The purpose of this investigation was performed for chemical values related to rancidity of fat and oils extracted from deep-frying food in Seoul. The samples were collected according to kinds of fat and oils, sampling sites and food stuffs for frying. The results were as follows 1. The most used frying oils were rice bran oil $(37.0\%)$ and shortening $(29.6\%)$, followed by rapeseed oil $(14.8\%)$. 2. The chemical values related to rancidity of fat and oils extracted from deep-frying foods were the next on average. Acid value-1.42, peoxide value-39.82, dinitrophenyl hydrazine value-16.73 thiobarbituric acid value-0.263. However the highest value among oils was showed in rice bran oil and the lowest value was shortening. 3. For the classification of sampling sites, acid value and peroxide value of samples of the markets were found higher than them of environs of school and roadside, and the differences between them were significant (P> 0.01), while dinitrophenyl hydrazine value and thiobar bituric acid value were not showed the significant differences. 4. For the classification of foodstuffs for frying, there were not recognized significant differences among all kinds of them.
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