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특허 상세정보

Fuel cell and bipolar plate for use with same

특허상세정보
국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) H01M-008/04   
미국특허분류(USC) 429/034 ; 429/032 ; 429/039
출원번호 US-0375072 (1999-08-16)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Zak, Jr., Esq.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 37  인용 특허 : 20
초록

A fuel cell bipolar plate including a fuel side having a series of fuel channels defining respective fuel paths and an oxidant side having a series of oxidant channels defining respective oxidant paths. At least some of the fuel channels are offset from adjacent oxidant channels in a direction transverse to the fuel and oxidant paths. A fuel manifold is connected to the fuel channels, while an oxidant manifold is connected to the oxidant channels. One of the two manifolds is located between the biplate and the other manifold, where a connector extends fr...

대표
청구항

[ We claim:] [1.]1. A fuel cell, comprising:at least two membrane electrode assemblies;a corrugated bipolar plate located between the membrane electrode assemblies defining a fuel side and an oxidant side and the fuel side includes an alternating series of ridges and channels and the oxidant side includes an alternating series of ridges and channels, each of the channels defining a respective inlet and a respective outlet;a fuel manifold operably connected to the channels on the fuel side and an oxidant manifold operably connected to the channels on the ...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (20)

  1. Sprouse Kenneth M. (Northridge CA). Anode assembly for a variable pressure passive regenerative fuel cell system. USP1995045407756.
  2. Neutzler Jay Kevin. Brazed bipolar plates for PEM fuel cells. USP1998075776624.
  3. Yamanis Jean (Morristown NJ). Coflow planar fuel cell stack construction for solid electrolytes. USP1996085549983.
  4. Carlstrom ; Jr. Charles M.. Easily-formable fuel cell assembly fluid flow plate having conductivity and increased non-conductive material. USP2000066071635.
  5. Washington Kirk B. (Richmond CAX) Kenna John T. (N. Vancouver CAX) Ramji Shiraz N. (N. Vancouver CAX) James Gregory A. (Vancouver CAX). Edge manifold assembly for an electrochemical fuel cell stack. USP1996055514487.
  6. Warszawski Bernard (Paris FRX) Fauvel Pierre (Limours FRX) Dupr Sylvain (Chilly Mazarin FRX). Fuel cell structures. USP1986084604332.
  7. Wilson Mahlon S. ; Zawodzinski Christine. Fuel cell with metal screen flow-field. USP1998085798187.
  8. Watanabe Masahiro,JPX. Fuel cell, electrolytic cell and process of cooling and/or dehumidifying same. USP1998125846668.
  9. Marianowski Leonard G. (Mount Prospect IL) Schora Frank C. (Palatine IL) Petri Randy J. (Highland IN) Lawson Mark G. (Berwyn IL). Fully internal manifolded fuel cell stack. USP1993075227256.
  10. Sprouse Kenneth M. (Northridge CA) Navratil James D. (Nederland CO). Hollow artery anode wick for passive variable pressure regenerative fuel cells. USP1996075534363.
  11. Kaufman Arthur ; Terry Peter L.. Hydrogen-air fuel cell. USP1998075776625.
  12. Jones Daniel O.. Insertable fluid flow passage bridgepiece and method. USP2000016017648.
  13. Reeder Kenneth W.. One piece fuel cell separator plate. USP2000036040076.
  14. Pratt Steven D. ; Kelley Ronald J. ; Muthuswamy Sivakumar ; Landreth Bobby Dean ; Pennisi Robert W.. Planar fuel cell. USP2000106127058.
  15. McCoy Lowell R. (Woodland Hills CA). Quasi-passive variable pressure regenerative fuel cell system. USP1996045510202.
  16. Sprouse Kenneth M. (Northridge CA). Regenerative fuel cell system. USP1994125376470.
  17. Sprouse Kenneth M. (Northridge CA). Regenerative fuel cell system. USP1994045306577.
  18. Wilkinson David P. (Vancouver CAX) Voss Henry H. (West Vancouver CAX) Watkins David S. (Coquitlam CAX) Prater Keith B. (Vancouver CAX). Solid polymer fuel cell systems incorporating water removal at the anode. USP1994115366818.
  19. Sprouse Kenneth M. (Northridge CA). Ultra-passive variable pressure regenerative fuel cell system. USP1996045506066.
  20. Sprouse Kenneth M. (Northridge CA). Variable pressure passive regenerative fuel cell system. USP1994015277994.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 37

