초록
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A weighing system and a weighing method are disclosed having uninterrupted weighing functions. A plurality of load cells in the weighing system are arranged so that each load cell has a local small neighborhood, the local small neighborhood being defined by four neighboring points in front, back, left, and right of the load cell and four points on diagonal directions in a matrix. A weighing control module polls the load cells to determine whether there is failed load cell(s), and performs a calculation: W.=f(W1,W2,W3,W4,W5,W6,W7), where f is a non-linear...
A weighing system and a weighing method are disclosed having uninterrupted weighing functions. A plurality of load cells in the weighing system are arranged so that each load cell has a local small neighborhood, the local small neighborhood being defined by four neighboring points in front, back, left, and right of the load cell and four points on diagonal directions in a matrix. A weighing control module polls the load cells to determine whether there is failed load cell(s), and performs a calculation: W.=f(W1,W2,W3,W4,W5,W6,W7), where f is a non-linear mapping; and W1 . . . W8 represents weighing outputs of load cells corresponding to the eight points in the local small neighborhood so as to calculate an estimated weighing output of the failed load cell.
대표
청구항
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1. A weighing method for providing a combined weighing value with a weighing system having uninterrupted weighing functions, the weighing system having a plurality of load cells, the weighing method comprising: a) arranging the plurality of load cells so that each load cell has a local small neighborhood, the local small neighborhood being a neighborhood defined by four adjacent points in front, back, left, and right of the load cell and four points on the diagonal directions in a matrix, the local small neighborhood of each load cell having other load c...
1. A weighing method for providing a combined weighing value with a weighing system having uninterrupted weighing functions, the weighing system having a plurality of load cells, the weighing method comprising: a) arranging the plurality of load cells so that each load cell has a local small neighborhood, the local small neighborhood being a neighborhood defined by four adjacent points in front, back, left, and right of the load cell and four points on the diagonal directions in a matrix, the local small neighborhood of each load cell having other load cells disposed on at least some points;b) determining, by a weighing control module of the weighing system, upon a start of a weighing operation, whether there is at least one load cell having no weighing output,when there is no load cell having no weighing output, then a combined weighing value of weighing system is determined according to the weighing outputs of all the load cells; andwhen there is at least one load cell having no weighing output, the at least one load cell being at least one failed load cell, then a calculation is performed by the weighing control module as follows for each of the at least one failed load cell; W.=f(W1,W2,…Wm)=[k1,k2,…km]×[W1W2⋮Wm]+…+[W1,W2,…Wm]×[q11(n)q12(n)…q1m(n)q21(n)q22(n)…q2m(n)⋮⋮⋮⋮qm1(n)qm2(n)…qmm(n)]×[W1nW2n⋮Wmn]where,m is a number of adjacent normal load cells in the local small neighborhood of the failed load cell;W1, W2, . . . Wm are weighing outputs of the normal load cells in the local small neighborhood;W. is an estimated output weighing value of the failed load cell;k1, k2, . . . km are linear estimation coefficients;q11(n), q12(n), . . . qmax(n) are nth non-linear estimation coefficients, n being an integer greater than or equal to 2;the linear estimation coefficients and the nth non-linear estimation coefficients being determined by substituting experimental data derived by at least m+(n−1)m2 times of weighing into an equation as follows under a circumstance that all the load cells work normally; [k1,k2,…km]×[W1W2⋮Wm]+…+[W1,W2,…Wm]×[q11(n)q12(n)…q1m(n)q21(n)q22(n)…q2m(n)⋮⋮⋮⋮qm1(n)qm2(n)…qmm(n)]×[W1nW2n⋮Wmn]-W*=0where, W* is a weighing output of the failed load cell when the failed load cell works normally;c) providing, by the weighing control module, the combined weighing value of the whole weighing system equal to the weighing outputs of all the normal load cells and the estimated weighing outputs of all the at least one failed load cell as follows: W=∑i=1m*Wi+∑j=0pW·jwhere,W is a combined weighing value of the weighing system;Wi the weighing output of each normal load cell;W.j is the estimated weighing value of each failed load cell;m* is the total number of normal load cells and is an integer, and m*≥1;p is a total number of failed load cells and is an integer, and p≥0. 