Authors reviewed 2,362 cases of consecutive vaginal and cervical smears submitted to the Department of Pathology, Pusan Gospel Hospital during one year period from Jan. 1, 1974 to Dec. 31, 1974. Prevalence of dysplasia, carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix was analyzed, and cost per a lesion was calculated. The followings are conclusions: 1. Prevalence of dysplasia, carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma was 2.88%, 0.34% and 2.58% restectively. 2. Cost per a lesion for dysplasia was calculated as 34,735 Won, for carcinoma in situ, as 295,250 Won and for invasive carcinoma as 38,721 Won. Cost per a lesion for dysplasia and carcinoma in situ was calculated as 31,079 Won and for dysplasia and for all the lesions as 17,248 Won. 3. The results obtained suggested that mass cytologic screeiding for detection of dysplasia, carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma was reasonable in the present status of economy.
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