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특허 상세정보

Process for carbon monoxide preferential oxidation for use with fuel cells

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) H01M-008/04    C01B-031/20    C01B-031/18   
미국특허분류(USC) 429/017 ; 423/247 ; 423/437.2 ; 423/648.1 ; 423/652 ; 423/655
출원번호 US-0584316 (2000-05-31)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Tolonei
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 27  인용 특허 : 10
초록

Disclosed is a hydrogen generation process for use with fuel cells which includes a preferential oxidation step to reduce the concentration of carbon monoxide. The preferential oxidation step includes contacting a fuel stream comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the presence of an oxygen at a preferential oxidation temperature of between about 70.degree. and about 160.degree. C. with preferential oxidation catalyst for reducing the concentration of carbon monoxide to produce a treated fuel gas stream comprising less than about 50 ppm-vol carbon mon...

대표
청구항

[ We claim:] [1.]1. A process for the generation of a hydrogen-rich fuel gas stream for use in a fuel cell for the generation of electric power, said process comprising:a) passing a feed stream comprising a hydrocarbon or an oxygenate to a fuel processor comprising an integrated reforming and water gas shift conversion zone to produce a fuel stream comprising hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and water;b) passing the fuel stream at an oxidation temperature between 70.degree. and less than 160.degree. C. in the presence of an oxygen-containing str...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (10)

  1. Watanabe Masahiro,JPX ; Yamamoto Yumi,JPX. Anode electrocatalyst for fuel cell and process of preparing same. USP1999075922487.
  2. Louise Jean (Villejuif FRX) Mollaret Bertrand (Viroflay FRX) Thonnelier Jean-Yves (Voisins le Bretonneux FRX) Gary Daniel (Montigny le Bretonneux FRX). Apparatus for preparing ultra-pure nitrogen. USP1995125478534.
  3. Chen Shau-Lin F. ; Rabinowitz Harold N. ; Kim Chong. Catalytic material having improved conversion performance. USP2000086110862.
  4. Auer Emmanuel,DEX ; Freund Andreas,DEX ; Lehmann Thomas,DEX ; Starz Karl-Anton,DEX ; Schwarz Robert,DEX ; Stenke Udo,DEX. Co-tolerant anode catalyst for PEM fuel cells and a process for its preparation. USP1999126007934.
  5. Hwang Herng-Shinn (Livingston NJ) Heck Ronald M. (Frenchtown NJ) Yarrington Robert M. (Westfield NJ). Fuel cell electric power production. USP1985064522894.
  6. Simpson Howard D. (Irvine CA) Abdo Suheil F. (Placentia CA). Hydrocarbon conversion process. USP1996025494568.
  7. Buswell Richard F. (Glasjonbury CT) Cohen Ronald (Boca Raton FL) McNeilly Leonard (Burnaby CAX) Watkins David S. (Coquitlam CAX). Method and apparatus for the two-stage selective oxidation of carbon monoxide in a hydrogen-containing gas mixture. USP1996055518705.
  8. Trocciola John C. ; Schroll Craig R. ; Lesieur Roger R.. Method of and apparatus for removing carbon monoxide from gaseous media. USP2000016010675.
  9. Watanabe Masahiro,JPX. Process for the selective oxidation of carbon monoxide in reformed gases. USP2001016168772.
  10. Bonifaz Christobal (Conway MA) Corbin David R. (West Chester PA). Selective oxidation of carbon monoxide in a mixture. USP1991095045297.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 27

