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특허 상세정보

Wicking strands for a polymer electrolyte membrane

특허상세정보
국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) H01M-002/00    H01M-002/02   
미국특허분류(USC) 429/034; 429/038; 429/039
출원번호 US-0500413 (2000-02-08)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Sutherland Asbill & Brennan LLP
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 11  인용 특허 : 24
초록

In a hydrogen gas fuel cell a polymer electrolyte membrane, or "PEM," is located between two layers composed of a catalyst material such that a sandwich-like assembly is formed. An anode electrode and a cathode electrode, each composed of a thin sheet of porous material that is permeable to liquid and gas, are situated on either side of the sandwich-like assembly such that one surface of each electrode abuts a catalyst layer. The remaining surface of each electrode abuts a conductive nonporous bipolar plate having grooves cut therein. Wicking strands com...

대표
청구항

In a hydrogen gas fuel cell a polymer electrolyte membrane, or "PEM," is located between two layers composed of a catalyst material such that a sandwich-like assembly is formed. An anode electrode and a cathode electrode, each composed of a thin sheet of porous material that is permeable to liquid and gas, are situated on either side of the sandwich-like assembly such that one surface of each electrode abuts a catalyst layer. The remaining surface of each electrode abuts a conductive nonporous bipolar plate having grooves cut therein. Wicking strands com...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (24)

  1. Wilson Mahlon S.. Ambient pressure fuel cell system. USP2000096117577.
  2. Neutzler Jay Kevin. Brazed bipolar plates for PEM fuel cells. USP1998075776624.
  3. Marx Gilda G. (Los Angeles CA) Marx Robert S. (Los Angeles CA). Breathable body wear. USP1995025390376.
  4. Rohrbach Ronald ; Unger Peter ; Bause Daniel ; Xue Lixin ; Jones Gordon ; Dondero Russell. Chemical reagent package and method of operation effective at removing a wide range of odors. USP1999045891221.
  5. Van Dine Leslie L. (Manchester CT) Maricle Donald L. (Glastonbury CT). Direct methanol oxidation polymer electrolyte membrane power system. USP1996115573866.
  6. Wilkinson David P.,CAX ; Voss Henry H.,CAX ; Fletcher Nicholas J.,CAX ; Johnson Mark C. ; Pow Eric G.,CAX. Electrochemical fuel cell stack with concurrent flow of coolant and oxidant streams and countercurrent flow of fuel and. USP1998065773160.
  7. Rohrbach Ronald P. ; Jones Gordon W. ; Unger Peter D. ; Bause Daniel ; Xue Lixin ; Dondero Russell. Elongate fiber filter mechanically securing solid adsorbent particles between adjacent multilobes. USP1998065759394.
  8. Largman Theodore (Morristown NJ) Gefri Fred J. (Hacketstown NJ) Mares Frank (Whippany NJ). Filaments having trilobal or quadrilobal cross-sections. USP1991105057368.
  9. Rohrbach Ronald P. ; Unger Peter D. ; Sturgeon Richard M. ; Jones Gordon W. ; Kheradi Bijan. Filtration device using absorption for the removal of gas phase contaminants. USP1998025713971.
  10. Gardner Frederick J. (Derby GB2). Fuel cell. USP1994105358799.
  11. Wilson Mahlon S.. Fuel cell membrane humidification. USP1999095952119.
  12. Vanderborgh Nicholas E. (Los Alamos NM) Hedstrom James C. (Los Alamos NM). Fuel cell water transport. USP1990114973530.
  13. Sprouse Kenneth M. (Northridge CA) Navratil James D. (Nederland CO). Hollow artery anode wick for passive variable pressure regenerative fuel cells. USP1996075534363.
  14. Reiser Carl. Ion exchange membrane fuel cell power plant with water management pressure differentials. USP1998125853909.
  15. Reiser Carl (Glastonbury CT). Ion exchange membrane fuel cell power plant with water management pressure differentials. USP1997125700595.
  16. Cisar Alan J. (Cypress TX) Gonzalez-Martin Anuncia (College Station TX) Hitchens G. Duncan (Bryan TX) Murphy Oliver J. (Bryan TX). Membrane with internal passages to permit fluid flow and an electrochemical cell containing the same. USP1997065635039.
  17. Rohrbach Ronald P. ; Jones Gordon W. ; Unger Peter D. ; Bause Daniel E.. Method and apparatus for the continuous capturing and removal of gas molecules. USP1998015704966.
  18. Koseki Kazuo (Kawasaki JPX). Method for feeding water of inclusion and gases for solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell system. USP1994065322744.
  19. Cisar Alan J. ; Gonzalez-Martin Anuncia ; Hitchens G. Duncan ; Murphy Oliver J.. Process of making a membrane with internal passages. USP1999065916505.
  20. Sonai Atsuo (Yokohama JPX) Murata Kenji (Tokyo JPX). Solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell apparatus. USP1994095344721.
  21. Reiser Carl A. (Glastonbury CT) Sawyer Richard D. (Canton CT). Solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell stack water management system. USP1988094769297.
  22. Koseki Kazuo (Kawasaki JPX). Solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell system with ribbed configuration. USP1993085234776.
  23. Watanabe Masahoro (Kofu JPX). Structure of electrochemical cell for wetting diaphragm of solid polymer electrolyte. USP1993115262250.
  24. Meyer Alfred P. (West Simsbury CT) Scheffler Glenn W. (Tolland CT) Margiott Paul R. (South Windsor CT). Water management system for solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell power plants. USP1996045503944.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 11

