The purpose of this paper is to present the optimal investment conditions of SOC facilities for maximizing regional social welfare in implementing the urban development project in the theoretical fashion. Particularily, SOC facilities are divided into both supply-side($P_s$) and demand-side SOC ($P_d$) in the paper. General equilibrium analysis from the intra-regional viewpoint by utilizing Pareto's Optimal Conditions and by revising Samuleson's Conditions for public goods($P_s$ and $P_d$) results in the optimum pattern of SOC investment. The following are important implications from the analysis. First, rather than the pursue social equity, SOC investment is to resolve the issue of efficiency to activate the regional economy. Second, the marginal rate of transformation (MRT) between $P_s$ and $P_d$ in the region is to play a significant role in structuring SOC investment plant of local government for social welfare maximization. Third, the optimal SOC investment policy based on this regional economy but also to generate the enhancement of soical amenities of the residents.
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