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특허 상세정보

Propellant compositions for gas generating apparatus

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/00    C06B-045/02    C06B-031/28   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/002; 149/021; 149/046
출원번호 US-0177881 (1998-10-23)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Sheridan Ross P.C.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 1  인용 특허 : 47
초록

A gas generating apparatus for outputting a gas is provided. In one embodiment, the apparatus is an inflator having a propellant for supplying inflation gas(es) to an inflatable located in a vehicle. A confining member is located adjacent to the propellant. A number of spaced holes are provided in the confining member, either before or after activation of the propellant. Inflation gas is received through the spaced holes for subsequent passage to the inflatable. In that regard, the inflation gas first passes through a chamber defined in a timing member t...

대표
청구항

1. A propellant for use in a vehicle, comprising:a solid fuel-rich material weighing a first amount; an oxidizer material including ammonium nitrate; and fibrous cellulose weighing a second amount and said fibrous cellulose being different from said solid fuel-rich material; wherein said propellant is a solid uniform mixture having a length of said solid fuel-rich material, said oxidizer material and said fibrous cellulose such that, for each selected cross-section along said length, any 1.000-micron portion of said selected cross-section has the same co...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (47)

  1. Blumenthal Jack L. (Los Angeles CA) Gat Nahum (Manhattan Beach CA) Faigle Ernst M. (Imlay City MI) Semchena John H. (Royal Oak MI) Thompson Richard J. (Imlay City MI). Apparatus for inflating a vehicle occupant restraint using a mixture of gases. USP1994095348344.
  2. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Azide gas generating composition for inflatable devices. USP1990064931111.
  3. Dillehay David R. (Marshall TX) Turner David W. (Marshall TX) Wingfield ; III Horace L. (Longview TX) Blackwell James A. (Shreveport LA). Composite gun propellant processing technique. USP1996015487851.
  4. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Composition and process for inflating a safety crash bag. USP1990084948439.
  5. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Composition for controlling oxides of nitrogen. USP1992085139588.
  6. Guirguis Raafat H. (Fairfax VA) Kim Kibong (Potomac MD). Detonation through solid-state explosion fiber bundle. USP1993125267513.
  7. Hamilton Brian K.. Dispensing fibrous cellulose material. USP2000096120626.
  8. Scheffee Robert S. ; Wheatley Brian K.. Eutectic mixtures of ammonium nitrate and amino guanidine nitrate. USP1998035726382.
  9. Ciaramitaro David A. (Benson AZ) Moore Jack M. (Benson AZ). Explosive composition. USP1984034435232.
  10. Keith Donald G. (Mount Eliza AUX) Murray Robin S. (Ivanhoe AUX). Explosive composition and process with rheology modifying agent. USP1979024140561.
  11. Cartwright Richard V. (Sussex NJ). Extrudable gas generating propellants, method and apparatus. USP1992065125684.
  12. Wheatley Brian K. ; Martin James D.. Extrudable gas-generating compositions. USP1998035734123.
  13. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P. ; Haun Daniel. Gas generating compositions. USP1998075780768.
  14. Hamilton Brian K. (Littleton CO). Gas generating material. USP1987094696705.
  15. Bucerius Klaus Martin (Karlsruhe DEX) Eisenreich Norbert (Pfinztal DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walter (Woschbach DEX). Gas generating mixture. USP1997105677510.
  16. Henry ; III Guy H. (Centralia IL) Solverson Matthew S. (Carbondale IL). Gas generating propellant. USP1996075538567.
  17. Sampson William P. (Mesa AZ). Gas generator for vehicle occupant restraint. USP1994065324075.
