재배 면적이 비교적 넓은 국내산벼 10품종 백미의 알콜용해성단백질을 capillary elictrophoresis로 분석하고 품종간 단백질 pattern의 차이를 비교 분석하므로써 신속한 품종판별법으로서의 적용가능성을 검토하였다. P-ACN buffer를 이용한 분석조건에서 각 품종은 25분 이내에 분석완료 되었으며 peak pattern의 특징에 따라 동진벼 group, 추청벼 group 및 일품벼 group의 3group으로 분류할 수 있었다. 동진벼, 계화벼, 영남벼가 동진벼 group으로 분류되었으며 이 group에서는 다른 품종에서는 거의 나타나지 않은 peak h가 전체 peak area의
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) with rice proteins was used to discriminate 10 domestic rice cultivars in less than 25 min. Most cultivars were differentiated quickly and easily using P-ACN buffer system. CE of rice prolamins allowed classifying ten varieties of Korean rice into three groups. Peak h was characteristic peak for Dongjinbyeo, Gaehwabyeo and Yongnambyeo which were classified into the group of Dongjinbyeo. Chuchungbyeo, Odaebyeo, Mangeumbyeo and Bonggwangbyeo easily differentiated from the group of Dongjinbyeo by the absence of peak h which were classified into the group of Chuchungbyeo. Peak g typical for Illpumbyeo, Hwaseungbyeo and Hwayoungbyeo accounted for 70% of total peak area. They belong to the group of Illpumbyeo. Some cultivars showed specific peak patterns among ten cultivars, Illpumbyeo was differentiated from others by several peaks between peak c and peak f, and the peak d was apparently detected in Odaebyeo not in others. Other minor differences were also found within each group. The result of the study showed that CE has potential for discrimination of rice cultivars. It also possesses the inherent advantages such as low mass requirements, fast seperations, and quantitative analysis through on-capillary UV detection.
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