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특허 상세정보

Fluoroiodocarbon blends as CFC and halon replacements

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) A62D-001/08    A62D-001/00    A62C-003/00    A62C-013/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 252/008; 252/002; 169/045; 169/046; 169/047
출원번호 US-0269323 (1994-06-30)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Dinsmore &
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 12  인용 특허 : 37
초록

A new set of effective, environmentally safe, nonflammable, low-toxicity refrigerants, solvents, foam blowing agents, propellants, and firefighting agents is disclosed. The agents are clean, electrically nonconductive, and have short atmospheric lifetimes, zero ozone-depletion potential, and low global warming potentials. The agents comprise at least one fluoroiodocarbon agent satisfying the general formula C aHbBrcCldFeIfNg Oh, wherein a is between and including 1 and 8; b is between and including 0 and 2; c, d, g, and h are each between and including 0...

대표
청구항

We claim: 1. A method of using a fire extinguishing agent, comprising the steps of: (a) providing a fire-extinguishing agent comprising a blend of a fluoroiodocarbon and at least one fluoroether in a discharge apparatus; and (b) discharging a fire-extinguishing amount of the fire-extinguishing agent from the discharge apparatus into contact with a combustible or flammable material, wherein the fluoroether is selected from the group consisting of bis-difluoromethyl ether, methyl trifluoromethyl ether, octafluo-1,3-dioxolane, 1,1,2',2',2'-pentafluoromet...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (37)

  1. Swan Ellen L. (Ransomville NY) Basu Rajat S. (Williamsville NY). Azeotrope-like compositions of 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane, dichlorotrifluoroethane and ethanol. USP1989094863630.
  2. Lund Earl E. A. (West Seneca NY) Richard Robert G. (Cheektowaga NY) Shankland Ian R. (Williamsville NY). Azeotrope-like compositions of trichlorofluoromethane, dichlorotrifluoroethane and isopentane. USP1990024900365.
  3. Felix Vinci M. (Kennett Square PA). Azeotrope-like refrigerant mixtures of 1,1-dichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane and 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane. USP1993035194169.
  4. Bartlett Philip L. (Wilmington DE) Bivens Donald B. (Kennett Square PA) Lunger Brooks S. (Coatesville PA) Yokozeki Akimichi (Greenville DE). Azeotropic and azeotrope-like compositions of 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane. USP1993015182040.
  5. Arnaud Didier (Courbevoie FRX) Tanguy Jean-Claude (Sannois FRX). Azeotropic mixtures of dimethyl ether and of 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane and their use. USP1993025188748.
  6. Merchant Abid N. (Wilmington DE) Krespan Carl G. (Wilmington DE). Binary azeotropic compositions of (CF3CHFCHFCF2CF3) with methanol or ethanol o. USP1991115064559.
  7. O\Neill Gerald J. (Arlington MA) Holdsworth Robert S. (Arlington MA). Bis (difluoromethyl) ether refrigerant. USP1990104961321.
  8. Long ; Jr. ; David M.. Brominated perfluorocarbon radiopaque agents. USP1978024073879.
  9. Kung Shin H. (28-34-200th St. Bayside NY 11360). Fire extinguisher and fire extinguishing composition. USP1980104226728.
  10. Nimitz Jonathan S. (Albuquerque NM) Tapscott Robert E. (Albuquerque NM) Skaggs Stephanie R. (Albuquerque NM). Fire extinguishing agents for flooding applications. USP1992085135054.
  11. Nimitz Jonathan S. (Albuquerque NM) Tapscott Robert E. (Albuquerque NM) Skaggs Stephanie R. (Albuquerque NM). Fire extinguishing agents for streaming applications. USP1992045102557.
  12. Hisamoto Iwao (Osaka JPX) Maeda Chiaki (Kyoto JPX) Esaka Takasige (Kyoto JPX) Hirai Masaru (Osaka JPX). Fire extinguishing composition. USP1986084606832.
  13. Dougherty ; Jr. Alfred P. (Wilmington DE) Fernandez Richard E. (Bear DE) Moore Daniel W. (Wilmington DE). Fire extinguishing composition and process. USP1991085040609.
  14. Robin Mark L. (W. Lafayette IN) Iikubo Yuichi (W. Lafayette IN). Fire extinguishing methods utilizing perfluorocarbons. USP1992065117917.
  15. Uchida Yasuzo (Tokyo JPX) Kawai Sadayuki (Tokyo JPX) Sugita Koichi (Tokyo JPX) Nagasaki Hitoshi (Urawa JPX) Shirakawa Yoichi (Urawa JPX). Fire-extinguisher composition. USP1984074459213.
  16. Umemoto Teruo (Kanagawa JPX) Gotoh Yoshihiko (Kanagawa JPX). Fluoroalkylaryliodonuim compounds. USP1989104873027.
  17. York Robert O. (Wilmington DE). Foam blowing agent composition and process for producing foams. USP1992095147896.
  18. Kopko William L. (York PA). Method and refrigerants for replacing existing refrigerants in centrifugal compressors. USP1991125076064.
  19. Yamaguchi Hisayoshi (Tokyo JPX) Yanagisawa Tamotsu (Niigata JPX) Yabuzuka Masao (Gunma JPX) Tanaka Takashi (Niigata JPX) Shimizu Masakatu (Niigata JPX). Method for fire extinguishment of liquid chlorosilane compound. USP1989054830762.
  20. Naumann Dieter (Dortmund DEX) Tyrra Wieland (Herne DEX) Kock Birgit (Mnster DEX) Rudolph Werner (Hannover DEX) Wilkes Bernd (Laatzen DEX). Method for producing CF3I. USP1990054922041.
  21. Ermak Boris (Minneapolis MN). Mixture of three refrigerants. USP1985044510064.
  22. Green Raymond W. (Vancouver CAX). Non-toxic fire extinguishant. USP1990094954271.
  23. York Robert O. (Wilmington DE). Polystyrene foams containing 1,1-defluoroethane. USP1993045204169.
  24. Smits Guido F. (Wijnegem BEX) Thoen Johan A. (Dommelstraat NLX) Davidson Robert M. (Midland MI) Booth ; deceased Llewellyn D. (late of Lake Jackson TX by Petricha K. Booth ; administratrix). Polyurethane foam prepared with reduced levels of hard halocarbon blowing agents. USP1991035001164.
  25. Lin Chung Y. (Orange CT). Polyurethane foams manufactured with mixed gas/liquid blowing agents. USP1991024996242.
  26. Ishiwaka Takumi (Yokohama JPX) Hasegawa Hajime (Chigasaki JPX) Ohashi Takashi (Yokohama JPX). Process for producing flexible polyurethane foam. USP1992035093378.
  27. Semmler ; Hans-Joachim ; Felix ; Bernd. Process for the preparation of perfluoroethyl iodide. USP1978104118290.
  28. Tordeux Marc (Sceaux FRX) Wakselman Claude (Paris FRX). Process for the preparation of trifluoromethyl iodide. USP1988124794200.
  29. Thompson Glenn M. (Tucson AZ). Rapid leak detection system. USP1988024725551.
  30. Kitaichi Shoichiro (Kanagawa JPX). Refrigerant compressor. USP1993045199859.
  31. Tamura Kohji (Kawanishi JPX) Kashiwagi Hiroshi (Settsu JPX) Noguchi Masahiro (Osaka JPX). Refrigerants. USP1990094957652.
  32. Tamura Kohji (Kawanishi JPX) Kashiwagi Hiroshi (Settsu JPX) Noguchi Masahiro (Osaka JPX). Refrigerants. USP1990054923626.
  33. Tamura Kohji (Kawanishi JPX) Kashiwagi Hiroshi (Settsu JPX) Noguchi Masahiro (Osaka JPX). Refrigerants. USP1992025087381.
  34. Tamura Koji (Kawanishi JPX) Kashiwagi Hiroshi (Settsu JPX) Noguchi Masahiro (Osaka JPX). Refrigerants. USP1991014983312.
  35. Keske David G. (Glencoe MO) Schulte Mark S. (St. Charles MO). Rigid foams using CHClF2 as a blowing agent. USP1991075032623.
  36. Ohmure Yukio (Takatsuki JPX) Kashiwagi Hiroshi (Settsu JPX) Fujiwara Katsuki (Suita JPX) Tsuchiya Tatsumi (Neyagawa JPX) Aoyama Hirokazu (Takatsuki JPX). Working fluids. USP1991014985168.
  37. Enjo, Naonori; Noguchi, Masahiro; Ide, Satoshi. Working fluids for the Rankine cycle comprising trichlorofluoromethane and 1,1-difluoroethane, isobutane or octafluorocyclobutane. USP1985124557851.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 12

