This paper first reviews various techniques proposed for automatic indexing with special emphasis placed on statistical techniques. Frequency-based statistical techniques are categorized into the following three approaches for further investigation on the basis of index term selection criteria: term frequency approach, document frequency approach, and probabilistic approach. In the experimental part of this study, Pao's technique based on the Goffman's transition region formula and Harter's 2-Poisson distribution model with a measure of the potential effectiveness of index term were tested. Experimental document collection consists of 30 agriculture-related documents written in Korean. Pao's technique did not yield good result presumably due to the difference in word usage between Korean and English. However, Harter's model holds some promise for Korean document indexing because the evaluation result from this experiment was similar to that of the Harter's.
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