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특허 상세정보

Moisture-resistant black powder substitute compositions

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-043/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/109.4; 149/077; 149/002
출원번호 US-0631545 (2003-07-31)
등록번호 US-7459043 (2008-12-02)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    TraskBritt
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 2  인용 특허 : 25
초록

A solid pyrotechnic composition having a flame temperature and exhibiting ballistic performance comparable to that of black powder, but which does not contain charcoal or sulfur, is provided, as is a method for making such composition. A solid pyrotechnic composition, and method for making the same, which has a flame temperature and exhibits ballistic performance comparable to that of boron/potassium nitrate and that is preferably free of boron is also provided.

대표
청구항

What is claimed is: 1. A solid pyrotechnic composition consisting of: oxidizer particles comprising between about 40.0 weight percent and about 90.0 weight percent of a total weight of a solid pyrotechnic composition; organic crystalline particles comprising between about 10.0 weight percent and about 60.0 weight percent of the total weight of the solid pyrotechnic composition, wherein the organic crystalline particles comprise at least one organic crystalline compound or a mixture of the at least one organic crystalline compound and at least one salt o...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (25)

  1. Dillehay David R. (Marshall TX) Turner David W. (Marshall TX) Blackwell Jim (Shreveport LA). Black powder processing on twin-screw extruder. USP1997095670098.
  2. Weber, Anton B.. Charcoal-free black powder type granules and method of production. USP1994065320691.
  3. Pawlak ; Daniel E. ; Levenson ; Michael. Deflagrating propellant compositions. USP1978124128443.
  4. Kim Chung S. (1955 Santa Maria Way Sacramento CA 95825). Filler reinforcement of polyurethane binder using a neutral polymeric bonding agent. USP1990044915755.
  5. Hiskey Michael A. ; Chavez David E.. High-nitrogen energetic material based pyrotechnic compositions. USP1999065917146.
  6. Barry Jude W. (Carmichael CA) Moorehead Ralph M. (Shingle Springs CA). Insensitive high explosive. USP1991075034073.
  7. Bell Frank H. (Logan UT). LOVA Type black powder propellant surrogate. USP1986024570540.
  8. Hiskey Michael A. ; Chavez David E. ; Naud Darren L.. Low-smoke pyrotechnic compositions. USP2001116312537.
  9. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Doll Daniel W. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1997105673935.
  10. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Doll Daniel W. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1997015592812.
  11. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1998035725699.
  12. David R. Dillehay ; David W. Turner ; James A. Blackwell. Method for manufacturing of black powder and black powder substitute. USP2002036361719.
  13. Cioffe Anthony (5050 Fillmore St. Hollywood FL 33021). Method of making a propellant and explosive composition. USP1997055633476.
  14. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P.. Method of safely initiating combustion of a gas generant composition using an autoignition composition. USP2001046221187.
  15. Fey Warren O. (Las Vegas NV). Methods of making explosive compositions, and the resulting products. USP1996105569875.
  16. Flanigan David A. ; Mancini Vincent E. ; Harper Michael R.. Methods of preparing gas generant formulations. USP1998035731540.
  17. Lundstrom Norman H.. Monopropellant and propellant compositions including mono and polyaminoguanidine dinitrate. USP2000046045638.
  18. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Khandhadia Paresh S.. Nonazide gas generating compositions. USP1998055756929.
  19. Cioffe Anthony (5050 Fillmore St. Hollywood FL 33021). Propellant and explosive composition. USP1995095449423.
  20. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Greso Aaron J. ; Scheffee Robert S.. Pyrotechnic gas generant composition including high oxygen balance fuel. USP2000076093269.
  21. Weber Anton B. (Montclair NJ). Red powder articles and compositions. USP1995065425310.
  22. Garner Eugene F. (Canyon Country CA). Starch as fuel in gas generating compositions. USP1980124238253.
  23. Kusakabe Masao (Hiratsuka JA) Fuziwara Shuzo (Hiratsuka JA) Shiino Kazuo (Odawara JA). Underwater blasting explosives. USP1977094047987.
  24. Barrett G. Dean. Unitary propellant charge for muzzle loading firearms. USP1998035726378.
  25. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Using metal complex compositions as gas generants. USP1998045735118.