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A Study on the Aspects That the Factors of Implementing Curriculum Development for the Korean Language Education in the Middle School

교육과정연구 v.20 no.4 , 2002년, pp.107 - 140
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This study is aimed at investigating the factors of implementing the curriculum for the department of the Korean language, and analyzing the aspects that each factor operates through observing the teaching materials and the classes to which the 7th curriculum is applied. In the meantime, the concern with a curriculum has been concentrated on developing it, and little concern has been given to the curriculum which has been already developed and is being implemented. As the result, the criticism that a curriculum has not brought any change to actual educational fields is numerous, but the positive data indicating what has not been changed how and why changes did not occur are difficult to find out. Since a curriculum is meaningful only when it is carried out in school classrooms, examining the aspects that it is implemented is significant working which becomes basic in diagnosing educational problems and seeking suitable solutions for them. In this study, first of all, the factors of implementing the curriculum development for the Korean language education are categorized into the curriculum itself, textbooks, teacher`s guide books, teachers and students, and the effects that each factor has on implementing a curriculum have been analyzed through study of literature. A curriculum is again divided into the factors of suitability, feasibility, definiteness and concreteness, and a textbook is subdivided into the factors such as the methods of composing a unit, the learning objectives of a unit and the methods of selecting contents, and the system of composing a unit. A teacher is the subject of implementing a curriculum and his view of a curriculum and his belief and attitude towards it, his methods of understanding and interpreting it, his methods of using textbooks, his methods of operating and evaluating his classes, a curriculum council and so on affect the implementation of a curriculum. A student is the subject of education and his interest towards a curriculum and textbooks, his learning attitudes, his cognitive abilities, his socioeconomic background and home environment, and the like are the factors of affecting the implementation of a curriculum. In this study, I selected one from speaking area of the 7th middle school curriculum, analyzed the contents of a curriculum and its relatedness to teaching materials, and the aspects that it is implemented in classes, and schematized as a model the process that the initial intention of a curriculum is implemented as the learning of students from fidelity perspective. Based on this, I typified the aspects that the curriculum for the department of the Korean language was implemented as the implementation model centered on the factor of textbooks. In the implementation model centered on the factor of textbooks, the class of a teacher and the learning of students depend on the methods in which textbooks reflect a curriculum. In this model, a teacher cannot know a curriculum and the relationship between it and textbooks, and gives classes only looking at textbooks. Thus, in case that textbooks transform or do not reflect fully a curriculum, a curriculum is difficult to implement faithfully. Implementing a curriculum faithfully according to the intention needs developing a feasible, concrete curriculum which is easily understood to teachers, developing textbooks reflecting a curriculum faithfully, providing teachers with the information about the relationship between a curriculum and textbooks, and educating teachers for improving their expertness. environment, and the like are the factors of affecting the implementation of a curriculum. In this study, I selected one from speaking area of the 7th middle school curriculum, analyzed the contents of a curriculum and its relatedness to teaching materials, and the aspects that it is implemented in classes, and schematized as a model the process that the initial intention of a curriculum is implemented as the learning of students from

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