$\require{mediawiki-texvc}$
  • 검색어에 아래의 연산자를 사용하시면 더 정확한 검색결과를 얻을 수 있습니다.
  • 검색연산자
검색연산자 기능 검색시 예
() 우선순위가 가장 높은 연산자 예1) (나노 (기계 | machine))
공백 두 개의 검색어(식)을 모두 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (나노 기계)
예2) 나노 장영실
| 두 개의 검색어(식) 중 하나 이상 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (줄기세포 | 면역)
예2) 줄기세포 | 장영실
! NOT 이후에 있는 검색어가 포함된 문서는 제외 예1) (황금 !백금)
예2) !image
* 검색어의 *란에 0개 이상의 임의의 문자가 포함된 문서 검색 예) semi*
"" 따옴표 내의 구문과 완전히 일치하는 문서만 검색 예) "Transform and Quantization"

특허 상세정보

Variable load refrigeration system particularly for cryogenic temperatures

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) F25S-001/00    C09K-005/04   
미국특허분류(USC) 252/067; 62/606
출원번호 US-0545670 (2000-04-07)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Stanley Ktorides
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 30  인용 특허 : 15
초록

A method for generating refrigeration, especially over a wide temperature range including cryogenic temperatures, wherein a non-toxic, non-flammable and low or non-ozone-depleting mixture is formed from defined components and maintained in variable load form through compression, cooling, expansion and warming steps in a refrigeration cycle.

대표
청구항

1. A refrigerant mixture which is non-toxic, non-flammable and low-ozone-depleting consisting solely of fluorocarbons wherein the components and their concentrations which make up the refrigerant mixture are such as to form a variable load refrigerant mixture, wherein each of the components of the mixture has a normal boiling point which differs by at least 20 degrees Kelvin from the normal boiling point of each of the other components of the refrigerant mixture, and wherein the normal boiling point of the highest boiling component of the refrigerant mix...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (15)

  1. Minor Barbara H. (Elkton MD) Chisolm Tuneen E. C. (Newark DE) Shealy Glenn S. (Hockessin DE). Azeotrope(like) compositions with fluoromethyl trifluoromethyl ether and dimethyl ether. USP1997035607616.
  2. Boyarsky Mikhail (Moscow RUX) Yudin Boris (Moscow RUX) Mogorychny Victor I. (Moscow PA RUX) Klusmier Larry (Allentown PA). Cryogenic mixed gas refrigerant for operation within temperature ranges of 80°K- 100°K. USP1995085441658.
  3. Longsworth Ralph C. (Allentown PA) Boiarsky Mikhail J. (Moscow RUX) Khatri Ajay (Bethlehem PA). Cryostat refrigeration system using mixed refrigerants in a closed vapor compression cycle having a fixed flow restricto. USP1996125579654.
  4. McHugh ; III Manus. Krypton gas mixture for insulated windows. USP1998085792523.
  5. Denton Robert D. (Kuala Lumpur TX MYX) Oelfke Russell H. (Houston TX). Light end enhanced refrigeration loop. USP1992105157925.
  6. Beddome Robert Arthur (North Tonawanda NY). Low temperature refrigeration process for helium or hydrogen mixtures using mixed refrigerant. USP1976113992167.
  7. Stevenson Richard (Mesa AZ) Boyarsky Mikhail (Moscow Region RUX) Yudin Boris V. (Moscow Region RUX) Podcherniev Oleg N. (Moscow Region RUX). Mixed gas R-12 refrigeration apparatus. USP1997045622644.
  8. Howard Lee J. (Allentown PA) Rowles Howard C. (Center Valley PA). Mixed refrigerant cycle for ethylene recovery. USP1996045502972.
  9. Richard Robert Gerard ; Shankland Ian R. ; Singh Rajiv Ratna. Non-azeotropic refrigerant compositions containing carbon dioxide. USP1998045736063.
  10. Boiarski Mikhail,RUX ; Podcherniaev Oleg,RUX. Precooled vapor-liquid refrigeration cycle. USP1998035729993.
  11. Li Yao-En ; Paganessi Joseph E. ; Vassallo David ; Fleming Gregory K.. Process and system for separation and recovery of perfluorocompound gases. USP1998075785741.
  12. Yang James Hsu-Kuang ; Chernyakov Iosif ; Hsiung Thomas Hsiao-Ling ; Schwarz Alexander. Recovery of perfluorinated compounds from the exhaust of semiconductor fabs using membrane and adsorption in series. USP1999115976222.
  13. Gage Cynthia L. (Raleigh NC) Bare Jane C. (Carrboro NC) Register ; III James A. (Raleigh NC) Smith Norman Dean (Raleigh NC). Refrigerant compositions with fluorinated dimethyl ether and either difluoroethane or cyclopropane, and use thereof. USP1997075650089.
  14. Yudin Boris V. (Moscow Region AZ RUX) Stevenson Richard (Mesa AZ) Boyarsky Mikhail (Moscow Region RUX) Podcherniev Oleg N. (Moscow Region RUX). Substitute refrigerant for dichlorodifluoromethane refrigeration systems. USP1995065425890.
  15. Longsworth Ralph C. (Allentown PA) Lotz Francis T. (Whitehall PA). Throttle cycle cryopumping system for Group I gases. USP1997115687574.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 30

