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특허 상세정보

Spacecraft and aerospace plane having scissors wings

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) B64C-003/38   
미국특허분류(USC) 244/046; 244/045.R; 244/049; 244/119
출원번호 US-0277687 (2002-10-22)
발명자 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 13  인용 특허 : 22
초록

A spacecraft such as a fly back booster or a reusable launch vehicle, or an aerospace plane has a fuselage and a set of scissors wings consisting of two main wings. Both of the main wings are rotatably mounted on the fuselage and can be yawed at opposite directions. If the spacecraft is launched vertically, both of its main wings can be yawed to be generally parallel with its fuselage so that it can connect with other vehicle or vehicles to form different launch configurations. When the spacecraft or aerospace plane is flying in the air, landing, or taki...

대표
청구항

1. An aerospace apparatus for providing thrust to power a transportation system to fly in an air environment toward orbit, or for flying from an air environment to orbit, said aerospace apparatus comprising: (a) a fuselage, and (b) two wing means for generating aerodynamic lift, and (c) each of said two wing means having a left-side wing and a right-side wing, and (d) at least one pivot means for rotatable installing said two wing means on said fuselage, and (e) at least one yawing means for yawing said two wing means about said pivot means...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (22)

  1. Woodcock Robert R. (Sylmar CA). 90 degree rotation aircraft wing. USP1991034998689.
  2. Ramme Maurice (6326 Beach Dr. SW. Seattle WA 98136) Ramme Monte (17620 - 15th Pl. W. Alderwood Manor WA 98036). Air jet reaction contrarotating rotor gyrodyne. USP1986054589611.
  3. Chen, Zhuo. Air vehicle having scissors wings. USP2003086601795.
  4. Brown Bruce B. (18323 Soledad Canyon Rd. #23 Canyon Country CA 91351). Aircraft having fixed and pivotal wings. USP1997095671898.
  5. Rutherford John W.. Apparatus for operating a wing in three modes and system of use. USP2001066244537.
  6. Rutherford John W. (Scottsdale AZ) O\Rourke Matthew (Newport News VA) McDonnell William R. (St. Louis MO) Smith Brian T. (Everett WA). Canard rotor/wing. USP1995105454530.
  7. Shmoldas John D. (Thousand Oaks CA) Hutchings Michael B. (Westlake Village CA) Barlow Christopher W. (Newbury Park CA). Extendable wing for guided missles and munitions. USP1997045615846.
  8. Robert B. Spencer ; Thomas D. Megna ; James R. Greenwood ; Daniel J. Laintz. Fly back booster. USP2002096450452.
  9. Cox James W. (Arlington TX) Smith Matthew S. (Burbank CA) Driggers Herbert H. (Grand Prairie TX). High lift/low drag wing and missile airframe. USP1992105154370.
  10. Jones Robert T. (Los Altos Hills CA). Oblique-wing supersonic aircraft. USP1976073971535.
  11. Groutage Frederick D. (Laramie WY) Conjerti Samuel N. (San Diego CA) Shaw Lockburn S. (San Diego CA). Pivotal mono wing cruise missile with wing deployment and fastener mechanism. USP1989064842218.
  12. Groutage Frederick D. (Laramie WY) Conjerti Samuel N. (San Diego CA) Shaw Lockburn S. (San Diego CA). Pivotal mono wing cruise missile with wing deployment and fastener mechanism. USP1984064453426.
  13. Clapp Mitchell B. ; Zubrin Robert M.. Reusable rocket-propelled high altitude airplane and method and apparatus for mid-air oxidizer transfer to said airplane. USP2000096119985.
  14. Nyhus Daniel A.. Rotor blade lock for rotary/wing aircraft. USP2000126161799.
  15. Smith Brian E.. Secondary wing system for use on an aircraft. USP1999115992796.
  16. Kelly Michael S.. Space launch vehicles configured as gliders and towed to launch altitude by conventional aircraft. USP2000026029928.
  17. MacConochie Ian O. (Yorktown VA) Briener Charles A. (Hampton VA). Two-stage earth-to-orbit transport with translating oblique wings for booster recovery. USP1991075031857.
  18. Hppner Heinz-Jochen (Bremen DEX) Sgarz Hugo (Bremen-Lesum DEX) Sadowski Herbert (Delmenhorst DEX). Unmanned aircraft. USP1984094471923.
  19. Lapidot, Ehud. Unmanned aircraft having a pivotably movable double wing unit. USP1992015078339.
  20. Alvarez Calderon F Albert (410 Fern Glen La Jolla CA 92037). Variable geometry RPV. USP1992065118052.
  21. Mecca John (110 Whittier Dr. San Remo NY 11754). Vertical launch and hovering space shuttle. USP1988124793572.
  22. Abell Clarence L. (Seattle WA). Wing pivot location and structure for oblique wing airplane. USP1979014132374.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 13

  1. Chavagnac, Christophe; Bertrand, Jerome; Laporte-Weywada, Hugues; Poulain, Olivier; Matharan, Philippe; Laine, Robert. Aerodynamic and spatial composite flight aircraft, and related piloting method. USP2015099145215.
  2. Chavagnac, Christophe; Bertrand, Jérôme; Laporte-Weywada, Hugues; Poulain, Olivier; Matharan, Philippe; Laine, Robert. Aerodynamic and spatial composite flight aircraft, and related piloting method. USP2014048702041.
  3. Shai, Mordechai. Air vehicle and method for operating an air vehicle. USP2014118894003.
  4. Fink, Lawrence E.. Air vehicle wing pivot. USP2010107816635.
  5. Kordel,Jan A.; Tanner,Richard B.; Burford,Ian C.; Munsen,Victor A.; McGinty,Daniel E.; Rampton,Scott N.; Fox,Bruce R.; Kelly,James M.; Johnson,Miles O.. Aircraft wing composed of composite and metal panels. USP2008067387277.
  6. Cook, Michael Leon. Centripetal reflex method of space launch. USP2009047523892.
  7. Raymond, Gerald; Bourdieu, Philippe. Device for reducing aerodynamic drag of a vehicale. USP2012078226044.
  8. MacCready, Tyler; White, Anthony. Navigating drifter. USP2017069676455.
  9. McDonnell, William R. Oblique blended wing body aircraft. USP2013048408490.
  10. McDonnell, William Randall. Oblique blended wing body aircraft. USP2016099440740.
  11. Muylaert, Neal W.; Lamborn, Lyndon Claudius; Durst, Mark Stephen. Rigid rotor assembly for folding helicopter blades. USP2012068192159.
  12. Embacher, Martin. Rotorcraft with a fuselage and at least one main rotor. USP2016129527577.
  13. Prampolini, Marco. Spacecraft afterbody device. USP2013128604402.