  1. Yang, Jefferson YS. Bipolar plate for a fuel cell. USP2004016677071.
  2. Abd Elhamid, Mahmoud H.; Vyas, Gayatri; Mikhail, Youssef M.; Blunk, Richard H.; Lisi, Daniel J.. Bipolar plate with enhanced stability. USP2010047700212.
  3. Elhamid,Mahmoud H. Abd; Mikhail,Youssef; Blunk,Richard H.; Lisi,Daniel J.. Corrosion resistant, electrically and thermally conductive coating for multiple applications. USP2007087261963.
  4. Spink, Scott A.; Lott, David R.; Fuglevand, William A.. Direct liquid fuel cell. USP2011088003274.
  5. Franklin, Jerrold E.; Mettler, Eric S.. Electrical contacts for fuel cells. USP2010037670707.
  6. Molter, Trent M.. Electrochemical cell design using a bipolar plate. USP2004036706436.
  7. Thompson,Eric L.; Goebel,Steven G.; Ofslager,Scott. Enhanced flowfield plates. USP2008037348094.
  8. Sasahara, Jun; Suzuki, Toshifumi; Kubota, Tadahiro; Kuriyama, Nariaki; Saito, Yuji. Fuel cell assembly and a separator therefor. USP2009087569300.
  9. Petillo,Phillip J.. Fuel cell components. USP2006026998188.
  10. Ishida, Kentaro; Goto, Shuhei; Sugita, Narutoshi; Nakamura, Tetsuya. Fuel cell comprising offset connection channels. USP2014098846264.
  11. Kralick, James H.. Fuel cell coolant tank system. USP2004056733910.
  12. Hood, Peter D.; Mitchell, Philip J.; Adcock, Paul L.; Foster, Simon E.. Fuel cell fluid flow field plates. USP2012118304139.
  13. Blunk, Richard H.; Tucker, Charles L.; Yoo, Yeong-Eun; Lisi, Daniel J.. Fuel cell separator plate having controlled fiber orientation and method of manufacture. USP2003086607857.
  14. Debe,Mark Kevitt; Schleif,Larry Allan; Herdtle,Thomas; Steinbach,Andrew James. Fuel cell stack. USP2007017163761.
  15. Asai, Yasuyuki; Suzuki, Toshiyuki; Takahashi, Tsuyoshi. Fuel cell stack structure. USP2009097588851.
  16. Arthur, Alan R.. Fuel cell system and a method of generating electricity. USP2011118062803.
  17. Huston, Todd W; Owejan, Jeanette E.. Fuel cell with an electrolyte stabilizing agent and process of making the same. USP2014048685580.
  18. Sugiura, Seiji; Goto, Shuhei; Sugita, Narutoshi; Tanaka, Hiroyuki; Nishiyama, Tadashi. Fuel cell with separator having a ridge member. USP2010127846613.
  19. Franklin, Jerrold E.; Mettler, Eric S.. Integrated and modular BSP/MEA/manifold plates for fuel cells. USP2010037678488.
  20. Arthur,Alan R.. Integrated fuel cell stack and catalytic combustor apparatus, assembly, and method of use. USP2007127306868.
  21. Kaiser,Wolfram; Repenning,Detlev; Spaeh,Richard; Wind,Joerg. Metal bipolar plate. USP2006016989213.
  22. Bourgeois,Richard Scott; Hart,Richard Louis; Jackson,Melvin Robert; Wei,Chang; Hardwicke,Canan Uslu; Gigliotti, Jr.,Michael Francis Xavier. Methods and apparatus for assembling solid oxide fuel cells. USP2008027329471.
  23. Bourgeois,Richard Scott. Methods and apparatus for isolating solid oxide fuel cells. USP2008047358005.
  24. Kaye, Ian W.. Micro fuel cell architecture. USP2009097585581.
  25. Kaye, Ian W.. Micro fuel cell thermal management. USP2010027655337.
  26. Goebel, Steven G.. Nested bipolar plate for fuel cell and method. USP2009107601452.
  27. Goebel, Steven G.. Nested bipolar plate for fuel cell and method. USP2005126974648.
  28. Edwards, Leroy M; Hochgraf, Clark G. Passive hydrogen vent for a fuel cell. USP2013078486575.
  29. Haltiner, Jr., Karl J.. Plate construction of high temperature air-to-air heat exchanger. USP2004076759155.
  30. Cai,Yuqi; Chopra,Divya; Fisher,John C.. Process for decreasing the resistivity of conductive flow field plates for use in fuel cells. USP2006127153603.
  31. Spink, Scott A.; Lott, David R.; Wright, Matthew M.; Yemul, Dinesh S.; Fuglevand, William A.; Bayuuk, Shiblihanna I.; Duan, Runrun; Bai, Lijun. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell. USP2016039293778.
  32. Fuglevand, William A.; Bayyuk, Shibli Hanna I.; Wright, Matthew M.. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell and method of forming a fuel cell. USP2010117833645.
  33. Spink, Scott A.; Lott, David R.; Wright, Matthew M.; Ryan, Eric J.; Yemul, Dinesh S.; Fisher, John M.. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack and fuel cell stack module. USP2012068192889.
  34. Spink, Scott A.; Lott, David R.; Wright, Matthew M.; Ryan, Eric J.; Yemul, Dinesh S.; Fisher, John M.. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack and fuel cell stack module. USP2013128597846.
  35. Spink, Scott A.; Lott, David R.; Wright, Matthew M.; Ryan, Eric J.; Yemul, Dinesh S.; Fisher, John M.. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack and fuel cell stack module. USP2011098026020.
  36. Na, Youngseung; Suh, Junwon; Shin, Jeong Seob. Semi-passive type fuel cell system. USP2012078221933.
  37. Na, Youngseung; Suh, Junwon; Shin, Jeong Seob. Semi-passive type fuel cell system. USP2012098257878.