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특허 상세정보

High stability fuel compositions

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C10L-001/32   
미국특허분류(USC) 044/301; 044/302; 044/324; 044/375; 044/379; 044/404; 044/408; 044/447; 044/450
출원번호 UP-0108447 (1998-07-01)
등록번호 US-7645305 (2010-02-22)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Lewis and Roca LLP
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 2  인용 특허 : 21
초록

Improved highly stable formulation for aqueous fuel emulsion compositions with a water continuous phase, having reduced NOx emissions. The fuel emulsion formulation includes diesel fuel, purified water, and an additive package that includes one or more surfactants, lubricity additive, cetane improver, anti-corrosion additive, and an alcohol or other suitable antifreeze, the emulsion having an average droplet size of less than 10 microns.

대표
청구항

What is claimed is: 1. A high-stability, low emission, fuel emulsion composition for a reciprocating engine comprising: purified water being substantially 28-50% by weight of said fuel emulsion composition wherein water is a continuous phase of said fuel emulsion; hydrocarbon petroleum distillate being substantially 43-70% by weight of said fuel emulsion; and additives being at least 1% by weight of said fuel emulsion wherein said additives includes: an ignition delay modifier being substantially 0.1%-0.4% by weight of said fuel emulsion wherein said ig...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (21)

  1. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH). Carboxylic solubilizer/surfactant combinations and aqueous compositions containing same. USP1984054447348.
  2. Wenzel ; Edward C. ; Steinmann ; Henry W.. Clear and stable liquid fuel compositions for internal combustion engines. USP1978044083698.
  3. Langer, Deborah A.; Mullay, John J.; Fakult, Jennifer N.; Daves, Harshida C.; Skoch, William E.; Westfall, David L.. Concentrated emulsion for making an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel. USP2003116652607.
  4. Coleman, Gerald N.; Sibley, James E.. Constant heating value aqueous fuel mixture and method for formulating the same. USP2003126656236.
  5. Langer, Deborah A.; Westfall, David L.; Skoch, William E.; Mullay, John J.. Continuous process for making an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel. USP2003036530964.
  6. Westfall, David L.; Mullay, John J.; Rowan, Stephen P.. Continuous process for making an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel emulsions. USP2004126827749.
  7. Daly Daniel T. ; Mullay John J. ; Schiferl Elizabeth A. ; Langer Deborah A. ; Westfall David L. ; Dave Harshida ; Filippini Brian B. ; Abraham William D.. Emulsified water-blended fuel compositions. USP2001086280485.
  8. Daly, Daniel T.; Mullay, John J.; Schiferl, Elizabeth A.. Emulsified water-blended fuel compositions. USP2005026858046.
  9. Daly, Daniel T.; Mullay, John J.; Schiferl, Elizabeth A.. Emulsified water-blended fuel compositions. USP2003116648929.
  10. Schwab Scott Daniel (Richmond VA). Emulsion diesel fuel composition with reduced emissions. USP1997095669938.
  11. Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D.,GB3 ; Valentine James M. ; Dubin Leonard. Enhanced lubricity diesel fuel emulsions for reduction of nitrogen oxides. USP1998045743922.
  12. Dubin Leonard (Skokie IL). Enhanced lubricity fuel oil emulsions. USP1994025284492.
  13. Cemenska Richard A. ; Coleman Gerald N. ; Cortes Carlos H. ; Jakush Ed ; Scheuermann Ted. W.. Fuel emulsion blending system. USP1999025873916.
  14. Deborah A. Langer ; David L. Westfall ; Morris E. Smith ; Robert T. Graf ; Harshida Dave ; John J. Mullay ; Daniel T. Daly ; Elizabeth A. Schiferl. Process and apparatus for making aqueous hydrocarbon fuel compositions, and aqueous hydrocarbon fuel composition. USP2002046368366.
  15. Deborah A. Langer ; David L. Westfall ; Morris E. Smith ; Robert T. Graf ; Harshida Dave ; John J. Mullay ; Daniel T. Daly ; Elizabeth A. Schiferl ; Brian B. Filippini ; William D. Abraham. Process and apparatus for making aqueous hydrocarbon fuel compositions, and aqueous hydrocarbon fuel composition. USP2002046368367.
  16. Deborah A. Langer ; David L. Westfall ; Morris E. Smith ; Robert T. Graf ; Harshida Dave ; John J. Mullay ; Daniel T. Daly ; Elizabeth A. Schiferl ; Brian B. Filippini ; William D. Abraham . Process and apparatus for making aqueous hydrocarbon fuel compositions, and aqueous hydrocarbon fuel compositions. USP2002056383237.
  17. Brown Donald T. (Kearny NJ) Dainoff Alexander S. (Rockville Centre NY). Reducing nitrogen oxides emissions by dual fuel firing of a turbine. USP1994095344306.
  18. Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D. (Bodwin GB3) Valentine James M. (Fairfield CT). Reduction of nitrogen oxides emissions from vehicular diesel engines. USP1996125584894.
  19. Coleman, Gerald N.; Endicott, Dennis L.; Jakush, Edward A.; Nikolov, Alex. Stabile fuel emulsions and method of making. USP2003086607566.
  20. Mullay John J. (Hazeltown PA) Sohara Joseph A. (Whitehall PA). Stable fluid systems for preparing high density explosive compositions. USP1990034907368.
  21. Patterson William P. (Mentone AL) Self David N. (Oakman AL). Two phase emulsion useful in explosive compositions. USP1997095670739.