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특허 상세정보

Nontoxic, noncorrosive phosphorus-based primer compositions and an ordnance element including the same

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/00    C06B-045/18    C06B-029/00    D03D-023/00    D03D-043/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/003; 149/002; 149/029; 149/108.8; 149/109.4
출원번호 US-0194437 (2008-08-19)
등록번호 US-8540828 (2013-09-24)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    TraskBritt
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 37  인용 특허 : 46
초록

A primer composition that includes red phosphorus having an acid scavenger and a polymer thereon. The primer composition includes at least one other component that is substantially free of lead. The other component is at least one oxidizer, or at least one oxidizer and at least one of at least one secondary explosive composition and at least one energetic binder. The primer composition optionally includes at least one element having an ionic charge to ionic radius ratio of 4 or of 8, such as magnesium, zirconium, aluminum, silicon, titanium, tungsten, al...

대표
청구항

1. A primer composition, comprising: red phosphorus stabilized by an acid scavenger and a polymer; andat least one energetic binder comprising at least one of poly(3-azidomethyl-3-methyloxetane), poly(bis(3,3-azidomethyl)oxetane), poly(3-nitratomethyl-3-methyloxetane), glycidyl azide polymer, poly(nitraminomethyl-methyloxetane), copoly-(bis(3,3-azidomethyl)oxetane)/(nitraminomethyl-methyloxetane), copoly-(bis(3,3-azidomethyl)oxetane)/(3-azidomethyl-3-methyloxetane), and combinations thereof,wherein the primer composition is substantially free of lead. 2....

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (46)