  1. Hagemeyer, Alfred; Carhart, Raymond E.; Yaccato, Karin; Lesik, Andreas; Brooks, Christopher James. Alkali-containing catalyst formulations for low and medium temperature hydrogen generation. USP2010037682598.
  2. Goebel, Steven G; Voecks, Gerald E; Carter, Robert N. Byproduct compound retention device for fuel rich start-up combustor. USP2014078790114.
  3. Hagemeyer,Alfred; Carhart,Raymond E.; Yaccato,Karin; Strasser,Peter; Herrmann,Michael; Grasselli,Robert K.; Brooks,Christopher James; Phillips,Cory Bernard. Catalyst formulations containing Group 11 metals for hydrogen generation. USP2007027179442.
  4. Gueckel, Christian. Catalyst with bimodal pore size distribution and the use thereof. USP2015089101918.
  5. Gueckel, Christian. Catalyst with bimodal pore size distribution and the use thereof. USP2011077977274.
  6. Huang, Yinyan; Mackenzie, Scott; Bar-Ilan, Amiram. Exhaust treatment and filtration system for molten carbonate fuel cells. USP2005076921594.
  7. William Henry Pettit ; Rodney Lynn Borup. Fuel cell system having thermally integrated, isothermal co-cleansing subsystem. USP2002116485853.
  8. Faur-Ghenciu, Anca; Trusty, Nathan Edward; Feaviour, Mark Robert; Reinkingh, Jessica Grace; Shady, Phillip; Andersen, Paul Joseph. High activity water gas shift catalysts based on platinum group metals and cerium-containing oxides. USP2010117824455.
  9. Faur Ghenciu,Anca; Mullapudi,Sailesh; Feaviour,Mark R.; Trusty,Nathan E.; Reinkingh,Jessica G.. High activity water gas shift catalysts with no methane formation. USP2007077238333.
  10. Gummalla, Mallika; Yamanis, Jean; Olsommer, Benoit; Dardas, Zissis; Bayt, Robert; Srinivasan, Hari; Dasgupta, Arindam; Hardin, Larry. Jet fuel based high pressure solid oxide fuel cell system. USP2013038394552.
  11. Gummalla, Mallika; Yamanis, Jean; Olsommer, Benoit; Dardas, Zissis; Bayt, Robert; Srinivasan, Hari; Dasgupta, Arindam; Hardin, Larry. Jet fuel based high pressure solid oxide fuel cell system. USP2015089118054.
  12. Kuperman,Alexander; Moir,Michael E.. Method for making hydrogen using a gold containing water-gas shift catalyst. USP2007017169376.
  13. Kuperman,Alexander; Moir,Michael E.. Method for making hydrogen using a gold containing water-gas shift catalyst. USP2008057375051.
  14. Abdo, Suheil F.; DeBoy, Cynthia A.; Schroeder, Geralyn F.. Method for producing a preferential oxidation catalyst. USP2004016673742.
  15. Hagemeyer,Alfred; Brooks,Christopher James; Carhart,Raymond E.; Yaccato,Karin; Herrmann,Michael. Noble metal-free nickel catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2007097270798.
  16. Hagemeyer, Alfred; Brooks, Christopher James; Carhart, Raymond E.; Yaccato, Karin; Herrmann, Michael. Noble metal-free nickel containing catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2009077557063.
  17. Hagemeyer, Alfred; Brooks, Christopher James; Carhart, Raymond E.; Yaccato, Karin; Phillips, Cory Bernard; Strasser, Peter; Grasselli, Robert K.. Platinum and rhodium and/or iron containing catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2010037687051.
  18. Hagemeyer, Alfred; Carhart, Raymond E.; Yaccato, Karin; Lesik, Andreas; Brooks, Christopher James; Phillips, Cory Bernard. Platinum-alkali/alkaline-earth catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2010067744849.
  19. Hagemeyer,Alfred; Carhart,Raymond E.; Yaccato,Karin; Herrmann,Michael; Lesik,Andreas; Brooks,Christopher James; Phillips,Cory Bernard. Platinum-free ruthenium-cobalt catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2007017160534.
  20. Hagemeyer,Alfred; Carhart,Raymond E.; Yaccato,Karin; Herrmann,Michael; Lesik,Andreas; Brooks,Christopher James; Phillips,Cory Bernard. Platinum-free ruthenium-cobalt catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2009017473667.
  21. Hagemeyer, Alfred; Carhart, Raymond E.; Yaccato, Karin; Strasser, Peter; Grasselli, Robert K.; Brooks, Christopher James; Phillips, Cory Bernard. Platinum-ruthenium containing catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2011088003565.
  22. Hagemeyer,Alfred; Carhart,Raymond E.; Yaccato,Karin; Strasser,Peter; Grasselli,Robert K.; Brooks,Christopher James; Phillips,Cory Bernard. Platinum-ruthenium containing catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2007017160533.
  23. Kim,Moon Chan; Son,In Hyuk. Preferential oxidation catalyst and process for preparing the same. USP2007077247599.
  24. Yao,Jianhua; Kimble,James B. Process for selective oxidation of carbon monoxide in a hydrogen containing stream. USP2006047029640.
  25. Oroskar,Anil R.; Vanden Bussche,Kurt M.; Nemeth,Laszlo T.; Rayner,Christine M.. Process for the production of hydrogen. USP2006047022306.
  26. Kawashima, Yoshimi; Ohashi, Hiroshi. Reforming catalyst for hydrocarbon, method for producing hydrogen using such reforming catalyst, and fuel cell system. USP2013018343456.
  27. Wu,Ming Cheng; Weissman,Jeffrey G.. Selective carbon monoxide oxidation catalyst, method of making the same and systems using the same. USP2006127147947.