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논문 상세정보

Bruxism과 악관절(顎關節) 기능장애자(機能障碍者)의 치료(治療)에 관(關)한 근전도학적(筋電圖學的) 연구(硏究

AN ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC STUDY ON THE TREATMENT OF BRUXISM AND TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION PATIENTS

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate treatment effectiveness of TENS and bite plane for bruxism and TMJ dysfunction patients. The electromyograms were made on males aged 23 to 25 with sound stomatognathic system, 5 males bruxism aged 24 to 27, and 1 male and 4 females TMJ dysfunction patients (right TMJ pain) aged 14 to 33. The electromyographic study was limited to the middle of masseter muscle and anterior temporal muscle. The electromyographic study was carried out with 8-channel EM2 (Myotronics Research Inc.) and was taken 5 mandibular positions of clinical rest position, clench intercuspal position, clench protruded, cluch right, clench left. The 2 pairs of surface electrodes were used exactly, with the ear lobe as reference point. The recording were subjected to determine the mean voltage. The results were as follows; 1. In the clinical rest position, the muscle activities of bruxism and TMJ dysfunction patients were higher than those of normal at the before treatment, but that were lower or similar to those of normal at the TENS after and after bite plane wearing. 2. In the clench I.C.P., the muscle activities of TMJ dysfunction patients were decreased as the order of the before treatment, after TENS, after occlusal bite plane wearing, but those of bruxism were irregular. 3. In the clench right and the clench left, the muscle activities of the middle of masseter muscle of the non-working side of bruxism were higher than those of the working side at the before treatment and after TENS, but the muscle activities of after occlusal bite plane wearing were similar to those of the normal. 4. In the clench right and the clench left, the muscle activities of the middle of masseter muscle and anterior temporal muscle of the working side of TMJ dysfunction patients were higher than those of non-working side as like the normal at the before treatment, after TENS, and after occlusal bite plane wearing.

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