2. A weighing system having uninterrupted weighing functions for providing a combined weighing value, wherein the weighing system comprises: a plurality of load cells;a weighing platform or carrier; anda weighing control module, the weighing control module being coupled to the plurality of load cells, where the plurality of load cells are arranged so that each load cell has a local small neighborhood, the local small neighborhood being a neighborhood defined by four adjacent points in front, back, left, and right of the load cell and four points on diagonal directions in a matrix, the local small neighborhood of each load cell having other load cells disposed on at least some points;the weighing control module being configured to poll the plurality of load cells to determine, at a start of a weighing operation, whether there is at least one load cell having no weighing output, and when there is at least one load cell having no weighing output, the at least one load cell being at least one failed load cell, then the weighing control module is configured to perform a calculation as follows for each of the at least one failed load cell; W.=f(W1,W2,…Wm)=[k1,k2,…km]×[W1W2⋮Wm]+…+[W1,W2,…Wm]×[q11(n)q12(n)…q1m(n)q21(n)q22(n)…q2m(n)⋮⋮⋮⋮qm1(n)qm2(n)…qmm(n)]×[W1nW2n⋮Wmn]where,m is a number of adjacent normal load cells in the local small neighborhood of the failed load cell;W1, W2, . . . Wm are weighing outputs of the normal load cells in the local small neighborhood;W. is an estimated output weighing value of the failed load cell;m are linear estimation coefficients;q11(n), q12(n), . . . qmax(n) are nth non-linear estimation coefficients, n being an integer greater than or equal to 2;the linear estimation coefficients and the nth non-linear estimation coefficients being determined by substituting experimental data derived by at least m+(n−1)m2 times of weighing into an equation as follows under a circumstance that all the load cells work normally; [k1,k2,…km]×[W1W2⋮Wm]+…+[W1,W2,…Wm]×[q11(n)q12(n)…q1m(n)q21(n)q22(n)…q2m(n)⋮⋮⋮⋮qm1(n)qm2(n)…qmm(n)]×[W1nW2n⋮Wmn]-W*=0where, W* is a weighing output of the failed load cell when the failed load cell works normally;the weighing control module being configured to provide a combined weighing value of the whole weighing system being equal to weighing outputs of all the normal load cells and the estimated weighing outputs of all the at least one failed load cells and is expressed below: W=∑i=1m*Wi+∑j=0pW·jwhere,W is a combined weighing value of the weighing system;Wi is the weighing output of each normal load cell;W.j is the estimated weighing value of each failed load cell;is a total number of normal load cells and is an integer, and m*≥1; andp is a total number of failed load cells and is an integer, and p≥0. 3. The weighing system as recited in claim 2, wherein the weighing system is a weighing system of a mixing station. 4. The weighing system as recited in claim 2, wherein the weighing system is a platform weighing system. 5. The weighing system as recited in claim 2, wherein the weighing system is a weighing system of a vehicle scale. 6. The weighing method as recited in claim 1, wherein the weighing system is a weighing system of a mixing station. 7. The weighing method as recited in claim 1, wherein the weighing system is a platform weighing system. 8. The weighing method as recited in claim 1, wherein the weighing system is a weighing system of a vehicle scale. 9. The weighing method according to claim 1, comprising: polling each load cell to identify the at least one load cell having no weighing output; andproviding the combined weighing value by determining estimated weighing outputs of plural load cells having no weighing output including the at least one load cells having no weighing output. 10. The weighing method according to claim 9, comprising: recording the location of the at least one load cell having no weighing output. 11. The weighing method according to claim 9, wherein the combined weighing value is provided as an analog output. 12. The weighing method according to claim 9, wherein the combined weighing value is provided as a digital output. 13. The weighing system according to claim 2, wherein the load cells are digital load cells. 14. The weighing system according to claim 2, wherein the load cells are analog load cells. 15. The weighing system according to claim 2, wherein the load cells are arranged in at least one of a rectangular arrangement, or a triangular arrangements. 16. The weighing system according to claim 2, comprising: a terminal display for outputting a weighing result. 17. The weighing system according to claim 2, comprising: a CAN bus for transferring a digital load cell output to a weighing control and display module. 18. The weighing system according to claim 17, comprising: a human computer interactive module for controlling the weighing system.