  1. Woods,Richard Root; Iyer,Rahul Hari; Porter,Brook Forest. Electrochemical reformer and fuel cell system. USP2008077399392.
  2. Goebel, Steven G.. Evaporative cooled fuel cell. USP2005116960404.
  3. Deane, Geoffrey F.; Ferren, Bran; Gates, William; Hillis, W. Daniel; Hyde, Roderick A.; Ishikawa, Muriel Y.; Jung, Edward K. Y.; Kare, Jordin T.; Myhrvold, Nathan P.; Tegreene, Clarence T.; Tuckerman, David B.; Weaver, Thomas A.; Whitmer, Charles; Wood, Jr., Lowell L.; Wood, Victoria Y. H.. Fluid-surfaced electrode. USP2013068460814.
  4. Deane, Geoffrey F.; Ferren, Bran; Gates, William; Hillis, W. Daniel; Hyde, Roderick A.; Ishikawa, Muriel Y.; Jung, Edward K. Y.; Kare, Jordin T.; Myhrvold, Nathan P.; Tegreene, Clarence T.; Tuckerman, David B.; Weaver, Thomas A.; Whitmer, Charles; Wood, Jr., Lowell L.; Wood, Victoria Y. H.. Fluid-surfaced electrode. USP2015038968903.
  5. Deane, Geoffrey F.; Ferren, Bran; Gates, William; Hillis, W. Daniel; Hyde, Roderick A.; Ishikawa, Muriel Y.; Jung, Edward K.Y.; Kare, Jordin T.; Myhrvold, Nathan P.; Tegreene, Clarence T.; Tuckerman, David B.; Weaver, Thomas A.; Whitmer, Charles; Wood, Jr., Lowell L.; Wood, Victoria Y.H.. Fluid-surfaced electrode. USP2015038974939.
  6. Salter, L. Carlton; Pendergrass, Robert; Redmond, Jason. Functionally integrated hydrogen fuel cell. USP2010117838168.
  7. Deane, Geoffrey F.; Ferren, Bran; Gates, William; Hillis, W. Daniel; Hyde, Roderick A.; Ishikawa, Muriel Y.; Jung, Edward K. Y.; Kare, Jordin T.; Myhrvold, Nathan P.; Tegreene, Clarence T.; Tuckerman, David B.; Weaver, Thomas Allan; Whitmer, Charles; Wood, Lowell L.; Wood, Victoria Y. H.. Instrumented fluid-surfaced electrode. USP20180910074879.
  8. Deane, Geoffrey F.; Ferren, Bran; Gates, William; Hillis, W. Daniel; Hyde, Roderick A.; Ishikawa, Muriel Y.; Jung, Edward K. Y.; Kare, Jordin T.; Myhrvold, Nathan P.; Tegreene, Clarence T.; Tuckerman, David B.; Weaver, Thomas Allan; Whitmer, Charles; Wood, Lowell L.; Wood, Victoria Y. H.. Instrumented fluid-surfaced electrode. USP2014108865361.
  9. Deane, Geoffrey F.; Ferren, Bran; Gates, William; Hillis, W. Daniel; Hyde, Roderick A.; Ishikawa, Muriel Y.; Jung, Edward K. Y.; Kare, Jordin T.; Myhrvold, Nathan P.; Tegreene, Clarence T.; Tuckerman, David B.; Weaver, Thomas Allan; Whitmer, Charles; Wood, Lowell L.; Wood, Victoria Y. H.. Instrumented fluid-surfaced electrode. USP2014118889312.
  10. Butcher, Kenneth R.; Floyd, II, Donald E.. Method for humidifying reactant gases for use in a fuel cell. USP2005076913844.
  11. Gu, Wenbin; Fly, Gerald W; Mathias, Mark F. Water management layer on flowfield in PEM fuel cell. USP2010127846591.