  1. Raupp, Karl; Brand, Werner; Lang, Hansjorg; Kukla, Wolfgang. Ammunition for smoke generation. USP2003096612242.
  2. Kerviel, Hildebert; Poulard, Serge. Cold moldable explosive composition. USP1985114554031.
  3. Walker Franklin E. (15 Way Points Rd. Danville CA 94526) Wasley Richard J. (4290 Colgate Way Livermore CA 94550). Donor free radical explosive composition. USP1980044196026.
  4. Bradbury Roy,GBX. Dye diffusion thermal transfer printing. USP2000056057264.
  5. Chan May L. (Ridgecrest CA) Roy Edward M. (Socorro NM) Turner Alan (Ridgecrest CA). Energetic binder explosive. USP1994055316600.
  6. Zimmermann Leon M. (Johannesburg ZAX). Explosive composition. USP1990124976793.
  7. Walker Franklin E. (18 Shadow Oak Rd. Danville CA 94526) Wasley Richard J. (4290 Colgate Way Livermore CA 94550). Explosive composition with group VIII metal nitroso halide getter. USP1982064336085.
  8. Wells Franklin B. (Memphis TN). Flexible explosive composition comprising particulate RDX, HMX or PETN and a nitrostarch binder plasticized with TEGDN o. USP1977034014719.
  9. Walker Franklin E. (15 Way Points Rd. Danville CA 94526) Wasley Richard J. (4290 Colgate Way Livermore CA 94550). Free radical explosive composition. USP1979034142927.
  10. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P. ; Haun Daniel. Gas generating compositions. USP1998075780768.
  11. Tajima Yuji A. (Teaneck NJ). Lead chelate complex compounds. USP1980104226792.
  12. Erickson Jack A.. Lead-free centerfire primer with DDNP and barium nitrate oxidizer. USP1998115831208.
  13. Mei, George C.; Pickett, James W.. Lead-free nontoxic explosive mix. USP2005046878221.
  14. Dixon George P. ; Martin Joe A. ; Thompson Don. Lead-free precussion primer mixes based on metastable interstitial composite (MIC) technology. USP1998025717159.
  15. Bjerke Robert K. (Lewiston ID) Kees Kenneth P. (Lewiston ID) Ward James P. (Lewiston ID) Stevens Walter H. (Lewiston ID). Lead-free primed rimfire cartridge. USP1993065216199.
  16. Mei George C. (St. Louis MO) Pickett James W. (Gillespie IL). Lead-free priming mixture for percussion primer. USP1995055417160.
  17. Rose, James E.; Elstrodt, Douglas; Puszynski, Jan A.. Lead-free pyrotechnic composition. USP2003126663731.
  18. Guindon Louise (Laval CAX) Allard Danielle (Ancienne Lorette CAX). Low toxicity primer composition. USP1995025388519.
  19. Dillehay David R. (Marshall TX). Low-toxicity obscuring smoke formulation. USP1996065522320.
  20. Erickson, Jack; Sandstrom, Joel; Johnston, Gene; Norris, Neal; Braun, Patrick; Blau, Reed; Liu, Lisa Spendlove. Non-toxic percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2012068202377.
  21. Erickson Jack A. (Andover MN) Kramer Robert L. (Minneapolis MN) Hallis John M. (Buffalo MN). Non-toxic primer. USP1996085547528.
  22. Henry J. John, Jr. ; Carolyn Yeager ; Don Pile ; Tim Webb. Non-toxic primer mix. USP2002116478903.
  23. Erickson, Jack A.. Non-toxic, heavy-metal-free shotshell primer mix. USP2003046544363.
  24. Mei George C. (St. Louis MO) Pickett James W. (Gillespie IL). Nontoxic priming mix. USP1992125167736.
  25. Mei George C. (St. Louis MO) Pickett James W. (Gillespie IL). Nontoxic priming mix. USP1996105567252.
  26. Busky, Randall T.; Botcher, Tod R.; Sandstrom, Joel; Erickson, Jack. Nontoxic, noncorrosive phosphorus-based primer compositions. USP2010127857921.
  27. Jouet,R. Jason; Stern,Alfred G.; Rosenberg,David M.. Passivation layer on aluminum surface and method thereof. USP2007037192649.
  28. Shaffer John W. (Williamsport PA). Photoflash lamp. USP1977114059388.
  29. Wardle,Robert B.; Hinshaw,Jerald C.. Polycyclic, polyamides as precursors for energetic polycyclic polynitramine oxidizers. USP2006107129348.
  30. Hagel Rainer (Lichtenfels DEX) Redecker Klaus (Nuremberg DEX). Primer charges free of lead and barium. USP1986044581082.
  31. Bjerke Robert K. (Lewiston ID) Ward James P. (Lewiston ID) Ells Delbert O. (Clarkston WA) Kees Kenneth P. (Lewiston ID). Primer composition. USP1990104963201.
  32. Yates ; Jr. Donald N. (Katy TX) Oestrich Michael (Katy TX). Primer mix, percussion primer and method for initiating combustion. USP1985064522665.
  33. Andrew Eugene A. (Florissant MO). Priming mix with minimum viscosity change. USP1979014133707.
  34. Gawlick Heinz (Vagen DEX) Marondel Gunther (Erlangen DEX) Sieglein Werner (Nuremberg DEX). Priming system for high-temperature stable propellants. USP1979034145969.
  35. Hamilton Brian K. (6919 S. Steele St. Littleton CO 80122) Pugh F. William (11610 Thistlehill Dr. Loveland OH 45140). Propellant strip assembly. USP1993055208420.
  36. Remerowski David L.. Propellant strip assembly and propellant charge structure. USP2000046053108.
  37. Koch, Ernst-Christian; Dochnahl, Axel. Pyrotechnic active mass for producing an aerosol highly emissive in the infrared spectrum and inpenetrable in the visible spectrum. USP2003066581520.
  38. Rayer Peter,DEX ; Hieke Klaus,DEX ; Scholz Markus,DEX. Pyrotechnic active mass with ignition and combustion accelerator. USP2001116322648.
  39. Simpson Geoffrey M. (Nottingham GBX). Pyrotechnic composition for producing radiation-blocking screen. USP1988034728375.
  40. Miskelly, Jr., Hermann L.. Solid propellant formulations and methods and devices employing the same for the destruction of airborne biological and/or chemical agents. USP2004086782827.
  41. Staendeke Horst (Erftstadt DEX) Adam Wilhelm (Neuisenburg DEX) Dany Franz-Josef (Erftstadt DEX) Kandler Joachim (Erftstadt DEX). Stabilized red phosphorus and process for its manufacture. USP1982024315897.
  42. Staendeke Horst (Lohmar DEX) Thmmler Ursus (Erftstadt DEX) Adam Wilhelm (Neu-Isenburg DEX). Stabilized red phosphorus and process for making it. USP1989084853288.
  43. Albanesi Giancarlo (Milan ITX) Rinaldi Gianfranco (Magenta ITX). Stabilized red phosphorus for use as flame-retardant, in particular for compositions on the basis of polymers. USP1987104698215.
  44. Horold, Sebastian; Laubner, Jurgen. Stabilized red phosphorus material and a process for its preparation. USP2003116645625.
  45. Wardecki Norbert,DEX ; Feldmeier Herwig,DEX. Sub-ammunition object for vapor generation. USP1999115992327.
  46. Walker Franklin E. (18 Shadow Oak Rd. Danville CA 94526) Wasley Richard J. (4290 Colgate Way Livermore CA 94550). Zirconium hydride containing explosive composition. USP1981124304614.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 37