  1. Singh, Rajiv Ratna; Pham, Hang T.; Richard, Robert G.. Azeotrope-like compositions of pentafluoroethane and trifluoroiodomethane. USP2014088809254.
  2. Singh, Rajiv Ratna; Pham, Hang T.; Richard, Robert Gerard. Azeotrope-like compositions of pentafluoroethane and trifluoroiodomethane. USP2013128598107.
  3. Nagase, Michiomi; Tsuzaki, Masaaki. Azeotrope-like solvent composition and mixed solvent composition. USP2010027662764.
  4. Singh,Rajiv R.; Wilson,David P.; Pham,Hang T.. Azeotrope-like trifluoroiodomethane compositions. USP2008087413674.
  5. Gibson, Jeff; Colton, Bradford. Environmentally beneficial and effective hydrochlorofluorocarbon compositions for fire extinguishing applications. USP2012018096366.
  6. Gibson, Jeff; Colton, Bradford. Environmentally beneficial and effective hydrochlorofluorocarbon compositions for fire extinguishing applications. USP2013098524105.
  7. Mitchell, Mark D.; Black, John F.; Mills, Kurt. Fire suppressing materials and systems and methods of use. USP2015059034202.
  8. Mitchell, Mark D.; Black, John F.; Mills, Kurt. Fire suppressing materials and systems and methods of use. USP2014128920668.
  9. Mitchell, Mark D.; Black, John F.; Mills, Kurt E.. Fire suppressing materials and systems and methods of use. USP2017079713732.
  10. Mondino, Riccardo. Low environmental impact refrigerant gas mixtures. USP2018069999794.
  11. Wilson, David P.; Pham, Hang T.; Singh, Rajiv R.; Thomas, Raymond H.. Methods of replacing refrigerant. USP2009117622435.
  12. Rabb, David M.; Huey, Kenneth H.. System and methods for monitoring leaks in underground storage tanks. USP2017129841344.