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"" 따옴표 내의 구문과 완전히 일치하는 문서만 검색 예) "Transform and Quantization"

특허 상세정보

Water in hydrocarbon emulsion useful as low emission fuel and method for forming same

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C10L-001/32   
미국특허분류(USC) 044/301; 044/302
출원번호 UP-0846283 (2007-08-28)
등록번호 US-7704288 (2010-05-20)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Bachman & LaPointe, P.C.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 2  인용 특허 : 14
초록

A water-in-hydrocarbon emulsion includes a water phase, a hydrocarbon phase and a surfactant, wherein the water phase is present in an amount greater than or equal to about 5% vol. with respect to volume of the emulsion, and the water phase and the surfactant are present at a ratio by volume of the water phase to the surfactant of at least about 1. A method for preparing the emulsion is also provided.

대표
청구항

What is claimed: 1. A method for forming a stable water in liquid hydrocarbon microemulsion, comprising the steps of: providing a liquid hydrocarbon phase; providing a water phase; providing a surfactant package having an HLB of between about 6 and about 10 and having a lipophilic component having an HLB of between about 1 and about 8 and a hydrophilic component having an HLB of between about 10 and about 18, wherein said surfactant package further includes a functional group for improving performance of said stable microemulsion as a combustible fuel, ...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (14)

  1. Gunnerman Rudolf W. (210 Gentry Way Reno NV 89502). Aqueous fuel for internal combustion engine and method of combustion. USP199605RE35237.
  2. Davis Marshall E. (Poughkeepsie NY) Sung Rodney L. (Fishkill NY). Clear stable gasoline composition. USP1986024568355.
  3. Davis Marshall E. (Poughkeepsie NY) Sung Rodney L. (Fishkill NY). Clear stable gasoline-alcohol-water motor fuel composition. USP1986074599088.
  4. Davis Marshall E. (Poughkeepsie NY) Sung Rodney L. (Fishkill NY) Crawford Wheeler C. (Houston TX). Conversion of hazy gasoline to clear stable gasoline. USP1986024568354.
  5. Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D.,GB3 ; Valentine James M. ; Dubin Leonard. Enhanced lubricity diesel fuel emulsions for reduction of nitrogen oxides. USP1998045743922.
  6. Hazbun Edward A. (Media PA) Schon Steven G. (Dover NJ). Fire resistant microemulsions containing phenyl alcohols as cosurfactants. USP1988094770670.
  7. Cemenska Richard A. ; Coleman Gerald N. ; Cortes Carlos H. ; Jakush Ed ; Scheuermann Ted. W.. Fuel emulsion blending system. USP1999025873916.
  8. Genova Calogero (Vizzolo Predabissi ITX) Blute Irena (LidingSEX) Pappa Rosario (Monterotondo ITX). Hybrid diesel fuel composition. USP1992045104418.
  9. Schon Steven G. (Philadelphia PA) Hazbun Edward A. (Media PA). Methanol as cosurfactant for microemulsions. USP1991045004479.
  10. Cook Edward J. (South Hamilton MA) Lagace Arthur P. (Newtonville MA). Method of forming a microemulsion. USP1990034908154.
  11. Hazbun Edward A. (Media PA) Schon Steven G. (Philadelphia PA) Grey Roger A. (West Chester PA). Microemulsion fuel system. USP1988054744796.
  12. Davis Marshall E. (Poughkeepsie NY) Sung Rodney L. (Fishkill NY). Motor fuel composition. USP1986014565548.
  13. DenHerder Marvin J. (816 Brookwood Dr. Olympia Fields IL 60461). Oil fuel combustion. USP1987094696638.
  14. Chambers John M. (541 Tremont Ave. Westfield NJ 07090). Process for making anhydrous alcohol for mixing with gasoline to make gasohol motor fuel. USP1986024568356.