  18. Hamilton Brian K. (Littleton CO) Parks Brent A. (Englewood CO). Hybrid inflator with rapid pressurization-based flow initiation assembly. USP1996095553889.
  19. Lenzen Reiner (Almont MI) Knowlden Leo S. (Romeo MI). Igniter for an inflatable occupant restraint. USP1990014896898.
  20. Lenzen Reiner (Almont MI) Knowlden Leo S. (Romeo MI). Igniter for an inflatable occupant restraint. USP1991035002308.
  21. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Kwong Patrick C. (Seattle WA). Ignition compositions for inflator gas generators. USP1995015380380.
  22. Johansson Sven-Eric (Karlskoga SEX) Melhus Ulf (Karlskoga SEX) Selin Lennart (Kristinehamn SEX). Ignition system. USP1991125069135.
  23. Gladden Ernest L. (Granby CT) Tavelli Sanford B. (Simsbury CT). Impeded velocity signal transmission line. USP1989064838165.
  24. Patrick Michael A. (Shalimar FL) Aubert Stephen A. (Niceville FL). Intermolecular complex explosives. USP1990084948438.
  25. Posson Philip L. (Suisun CA). Linear ignition fuse. USP1980094220087.
  26. Giovanetti Anthony J. (Lenox MA). Liquid propellant inflator for vehicle occupant restraint apparatus. USP1991105060973.
  27. Wilson Kimberly A. ; Wilson Michael A. ; Poole Donald R. ; Holland Gary F.. Low temperature autoigniting propellant composition. USP1999025866842.
  28. Poole Donald R.. Low-residue azide-free gas generant composition. USP1998075783773.
  29. Johnson ; Craig E. ; Dendor ; Paul F. ; Csanady ; Elmer R.. Method for making extruded, solventless, composite-modified double base propellant. USP1978074102953.
  30. Beltz Donald R. (Allentown PA). Multi-strand ignition systems. USP1990044917017.
  31. Wilcox Robert M. (Fairfield CA) Drake Raymond A. (Vacaville CA). Non-pyrolizing linear ignition fuse. USP1996075540154.
  32. Burns Sean P. ; Khandhadia Paresh S.. Nonazide gas generant compositions. USP1999025872329.
  33. Thureson Gary R. (Avon CT) Gladden Ernest L. (Granby CT). Nonelectric blasting initiation signal control system, method and transmission device therefor. USP1988074757764.
  34. Young Donald C. (Fullerton CA). Particulate high explosive of NH4NO3 - CaSO4 - sensitizer. USP1976053959044.
  35. Hamilton Brian K. (Littleton CO). Preparing air bag vehicle restraint device having cellulose containing sheet propellant. USP1995045403035.
  36. Zeigler Edward H. (Great Meadows NJ). Propellant composition for automotive safety applications. USP1996045507891.
  37. Scheffee Robert S. ; Thibodeau Robert Lee ; Wheatley Brian K.. Pyrotechnic method of generating a particulate-free, non-toxic odorless and colorless gas. USP1998055747730.
  38. Lenzen Reiner (Almont MI). Safety apparatus. USP1991045007661.
  39. Lenzen Reiner (Almont MI) Faigle Ernst M. (Dryden MI) Semchena John H. (Royal Oak MI). Safety apparatus for vehicle occupant. USP1993015181737.
  40. Lenzen Reiner (Almont MI). Seat belt pretensioner. USP1992095145209.
  41. Chang Marguerite S. (Forest Heights MD) Highby John H. (Indian Head MD) Mackenzie Gerald L. (Port Tobacco MD). Solid gas generating and gun propellant composition containing triaminoguanidine nitrate and synthetic polymer binder. USP1976053954528.
  42. Berteleau Gerard,FRX ; Mondet Jean-Claude,FRX. Stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1998035723812.
  43. Hamilton Brian K. ; Stang Peter L.. Substantially smoke-free and particulate-free inflator for inflatable safety restraint system. USP1999025868424.
  44. Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1997065641938.
  45. Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1996085545272.
  46. Howard, William M.. Triaminoguanidine nitrate-containing propellants. USP1983054381958.
  47. Ludwig Christopher P. (4038 Normanwood West Bloomfield MI 48323). Vehicle airbag inflator and related method. USP1996095551725.

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