Broad-band RAM's (Radar absorbing materials) are designed by multi-layered lossy dielectrics. The depth, the relative permittivity and the loss tangent of each layer are optimized in order to meet the required reflective power over the specified frequency range using a genetic algorithm. The reflection coefficients are calculated by the continued fraction method. A new population model of the partial initialization method during iterations is applied for the multi-modal functions to enhance the performance of the genetic algorithm. The optimal RAN's are designed by setting the relative permittivity and the loss tangent of the dielectrics as a funtion of the frequency over 5~20GHz.
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