A new temperature and supply-insensitive CMOS current reference circuit was designed and tested. Te temperature insensuitivity was achieved by eliminating the mobility dependence term through the multiplication of two current components, one which is proportional to mobility and the other which is inversely proportional to mobility, by using a newly designed CMOS square root circuit. The CMOS sqare root circuit was derived from its bipolar counterpart by operating the MOS transistors in the subthreshold region. The supply insensitivity was achieved by using an internal voltage generator. Te test chip was designed ans sent out for fabrication by using a 2.mu.m double-poly double-metal n-well CMOS technology. When an external voltage source was used for the square root circuit, the maximum variation and the average temperature sensitivity were measured to be 3% and 21.4ppm/.deg.C, respectively, for the temperature range of -15~130.deg.C. The maximum current variation with supply voltage was measured to be 3% within the commerical supply voltage range of 4.5~5.5V at 30.deg. C.
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