen oxides. USP1998045743922.
  13. Zaweski Edward F. (Baton Rouge LA) Niebylski Leonard M. (Baton Rouge LA). Fuel compositions. USP1986094613341.
  14. Cemenska Richard A. ; Coleman Gerald N. ; Cortes Carlos H. ; Jakush Ed ; Scheuermann Ted. W.. Fuel emulsion blending system. USP1999025873916.
  15. Nikanjam Manuch (Richmond CA) Sullivan Richard F. (San Rafael CA). Low emissions diesel fuel. USP1995025389111.
  16. Nikanjam Manuch (Richmond CA) Sullivan Richard F. (San Rafael CA). Low emissions diesel fuel. USP1995025389112.
  17. Lee Gary D. (Wappingers Falls NY) Vartanian Paul F. (Wappingers Falls NY) Biasotti Joseph B. (Wappingers Falls NY). Lubricating oil composition. USP1977094048080.
  18. Laemmle Joseph T. (Delmont PA). Metalworking with an aqueous synthetic lubricant containing polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene block copo. USP1984064452712.
  19. Moriyama Noboru,JPX ; Hiraki Akio,JPX ; Ichinose Toshimitsu,JPX ; Sakamoto Koichi,JPX. Method for producing superheavy oil emulsion fuel. USP1999035879419.
  20. Cook Edward J. (South Hamilton MA) Lagace Arthur P. (Newtonville MA). Method of forming a microemulsion. USP1990034908154.
  21. Gorman Jeremy W. (5 Cedar Hill Rd. West Simsbury CT 06092). Method of manufacturing a diesel fuel additive to improve cetane rating. USP1986044585461.
  22. Davis, Marshall E.; Sung, Rodney L.. Motor fuel composition. USP1985124561861.
  23. Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH) Jahnke Richard W. (Mentor OH). Oil-water emulsions. USP1994115360458.
  24. Valentine James M. (Fairfield CT) Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D. (Bodwin GB2). Operation of diesel engines with reduced particulate emission by utilization of platinum group metal fuel additive and p. USP1996035501714.
  25. Puttock Simon J. (Middlesex GB2) Somerville Ian D. (Hampshire GB2). Preparation and combustion of fuel oil emulsions. USP1991035000757.
  26. Ikura Michio,CAX ; Mirmiran Siamak,CAX ; Stanciulescu Maria,CAX ; Sawatzky Henry,CAX. Pyrolysis liquid-in-diesel oil microemulsions. USP1998105820640.
  27. Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D. (Bodwin GB3) Valentine James M. (Fairfield CT). Reduction of nitrogen oxides emissions from vehicular diesel engines. USP1996125584894.
  28. Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH). Salt composition and explosives using same. USP1991095047175.
  29. Mullay John J. (Hazeltown PA) Sohara Joseph A. (Whitehall PA). Stable fluid systems for preparing high density explosive compositions. USP1990034907368.
  30. Blackborow John R. (Edinburgh GB6) McMahon John (Linlithgow GB6). Substituted acylating agents. USP1995105454964.
  31. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH). Water-in-oil emulsions. USP1987114708753.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 21

  1. Kresnyak, Steve; Bunio, Gary. Carbon dioxide enriched flue gas injection for hydrocarbon recovery. USP2010087770640.
  2. Langer, Deborah A.; Mullay, John J.; Fakult, Jennifer N.; Daves, Harshida C.; Skoch, William E.; Westfall, David L.. Concentrated emulsion for making an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel. USP2003116652607.
  3. Westfall, David L.; Mullay, John J.; Rowan, Stephen P.. Continuous process for making an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel emulsions. USP2004126827749.
  4. Marelli,Ernesto. Diesel engine fuel in microemulsion form and method for preparing it. USP2006026997964.
  5. Langer,Deborah A.; Bardasz,Ewa A.; Abraham,William D.. Emulsified fuels and engine oil synergy. USP2008087413583.
  6. Kresnyak,Steve; Bunio,Gary. Flue gas injection for heavy oil recovery. USP2008037341102.
  7. Filippini, Brian B.; Bartley, Stuart L.; Hobson, David M.. Fuel composition having a normally liquid hydrocarbon fuel, water, a high molecular weight emulsifier, and a nitrogen-free surfactant including a hydrocarbyl substituted carboxylic acid or a reaction product of the hydrocarbyl substituted carboxylic acid or reactive equivalent of such acid with an alcohol. USP2010057722688.
  8. Coleman, Gerald N.; Endicott, Dennis L.; Jakush, Edward A.. High stability fuel compositions. USP2010017645305.
  9. Goerz, Jr., David J.. Hybrid fuel and method of making the same. USP2016119493709.
  10. Calle, Luz M.; Li, Wenyan; Buhrow, Jerry W.; Jolley, Scott T.. Hydrophilic-core microcapsules and their formation. USP2016019227221.
  11. Dietz, Jeffry G.; Pistillo, Warren R.. Low temperature stable fatty acid composition. USP2016099447342.
  12. Kresnyak,Steve; Warchol,Edward. Method for converting heavy oil residuum to a useful fuel. USP2007107279017.
  13. Gregory, Donald Michael; Taylor, Spencer Edwin. Process and apparatus for fuelling a marine vessel. USP2005016840290.
  14. Brown, Kevin F.; Langer, Deborah A.; Duncan, David A.. Process for reducing pollutants from the exhaust of a diesel engine. USP2005096949235.
  15. Brown, Kevin Francis; Langer, Deborah Ann; Duncan, David. Process for reducing pollutants from the exhaust of a diesel engine. USP2003086606856.
  16. Brown,Kevin Francis; Langer,Deborah Ann; Duncan,David. Process for reducing pollutants from the exhaust of a diesel engine. USP2006047028468.
  17. Brown, Kevin F.; Tadrous, Ted N.; Langer, Deborah A.; Duncan, David A.. Process for reducing pollutants from the exhaust of a diesel engine using a water diesel fuel in combination with exhaust after-treatments. USP2004046725653.
  18. Costello, Michael T.; Riff, Igor. Soluble oil containing overbased sulfonate additives. USP2012028114822.
  19. Schulz, Philippe; Dalix, Laurent; Tort, Frédéric. Temperature-stable emulsified fuel. USP2004096793694.
  20. Wilson, Neil R.; Murphy, Jr., Michael A.. Water-based cleaner for cleaning solvent-based paints. USP2014058722605.
  21. Filippini,Brian B.; Mullay,John J.; Langer,Deborah A.; Carey,Jeffrey M.; Dix,Robert W.. Water-in-oil emulsion. USP2007027176174.