Bangpoong (防風) is a popular crude drug used to expel wind from the body surface (祛風解表) to remove dampness (勝濕). And to relieve pain (正痛) and spasm (正痙). In China and Japan, roots of Saposhnikovia divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk. Is used as Bangpoong. However, the roots of Peucedanum japonicum Thunb. Or Glehnia littoralis (A. Gray) Fr. Schmidt ex Miquel, being called Sikbangpoong (植防風) and Wonbangpoong (元防風) respectively are used instead of Bangpoong in Korea. The ITS regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA were analyzed to determine original plants and to design a molecular identification method for the crude drugs used as Bangpoong in Korea and China. It is demonstrated that RFLP analysis via PCR has the great potential as a novel tool to test crude drugs for the quality control and standardization.
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