  1. Bonaquist,Dante Patrick; Royal,John Henri; Rampersad,Bryce; Jibb,Richard J.. Biological refrigeration system. USP2006067059138.
  2. Minor, Barbara Haviland. Compositions comprising a fluoroolefin. USP2009087569170.
  3. Minor, Barbara Haviland; Rao, Velliyur Nott Mallikarjuna. Compositions comprising a fluoroolefin. USP2013098524110.
  4. Minor, Barbara Haviland; Rao, Velliyur Nott Mallikarjuna. Compositions comprising a fluoroolefin. USP2011027879253.
  5. Minor, Barbara Haviland; Rao, Velliyur Nott Mallikarjuna. Compositions comprising a fluoroolefin. USP2011017862740.
  6. Minor, Barbara Haviland; Rao, Velliyur Nott Mallikarjuna. Compositions comprising a fluoroolefin. USP2011017862741.
  7. Minor, Barbara Haviland; Rao, Velliyur Nott Mallikarjuna. Compositions comprising a fluoroolefin. USP2011017862742.
  8. Minor, Barbara Haviland; Rao, Velliyur Nott Mallikarjuna. Compositions comprising a fluoroolefin. USP2018019879165.
  9. Minor, Barbara Haviland; Rao, Velliyur Nott Mallikarjuna. Compositions comprising a fluoroolefin. USP2017069670393.
  10. Nappa, Mario Joseph; Minor, Barbara Haviland. Compositions comprising fluoroolefins and uses thereof. USP2011098012368.
  11. Nappa, Mario Joseph; Minor, Barbara Haviland; Sievert, Allen Capron. Compositions comprising fluoroolefins and uses thereof. USP2013048425795.
  12. Nappa, Mario Joseph; Minor, Barbara Haviland; Sievert, Allen Capron. Compositions comprising fluoroolefins and uses thereof. USP2014128911640.
  13. Nappa, Mario Joseph; Minor, Barbara Haviland; Sievert, Allen Capron. Compositions comprising fluoroolefins and uses thereof. USP2017019540557.
  14. Nappa, Mario Joseph; Minor, Barbara Haviland; Sievert, Allen Capron. Compositions comprising fluoroolefins and uses thereof. USP2016089410064.
  15. Nappa, Mario Joseph; Minor, Barbara Haviland; Sievert, Allen Capron. Compositions comprising fluoroolefins and uses thereof. USP2018029890311.
  16. Sievert, Allen Capron; Nappa, Mario Joseph; Minor, Barbara Haviland; Leck, Thomas J.; Rao, Velliyur Nott Mallikarjuna; Swearingen, Ekaterina N.; Schmitz, Corneille; Mouli, Nandini C.; Perti, Deepak. Compositions comprising fluoroolefins and uses thereof. USP2010057708903.
  17. Rampersad,Bryce Mark; Royal,John Henri; Minbiole,Barry. Cryogenic biological preservation unit. USP2007117290396.
  18. Low, Robert E. Heat transfer compositions. USP2013088512591.
  19. Low, Robert E. Heat transfer compositions. USP2014018628681.
  20. Low, Robert E. Heat transfer compositions. USP2015119175202.
  21. Low, Robert E. Heat transfer compositions. USP2015048999190.
  22. Low, Robert E.. Heat transfer compositions. USP2016049309450.
  23. Low, Robert E.. Heat transfer compositions. USP2014128911641.
  24. Low, Robert E.. Heat transfer compositions. USP2014088808570.
  25. Low, Robert E.. Heat transfer compositions. USP2014088808571.
  26. Low, Robert E.. Heat transfer compositions. USP2015018926856.
  27. Rampersad, Bryce Mark; Royal, John Henri; Minbiole, Barry Alan. Method of storing biological samples. USP2009087568353.
  28. Flynn,Kevin P.; Boiarski,Mikhail; Podtcherniaev,Oleg. Methods of freezeout prevention and temperature control for very low temperature mixed refrigerant systems. USP2009017478540.
  29. Arman, Bayram; Prosser, Neil Mark; Rashad, M. Abdul-Aziz; Howard, Henry Edward. Multicomponent refrigerant fluids for low and cryogenic temperatures. USP2005046881354.
  30. Podtchereniaev,Oleg; Apparao,Tamirisa; Flynn,Kevin P.; Yudin,Boris; Mogarichni,Vladimir; Boiarski,Mikhail. Nonflammable mixed refrigerants (MR) for use with very low temperature throttle-cycle refrigeration systems. USP200901RE40627.