  1. Burrow, Lonnie. Ammunition cartridge with primer insert. USP201812D836180.
  2. Burrow, Lonnie. Ammunition having a projectile made by metal injection molding. USP2017039587918.
  3. Burrow, Lonnie. Cartridge base insert. USP201809D828483.
  4. Burczynski, Thomas J.; Sachse, Nick T.. Firearm bullet. USP201707D791266.
  5. Burczynski, Thomas J.; Sachse, Nick T.. Firearm bullet. USP201710D800244.
  6. Burczynski, Thomas J.; Sachse, Nick T.. Firearm bullet. USP201710D800245.
  7. Burczynski, Thomas J.; Sachse, Nick T.. Firearm bullet. USP201711D802705.
  8. Burczynski, Thomas J.; Sachse, Nick T.. Firearm bullet. USP201710D800246.
  9. Burczynski, Thomas J.; Sachse, Nick T.. Firearm bullet and portions of a firearm cartridge. USP201707D791264.
  10. Burczynski, Thomas J.; Sachse, Nick T.. Firearm bullet and portions of a firearm cartridge. USP201707D791265.
  11. Burrow, Lonnie. Lightweight polymer ammunition cartridge casings. USP2017019546849.
  12. Burrow, Lonnie. Lightweight polymer ammunition cartridge having a primer diffuser. USP20180810048049.
  13. Burrow, Lonnie. Metal injection molded ammunition cartridge. USP20180810041770.
  14. Burrow, Lonnie. Method of making a polymer ammunition cartridge casing. USP2016129513096.
  15. Burrow, Lonnie. Method of making a polymer ammunition cartridge having a metal injection molded primer insert. USP20190310234253.
  16. Burrow, Lonnie. Method of making a polymeric subsonic ammunition cartridge. USP20180810048052.
  17. Burrow, Lonnie. Method of making a primer insert for use in polymer ammunition. USP2018049933241.
  18. Burrow, Lonnie. Method of making a projectile by metal injection molding. USP20180910081057.
  19. Burrow, Lonnie. Method of making ammunition having a two-piece primer insert. USP2016129523563.
  20. Burrow, Lonnie. Method of making polymer ammunition cartridges having a two-piece primer insert. USP2016119506735.
  21. Burrow, Lonnie. Method of making polymer ammunition having a metal injection molded primer insert. USP20181210145662.
  22. Burrow, Lonnie. Method of making polymeric subsonic ammunition. USP20190110190857.
  23. Burrow, Lonnie. Polymer ammunition cartridge having a three-piece primer insert. USP20181010101136.
  24. Burrow, Lonnie. Polymer ammunition cartridge having a three-piece primer insert. USP20180810048050.
  25. Burrow, Lonnie. Polymer ammunition cartridge having a two-piece primer insert. USP2016129518810.
  26. Burrow, Lonnie. Polymer ammunition cartridge having a wicking texturing. USP2017049631907.
  27. Burrow, Lonnie. Polymer ammunition having a MIM primer insert. USP20190410254096.
  28. Burrow, Lonnie. Polymer ammunition having a primer insert with a primer pocket groove. USP20190310240905.
  29. Burrow, Lonnie. Polymer ammunition having a primer insert with a primer pocket groove. USP20190310234249.
  30. Burrow, Lonnie. Polymer ammunition having a three-piece primer insert. USP20181010101140.
  31. Burrow, Lonnie. Polymer ammunition having a three-piece primer insert. USP20180810054413.
  32. Burrow, Lonnie. Polymer ammunition having a two-piece primer insert. USP2017019551557.
  33. Burrow, Lonnie. Polymer ammunition having a wicking texturing. USP2017129835423.
  34. Burrow, Lonnie. Primer diverter cup used in polymer ammunition. USP201702D780283.
  35. Burrow, Lonnie. Primer insert for a polymer ammunition cartridge casing. USP2018039927219.
  36. Hafner, Matthew T.; Balangue, Ruben; Clark, Danny D.; Westbrook, III, John William. Propellant compositions including stabilized red phosphorus and methods of forming same. USP2015129199887.
  37. Burrow, Lonnie. Three-piece primer insert having an internal diffuser for polymer ammunition. USP20180810041777.